The EU's climate change and energy strategy Limiting global climate change to 2C and the contributio - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The EU's climate change and energy strategy Limiting global climate change to 2C and the contributio PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: e0fac-NjFiO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The EU's climate change and energy strategy Limiting global climate change to 2C and the contributio

Description:

and energy strategy. Limiting global climate change to 2 C ... Alternative fuels. Energy efficiency. Nuclear. Sustainable Development. Security of supply ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:137
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: fea9
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The EU's climate change and energy strategy Limiting global climate change to 2C and the contributio


1
The EU's climate change and energy strategy
Limiting global climate change to 2Cand the
contribution of the energy policy
FEANI General Assembly, Valencia, 4 October May
2007
Jean-Arnold Vinois Head of Unit Energy policy
and security of supply DG Energy and Transport,
European Commission
2
Outline
  • The EUs international ambition Limiting climate
    change to 2 degrees Celsius
  • Leadership starts at home Energy for a changing
    world

3
The EUs 2 degrees Celsius objective
Source IPCC 2007
4
Why 2 degrees Celsius?
EUs 2C
5
Why 2 degrees Celsius?Millions at risk
6
A global vision a 50 chance to stay below 2
degrees Celsius
7
Action by developed countries
  • Common but differentiated responsibility take
    the lead and make most of the effort
  • Reduction efforts
  • 30 by 2020
  • 60-80 by 2050
  • Emissions trading, linking domestic schemes and
    global carbon market
  • Binding and effective rules for monitoring and
    enforcing commitments

8
Action in developing countries
  • Reduce growth of emissions asap
  • Absolute reductions after 2020
  • Toolbox
  • Sustainable development policies
  • New approach to CDM
  • Improved access to finance
  • Sectoral approaches
  • Quantified emission limits
  • No commitments for least developed countries

9
Further elements
  • International research and technology cooperation
  • Large-scale technology demonstration
  • Quantification of regional and local impacts and
    adaptation and mitigation strategies
  • Action to halt deforestation within 2-3 decades
    and reverse afterwards
  • Large-scale pilot schemes
  • Adaptation measures
  • Integrate in public and private investment
    decisions
  • Enhanced alliance building with developing
    countries building on EU action plan on climate
    change and development
  • International agreement on energy efficiency
    standards

10
It is technically feasible e.g. the energy
sector
11
The EU 2 degrees vision is economically affordable
World GDP relative to 2005
12
Benefits of limiting climate change outweigh
costs of action
  • Costs of inaction 5-20 of global GDP (Stern
    Review)
  • Costs of global action (2030)
  • Investment costs 0.5 of global GDP per year
  • Reduce global GDP growth by 0.19 per year
  • Reduce global GDP growth by 0.12 per year (IPCC
    WG3)
  • Co-benefits
  • Increased energy security
  • Improved competitiveness through innovation
  • Health benefits from reduced air pollution

Commission analysis
13
International climate negotiations Outlook
2007
2008
2009
2010
FIN
GER
PORT
ESP
FRA
SWE
CZ
SLO
BEL
COP 12
COP 13 Indonesia
COP 14, Poland
COP 15, Denmark
COP16, Latin America
Science 4th AR IPCC
Follow-Up Convention Dialogue
Convention Dialogue
Deal on New International Framework
New targets for industrialised countries under
the Kyoto Protocol (Art 3.9)
Review of Kyoto Protocol (Art 9)
Follow-Up Review
G20 Gleneagles Plan of Action
G8 GER
G8 JAP
G8 ITA
14
Leadership starts at home
Energy for a changing world
15
One strategic objective for energy and climate
  • At least 20 unilateral EU reduction of GHG by
    2020

16
Interlinked energy policy objectives
Competitiveness
  • Internal Market
  • Interconnections (Trans-European networks)
  • European electricity and gas network
  • Research and innovation
  • Clean coal
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Alternative fuels
  • Energy efficiency
  • Nuclear

FULLY BALANCED INTEGRATED AND MUTUALLY
REINFORCED
Sustainable Development
Security of supply
  • Renewable energy
  • Energy efficiency
  • Nuclear
  • Research and innovation
  • Emission trading
  • International Dialogue
  • European stock management (oil/gas)
  • Refining capacity and energy storage
  • Diversification

16
17
CO2 emissions from energy
TRENDS IN CO2 EMISSIONS up to 2030 without any
additional CO2 mitigation measures
Mt CO2 relative to 1990 (Baseline)
18
Energy and CO2 emissions
Energy gt 80 of EU-GHG Energy gt 93 of EU CO2
emissions 75 of GHG are CO2 emissions
Source European Environemental Agency Report 2006
19
Towards a more sustainable, secure and
competitive energy mix
EU-27 ENERGY MIX
2030 (BaU)
2004
Source EUROSTAT
20
Investment for a more sustainable
energy base
EU-27 INVESTMENT NEEDS up to 2030 1.79 trillion
Source EUROSTAT
21
Open markets to encourage investment and new
entrants
22
Diversity to tackle rising import dependence
Import trends EU 27
23
II. THE ACTION PLAN decided by the European
Council in March 2007
Actions for a Post-industrial revolution
24
1. Internal Market will facilitate achievement of
policy objectives
  • Non-discriminatory access to networks for new
    suppliers through unbundling between supply
    activities and transmission networks.
  • Enhancing the role, independence and
    effectiveness of national regulators
  • Reinforcing co-ordination of regulators at EU
    level to ensure equal treatment for all
    participants an EU regulatory agency?
  • Towards a European grid, incorporating offshore
    wind, thanks to TSOs cooperation
  • Ensuring transparency of the market

25
2. Solidarity a common purpose towards common
ends
  • Common energy policy objectives promote Member
    State collaboration and integration
  • Development of mechanisms to promote solidarity
    in energy crisis situation
  • Common EU fora to share information, serve as
    early warning mechanism and organising joint
    responses, eg
  • Gas Coordination Group
  • Oil Supply Group
  • Energy Correspondents Network

26
3. Energy Efficiency for quick, easy and cheap
reductions in emissions
  • Energy Efficiency Action Plan
  • (adopted on 19 October 2006)
  • Saving 20 by 2020
  • Realising the Potential
  • Transport fuel efficient cars better use of
    public transport introduction of biofuels
  • Appliances tougher standards and better
    labelling
  • Buildings improving the energy performance of
    the EUs building stock
  • Improving the efficiency of heat and electricity
    generation, tranmission and distribution

27
3.Energy Efficiency Implementation
  • Implementation of the Action Plan
  • Intelligent Energy Agency now Executive Agency
    for Competitiveness and Innovation
  • Commission Work Programme
  • Energy performance of Buildings Directive,
    Cogeneration Directive, Eco-Design Directive,
    Energy Star Agreement, Energy End-Use Efficiency,
    Energy Services Directive, Labelling Directive
  • Industrial agreements/commitments
  • ManagEnergy and Sustainable Energy Europe
    Campaigns

28
3.Energy Efficiency the widest possible promotion
  • Structural Funds and the EIB/EBRD to support
    energy efficiency
  • Facilitating investments and financial incentives
    for energy efficiency in cooperation with
    financial institutions, including new Member
    States
  • International platform on energy efficiency
    (improved, internationally agreed minimum energy
    efficiency standards for a wide range of products
    and equipment and a process for the gradual
    raising of these standards) with IEA countries,
    Russia, China and India.

29
4. A binding Renewable Energy Target
  • EU MUST deliver on existing 21 (power) and 5.75
    (transport) RES targets by 2010
  • European Council has agreed a binding overall 20
    target by 2020 and a 10 minimum binding target
    per Member State for biofuels
  • Supporting legislation to be tabled by Commission
    early December 2007
  • Member States to set national targets and action
    plans on RES in electricity,
    Heating and cooling and Biofuels

30
5. Technology a new strategy
  • Strategic energy technology plan - by end 2007
  • Promotion of technologies to support the Energy
    Policy for Europe and the low-carbon energy
    economy
  • Pooling all EU, national and industry means
    to push
  • the technologies needed
  • Transport fuel efficient cars alternative
    fuels hydrogen fuel cells
  • Renewables solar, photovoltaic, second
    generaltion biofuels, offshore wind etc
  • Nuclear Generation IV, fusion
  • Energy efficient products and processes.

31
5. Technology more EU research funding
  • In the 7th Framework Programme (FP) energy
  • funds increased by 50in comparison with the last
    FP
  • 2007-2013
  • Energy 2350 million
  • (gt50 for RES and energy efficiency)
  • Environment (including climate change)
  • 1890 million
  • Nuclear (Euratom) 2751 million
  • Intelligent Energy Agency will help disseminate
    programme results

32
5. Technology a new emphasis on Sustainable
Fossil Fuels
  • Up to 12 industrial-scale demonstration
    facilities of sustainable power generation from
    fossil fuel in Europe (Early mover incentives,
    Technology platform, Pooling of EU and MS Funds,
    Joint Undertakings)
  • Clear timeframe for installation of CO2 capture
    storage CCS for coal- and gas-fired power plants
  • CCS for new fossil fuel plant after 2020
    RETROFITTING of existing plants
  • Improvement of the legal framework (CCS in ETS)
    and public acceptance

33
6. A safe and secure nuclear option
  • Council calls for a debate on opportunities and
    risks of nuclear energy
  • Commission will establish an EU High Level Group
    on Nuclear Safety and waste management
  • Waste management must be priority for Research
    and Technology Development Programme

34
7. An external energy policy towards global
sustainability
  • Negotiations and agreements on climate, trade and
    technology
  • Post-2012 climate regime, World Bank Gas Flaring
    Reduction Partnership, Extractive Industries
    Transparency Initiative, Energy Charter,
    extension of ETS to global partners, energy
    efficiency, energy star
  • Energy relations with EU Neighbours
  • Norway, ENP, Egypt, Mashrek/Magreb, Libya,
    Algeria, Turkey

35
7. Encouraging sustainable energy policies with
key partners
  • EU Russia energy cooperation
  • Energy partnership in the framework of the
    post-PCA agreement
  • Cooperation with key energy producers, transit
    countries and consumers
  • Through OPEC, GCC, with Caspian Basin, Latin
    America, Caribbean, a new Africa-Europe
    Partnership, partnerships with USA, China, India,
    Brazil
  • Dialogues extend to demand, efficiency,
    technology and climate issues

36
Benefits of new policies outweigh costs
  • COSTS OF ACTION
  • 20 share of renewables by 2020
  • additional average costs
  • - 18 billion/year 6 of EUs total energy
    import bill (48/barrel by 2020)
  • - 10.6 billion/year at 78/barrel
  • - no additional costs in comparison to
    relying on traditional energy sources if carbon
    price at 20 per ton.
  • BENEFITS
  • From energy efficiency (20 by 2020)
  • save 100 billion/year and 780 Mt CO2
  • Improved competitiveness through innovation
  • Energy supply security, reduced import bill
  • Health benefits from reduced air pollution

37
More information on how to
http//ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/future_acti
on.htm http//ec.europa.eu/energy/energy_policy/in
dex_en.htm
About PowerShow.com