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Emerging East: Orissas Turn Around

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Title: Emerging East: Orissas Turn Around


1
Emerging East Orissas Turn Around
  • MP Mr. Baijayant Panda
  • and
  • Professor Chitta Baral
  • Arizona State University
  • chitta_at_asu.edu

2
ORISSA
3
Structure of Presentation
  • Orissas vision
  • Competitive advantages
  • Orissa the State on path of progress
  • Human Resources Development
  • Infrastructure
  • Opportunity Orissa

4
State at a Glance
  • Capital Bhubaneswar
  • Area 1,55,707 square kilometers
  • Same as NY CT
  • Population 2001 36,804,660
  • Same as the population of CA in 2006
  • Major industries Steel, Aluminum, Power,
    Cement, Mineral-based, Paper, Higher Education
  • Connectivity
  • Air Bhubaneswar
  • Roads A leg of the Golden Quadrilateral passes
    through it
  • Rail Howrah Chennai and Howrah Mumbai
  • Major Port Paradeep

5
Vision of Orissa
  • To usher in balanced socio-economic growth
    of Orissa that hinges on sustainable development
    with strong fundamentals of industrial growth,
    right harnessing of natural resources and
    actualization of employment potential.
  • Shri Naveen Patnaik
  • Honourable Chief Minister
  • Orissa

6
Did you know this about Orissa?
7
Did you know this about Orissa? The making of a
knowledge hub in Bhubaneswar
  • Institutes aspiring to be an MIT (IIT
    Bhubaneswar), a Cal Tech (NISER Bhubaneswar), a
    Berkeley (NU Bhubaneswar) and a Stanford (Vedanta
    University Puri) are currently being built in the
    Bhubaneswar-Puri area of Orissa.
  • Part of the Government of Indias 11th plan
    initiative of 8 new IITs, Six science institutes
    and 14 National Universities
  • No other metropolitan area in India is currently
    scheduled to have more than two Bhubaneswar will
    have all three
  • NISER Bhubaneswar 2nd batch started this year
  • IIT Bhubaneswar 1st batch started this year
  • Vedanta University in Puri a 3 billion
    university with a 1 billion initial pledge from
    Mr. Anil Agarwal
  • 10 existing universities, 15 more being made 39
    existing engineering colleges, 12 more in
    pipeline 15 existing colleges (some offering
    graduate degrees)

8
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9
Did you know this about Orissa? The making of a
transportation channel!
  • Ports (existing and in pipeline)
  • Paradeep
  • Dhamara
  • Gopalpur
  • Kirtania
  • Jatadhari (for POSCO)
  • Astaranga, Puri
  • Bahuda Muhana, Ganjam
  • Baliharchandi, Puri
  • Barunei, Kendrapada
  • Chudamani, Bhadrakh
  • Inchudi, Balasore
  • Palur, Ganjam
  • National waterway 5

10
Emerging Ports
11
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12
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13
Power Tariff
  • Orissa is a power surplus State
  • Orissa has successfully carried out power sector
    reforms - Distribution privatised

14
Density of Roads
  • Road length per 1,000 square kilometre of area
  • Source Planning Commission, Statistical Abstract
    of India

15
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16
Number of Strikes Lockouts
  • Number of strikes lockouts (2002)
  • Source Indian Labour Year Book, Labour Bureau,
    Ministry of Labour, GoI, 2002
  • Industrial Disputes in India, 2001

17
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18
Competitive Advantages
  • In a globalised scenario, Orissa has drawn
    attention of investors with strengths
  • Natural
  • Rich mineral resources ()
  • Coastline gateway to SE Asian Far Eastern
    markets
  • Adequate fresh water available for industrial use
  • About 10 of Indias utilizable water (surface
    ground) 108.147 Billion Cubic Meters.
  • Discovery of natural gas off the coast
  • Institutional
  • Positive investment climate single window
    industrial facilitation by Team Orissa ()
  • Proactive policy framework for developing key
    economic sectors and for infrastructure buildup

19
Competitive Advantages
  • Developmental
  • Land contiguous to ports available for industries
  • Surplus quality power at most competitive rate
    ()
  • Part of the mainline national rail and road grid
  • Economic
  • Low cost labour and availability of skilled
    workforce
  • Predominance of organised industrial activity ()
  • Infrastructural
  • Major port at Paradeep moving 50 mtpa
  • 90 industrial parks / growth centres (9000
    hectares)
  • Seamless connectivity by rail road
  • Highest density of roads in eastern India ()

20
Competitive Advantages

Competitive power tariff
Land bank
Plentiful water
Mineral resources in proximity
Lowest cost producer of Steel / Alumina
Skilled manpower
Government facilitation
Rail connectivity
Investor friendly policies
Port facility
Road network
21
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Metal Sector
  • Preferred destination for Foreign Domestic
    Investors
  • 45 projects for over 70 mtpa of Steel (28 plants
    partly commissioned). More than US45 Bn
    investment
  • 4 new aluminum complexes with more than 4 mtpa
    alumina and 1 mtpa aluminum smelter capacity
    under implementation (US 10 Bn)
  • Rare earth projects through FDI mode (US 0.50
    Bn)
  • Major investors in the metal sector - POSCO,
    Arcelor-Mittal, Tata Steel, Bhusan, Jindal,
    Essar, Aarti, Hindalco, Vedanta, LT Dubai
    Aluminium, etc

Rourkela Steel Plant
Workshop
22
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Chemical Petrochemical
  • 15 mtpa mega petrochemical complex by IOC (US
    6Bn)
  • Deepak Fertilizers implementing 2 chemical
    projects at Paradeep
  • Mega Petroleum, Chemicals Petrochemicals
    Investment Region (PCPIR) under development in
    Paradeep area (284 Square kilometres)
  • Cement
  • 5 mtpa capacity addition utilising flyash blast
    furnace slag (0.50 Bn)

Chemicals
Petrochemicals
23
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Energy and Power
  • 13 Thermal Power Projects under implementation
    with capacity of 13,500 MW (US 11 Bn)
  • Major names include Tata Power, Reliance Energy,
    Sterlite Energy, Mahanadi Aban, Monnet Ispat,
    Essar Power, Lanco Group, NavBharat Power, CESC
    and GMR Energy
  • Project by Reliance Industries Limited for
    hydrocarbon based power generation gas grid
    (US 1.5Bn)
  • Various Mini-Hydel projects with a combined
    capacity of 200 MW
  • Non-conventional projects with 100 MW

Energy Power
Power Sector
24
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Special Projects
  • Mega shipbuilding repair yard at Dhamra ( 0.6
    Bn)
  • Auto components park by RSB
  • Tourism
  • 5.3 million tourists visited Orissa in 2006
    (growth rate gt13)
  • Foreign tourists 40,000 (growth rate 17)
  • Hospitality sector investments by some of the
    most respected hotel chains
  • Special Tourism Area (STA) near Puri spread over
    1000 acres already under implementation
  • Infrastructure upgradation projects in the
    Buddhist and beach-based circuits

NALCO
Exotic Beach at Puri
25
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Mega Infrastructure Projects
  • Development of industrial, economic social
    infrastructure in steel mining corridors
  • Major expansion of Paradeep Port underway
  • 12 SEZs including 4 IT SEZs approved by GoI
  • 4 new ports (US 2Bn) at Dhamra, Gopalpur,
    Jatadhari Muhana and Kirtania in progress and
    more being explored on 480 km long coast line of
    the state
  • Bio-pharma Park in Bhubaneswar through PPP
  • Integrated Textiles Parks at Choudwar
  • Auto complex at Choudwar ()
  • Extensive rural electrification programmes
  • Bhubaneswar Airport modernization
  • International Convention Centre at Bhubaneswar

Paradeep Port
Infocity, Bhubaneswar
26
Orissa - The state on the moveDevelopments
during the last three years
  • Information Technology Sector
  • Software exports in excess of US 175 mn during
    2006 - 07
  • Orissa emerging as an IT / ITES powerhouse with
    presence of Infosys, Satyam, Wipro, TCS,
    Mindtree, ICICI Bank, Genpact (200,000 software
    professionals by 2015)
  • SMEs More than 300 units and 12000 software
    professionals engaged in the state
  • Group of investors from Silicon Valley setting up
    5000 seater IT/ITES facility
  • Target of exporting software to the tune of US
    1000 mn by 2011-12
  • Integrated IT City over 500 acres underway

Satyam Campus, Bhubaneswar
Infosys Campus, Bhubaneswar
27
Recent FDI projects in Orissa
  • Largest FDI of US12 Bn by Korean Steel Giant
    POSCO in steel sector
  • Other big FDI projects

Biju Patnaik International Airport
Nine hole Golf Course at Infocity
28
Infrastructure
  • ROADS RAILWAYS
  • Monitoring by Prime Ministers office of priority
    infrastructure projects catering to the steel and
    mines corridor
  • Over 5 Bn investment in road sector in next 5
    years
  • About 1.5 Bn investment in railways in next 5
    years
  • Massive urban infrastructure upgradation through
    national level programmes
  • Investment through public funding and private
    participation

XIM, Bhubaneswar
Road in PPP mode
  • Source Indiastat

29
INDUSTRIAL ZONES AND BIG PORTS
Zone III
Zone V
KIRTANIA PORT
Zone I
Zone IV
DHAMRA PORT
Zone II
PARADEEP PORT
Zone VI
GOPALPUR PORT
Circle I Steel, Power, IT, Tourism Ports Zone
III Mining, Power, Steel Zone VI Alumina
30
State Capital-Bhubaneswar
  • Quality of Life
  • Bhubaneswar is the 2nd planned city in the
    country and is the safest and most economical
    Capital in the country making it very popular
    with the young masses in Eastern India ()
  • Well connected to major cities in the country
  • Among 5 fastest growing cities in real estate
  • Pollution free environment with very pleasant and
    comfortable living conditions
  • Excellent residential, recreation and
    entertainment facilities
  • Top quality schools colleges
  • Large multidisciplinary hospitals by AIIMS
    Apollo Specialty Centres for cancer, heart, eye,
    diabetic research, spinal injury and trauma care
  • Fascinating weekend getaways, pristine beaches,
    exotic flora fauna and wildlife sanctuaries, at
    proximity

Shopping Malls
Hotel Swosti Plaza, Bhubaneswar
Well planned Residential Complexs
31
Bhubaneswar-Puri area as a knowledge hub soon to
have 25 universities
  • Existing Universities
  • Upcoming universities
  • IIT Bhubaneswar
  • NISER Bhubaneswar
  • Utkal University
  • Orissa U of Agriculture and Tech.
  • Ravenshaw University
  • IIIT Bhubaneswar
  • Utkal Univ. of Culture
  • Sri Jagannath University
  • KIIT deemed University
  • SOA deemed University
  • 39 additional four year engineering colleges,
    some with graduate programs
  • 30 Colleges offering Bachelors in non
    engineering subjects (some offering graduate
    programs)
  • Vedanta University
  • National University (WCCU)
  • AIIMS Bhubaneswar
  • National Law University
  • Sri Sri University
  • ICFAI University
  • Jagadguru Kripalu University
  • Orissa open university
  • National Institute of Design (?)
  • 6 deemed university applications in pipeline
  • 12 four year engineering colleges

32
Vedanta University Master Plan (Ayers St. Gross
designed) For 100,000 students and 500,000 city
residents Plan
33
Vedanta University Plan Master Plan\
Building Uses
Academic Housing Administration Library St
udent Union Performing Arts Recreation
34
University Master Plan
Academic Precincts
Research Liberal Arts Classics Journalism Architec
ture Facilities Humanities Education Arts
Music Professional Studies Performing
Arts International Studies
Recreation Library Health Science Engineering Bios
cience Sciences Medicine Hospital Business Dentist
ry Nursing Law Graduate Studies
35
Vedanta University Phase 1
36
Vedanta University Hospital Medical School
  • Perkins and Will http//www.perkinswill.com/ has
    been shortlisted to design the complex (34 acres)
  • Jensen partners (http//www.jensenpartners.com/)
    has been shortlisted to equip the medical college
    and develop the program
  • Overall status About 3500 of the 6000 acres have
    been acquired
  • Work on the building expected to start in the end
    of October 2008.

37
Medical Colleges in Bhubaneswar-Puri area
  • Existing
  • Upcoming
  • SCB Medical College
  • HiTech Medical College
  • Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences
  • SUM Hospital and Medical College
  • Medical College of Vedanta University
  • AIIMS Bhubaneswar
  • Capital Medical College
  • Medical College of Sri Sri University
  • Medical College of National University

38
Human Resources Development in Orissa
  • Higher Education
  • Hub of engineering, management medical
    education in Eastern India
  • Tripling of engineering/MCA technical education
    capacity since 2001
  • 30,000 B.Tech / MCA, 3000 Management
    professionals and 50,000 general graduates pass
    out every year
  • Apeejay implementing integrated Knowledge Park
  • Besides IIT, NISER, World-Class Central
    University, a central University in Koraput and a
    IIIT in Berhampur.

Utkal University, Bhubaneswar
RIE, Bhubaneswar
39
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40
Bhubaneswar and Chandaka
41
Near Deras Dam in Chandaka
42
Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark
43
Bhubaneswar and Chilika lake
44
Chilika Lake
45
Orissa What the experts say
  • Mckinsey 2005 Orissas economy is poised to
    grow at 7.1 over the next 10-12 years, the
    highest in Eastern India
  • CMIE 2006 2008 Orissa accounts for 15 of
    total investment in hand in the country. It tops
    in terms of Industrial investment (133 Bn) and
    project implementation ahead of Maharashtra
    Gujarat
  • World Bank 2008 Orissa is a State on the move.
    GSDP has grown at the rate of 8.5 on average
    during 2002-07
  • Alastair King, CEO of UK-based India investor
    Eredene Capital (Quoted in a Reuter article)
    "Relative to building the 10th new retail mall in
    a suburb of Mumbai ... I'd much rather build the
    first distribution park in the steel industry of
    Orissa, where you've got great demand."

46
Why Orissa?
  • Positive investment climate
  • Vibrant industry sector
  • A proactive and positive Government with a modern
    outlook
  • Stability of political regime and policy
    framework for developing key economic sectors and
    for infrastructure buildup (Legislative framework
    to reduce transaction time cost for investors)
  • Strong institutional support and Single Window
    facilitation by Team Orissa
  • Harmonious industrial climate and relations ()
  • Team Orissa
  • Chief Minister is the captain of Team
  • Institutional framework of the Government that is
    engaged in industrial facilitation and investment
    promotion

Mukteswar
Secretariat Building, Bhubaneswar
47
Why Orissa?
  • Government promoting inclusive growth for
    sustainable balanced development
  • People oriented R R policy
  • Strong institutional mechanism to promote
    periphery development with involvement of all
    stakeholders
  • Stress on environment management
  • Focus on SME sectors
  • Strategy to leverage natural resources for
    all-round prosperity and enabling rural
    livelihoods
  • Rapid infrastructure development through PPP
    framework and policy

KIIT University, Bhubaneswar
Well planned Roads
48
Opportunity Orissa
  • Education and Knowledge Sector
  • Automobile sector
  • Ancillary / downstream / construction phase
    projects of mining / steel / aluminium /
    petrochemicals ()
  • Equipment and technology suppliers vendors
  • Heavy engineering and fabrication
  • Plant and machineries for ports (), roads,
    industrial water supply, mining equipments, etc
  • Power projects coal washing, modernisation of
    existing units, renewable energy
  • Marine fisheries infrastructure
  • Services sector
  • Tourism
  • Information Technology / ITES

49
Opportunity Orissa
  • Development of industrial parks and SEZs ()
  • Critical economic social infrastructures in
    industrial and mining corridors roads, water
    supply, housing, hospitals, etc
  • Construction domain including industrial
    construction, townships, roads, ports, real
    estate and other infrastructure
  • Technology applications in utilisation of flyash
    and blast furnace slag
  • Clean development mechanisms projects green
    manufacturing processes and technology

50
Invest in Orissa and be a preferred partner
  • CAPEX database of The Centre for Monitoring
    Indian Economy (provider of project-wise
    information of new and ongoing capital
    expenditure projects in the country)
  • Ranks Orissa first in terms of value of total
    envisaged projects for the period ending December
    2007.
  • Estimated investment of Rs 599,181 crores ( 150
    billion)
  • Ranks Orissa first in terms of value of total
    projects under implementation in the country at
    Rs 308,589 crore.
  • There are 483 projects being carried out in
    Orissa 52 are under implementation stage while
    48 are in the announced stage.

51
The future is NOWand HERE!!
Thank You
  • Websites
  • www.orissagov.nic.in
  • www.teamorissa.org
  • www.idcoindia.com
  • www.orissagrowth.org

52
Questions?
53
Recent disturbances
54
KBK and Kandhamala Another frontier of India
55
Land Acquisition
  • We hear of the two problem ones (POSCO, Tata
    Steel)
  • Huge list of projects that have successfully
    acquired land and many already in operation
  • But there is a problem, not just in Orissa, but
    in India
  • They are being addressed at the national as well
    as state level
  • E.g. R R policy are being updated so that they
    give people a stake in the success of the project
  • Some suggestions
  • Connect with locals Make them feel that the
    company cares about them
  • Dont leave everything to the government
  • Hire experienced local managers
  • Keep a low profile

56
MOU versus implementations
  • From http//go.worldbank.org/F6WBERON80
  • Has the signing of MOUs been interpreted as
    industrial growth?
  • The reported industrial growth in recent years is
    based on actual and officially estimated figures,
    not on MOUs. Assessment of future prospects has
    been informed by CMIEs projections using
    detailed information on the status of each
    investment project under implementation, and its
    likely date of completion based on historical
    experience and informed judgment in exceptional
    cases.
  • By how much has Orissas economy grown in recent
    years?
  • According to the latest data released by the
    Directorate of Economics and Statistics,
    Government of Orissa, the state GDP grew at 10.5
    percent annually on average during the most
    recent five years, that is 2003/04 to 2007/08. 
  • During the Tenth Five-Year Plan period, that is
    2002/03 to 2006/07, the average growth rate was
    8.5 percent. 
  • Orissa, which grew much slower than the rest of
    India during the 1990s, has now caught up.  2004
    onwards, it has begun to overtake the national
    average.

57
More from the world bank report
  • How many people have been brought out of poverty
    in recent years?
  • Between 1999/00 and 2004/05, based on NSS data
    estimates using mixed reference period, the
    proportion of people in poverty in rural Orissa
    declined by 8 percentage points compared to 5
    percentage points in rural India as a whole.
    Despite this progress, however, the level of
    poverty in Orissa remains significantly higher
    than the rest of India.
  • According to the latest calculation based on
    official figures released recently by the
    Planning Commission, the number of poor in Orissa
    has come down by about 1.5 million between
    1999/00 and 2004/05.  This figure will feature in
    the final Bank report.
  • What is the states current debt burden?
  • How the debt burden has moved can be appreciated
    by comparing not rupee figures but the ratio of
    the debt burden to annual GDP or annual revenue.
    As a proportion of revenue, Orissas debt has
    fallen from 343 percent in 2001/02 to 201 percent
    in 2007/08. As a proportion of GSDP, it has
    declined from 63 percent to 50 percent.  This is
    a major correction, and reflects responsible
    fiscal management to lift the state out of a
    crisis situation.

58
More from the world bank report
  • Has the government achieved a revenue surplus by
    curtailing capital expenditure and squeezing
    development expenditure?
  • The revenue surplus has been achieved as a result
    of 3 factors 
  • improved performance of the states own taxes,
  • enhanced central transfers and external donor
    support, and
  • curtailing of expenditure. 
  • The capital budget was constrained during
    2002-05, but still outcomes improved due to
    emphasis on project completion. As explained in
    the report, there was undoubtedly a lot of flab
    in the administrative machinery, and Orissa was
    more over-staffed than other states. The
    government undertook major surgery to trim the
    fat, and in the process some muscle also got cut,
    which needs to be rebuilt now.   The Government
    of Orissa has been hiring a large number of
    para-teachers, and the teacher-pupil ratio is 40
    on average, ranging from 31 in the best served
    district to 60 in the worst.  This is far better
    than the situation in Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka
    Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

59
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60
Ancillary Business Potential

Utilities
DownStream Facilities
Core Specialized Services
General Services
Mother Steel / Aluminium Plant
Unexplored !!!
Support Specialized Services
Township Management
Operations Maintenance
Spares Manufacturing
Supply Chain Logistics
There is an opportunity to convert substantial
parts of Steel / Aluminium/Petrochemical sector
expenditure into Ancillary spend
61
SITE 1 SEZ (2700 acres)
SITE 2 for chemical projects (3,000 acres)
Paradeep-Duburi (116 Kms) is envisaged as an
industrial corridor to house downstream /
ancillary / construction phase projects of steel
and petrochemicals
62
Single Window Framework
  • Orissa Industries Facilitation Act 2004 enacted
    for the purpose
  • Provides for combined application form and
    time-bound clearances for investment projects
  • Enables maintenance of combined registers,
    records, returns
  • Provides for streamlined inspections
  • Dedicated institutional Mechanisms for clearances
    and investor escort services

63
Industrial Policy 2007
  • Umbrella policy for industrial infrastructural
    development
  • Generally for a period of 5 years
  • Sectoral policies emanate from IPR (Tourism, IT,
    BT, SEZ, PPP, etc)
  • IPR 2007 is uniquely configured and is leveraged
    upon
  • - Quality institutional support
  • - Infrastructure development
  • - Liberal incentives package
  • - Human resources augmentation
  • - Timely responsive grievance redressal

64
Share of Registered Unregistered Manufacturing
  • Share of registered unregistered manufacturing
    in GSDP 2004-05 ()
  • Source CSO, 2006

65
Inflation
  • Inflation measured by CPI for urban non-manual
    employees ()
  • Source Labour Bureau
  • Note Financial year averages

66
Choudwar Auto Complex
  • Choudwar is located on NH42 that connects to NH5
    (Kolkata Chennai) with western part of Orissa.
    It is at a distance of 3 kilometres from River
    Mahanadi, 10 kilometres from Cuttack city, 6
    kilometres from the nearest railway station
    Nirgundi, 38 kilometres from the airport in
    Bhubaneswar, 90 kilometres from the existing
    Paradeep port
  • The industrial estate is spread over an area of
    412 acres and is well-planned with earmarked
    plots for allocation to SMEs. The internal
    infrastructure including roads, power supply and
    water supply have been developed
  • Most of the workforce of existing industries
    resides in Cuttack city which offers excellent
    residential facilities, healthcare, educational
    services and an economic cost of living

67
PRESENTATION ON STEEL SCENARIO
OF THE STATE OF ORISSA

68
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
69
INVESTMENT
70
PARTIAL PRODUCTION
71

PARTIAL PRODUCTION
72

PARTIAL PRODUCTION Contd....
73

CAPTIVE POWER PLANTAchievement
74
MEGA STEEL PLANT PROJECTS IN ORISSA
75
STATUS OF MEGA STEEL PLANT PROJECTS
76
MEGA STEEL PLANT PROJECTS IN ORISSA
77
OTHER STEEL PLANTS
78
EMPLOYMENT GENERATED
79
REVENUE GENERATED
80
Juggernaut
  • A force regarded as unstoppable, that will crush
    all in its path
  • Derived from the Sanskrit Jagannatha
  • One of the most famous of Indian temples is the
    Jagannath Temple in Puri, Orissa, which has the
    Ratha Yatra (chariot procession)
  • British contrived the word "Juggernaut" to refer
    to examples of unstoppable, crushing forces.
  • The Ratha Yatra now happens on an annual basis in
    places such as London, Paris, Toronto and New
    York.

81
Orissa Vital Statistics
  • Per capita income 2005-06 Rs. 13,979
  • Urban population 14.97
  • Literacy rate 63.08
  • Number of districts 30
  • Number of towns 138
  • Number of villages 51,350

82
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