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Women in Western Religion Today

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Specific women in western religions today ... 1 In some schools of theology, over 50% of the students are women. ... Women are not allowed to be rabbis/cantors, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women in Western Religion Today


1
Women in Western Religion Today
  • By Leslie Kincaid,
  • John Michael Reyes, Max Altshuld,
  • Subhan Ayoubi

2
Presentation Content
  • Rules of different branches of Judaism,
    Christianity, Islam
  • Specific women in western religions today
  • Scriptures and how they relate to change in each
    religion

3
Women in Christianity Today
  • Different branches different rules
  • Protestant
  • Women can be pastors
  • Women are treated equal to men in almost every
    aspect of the church
  • Orthodox
  • Cannot be priests
  • Cannot be any type of clergy

4
Women in Christianity Today
  • Roman Catholicism
  • Today have more leadership than before the 2nd
    Vatican Council
  • Women cannot be priests
  • Women can hold offices that are nearly equal to
    that of a priest
  • Because of the decline of priests, lay women
    (religious or laity) have stepped up to lead
    communities and organizations.

5
Women in Catholic Leadership
  • Elizabeth Lilly

- Paid, Professional Minister since 1981. -
Graduate of numerous universities in the
country - Appointed Administrator pro tem for
Sacred Heart Parish, Saratoga CA in 2002 -
Served on City-wide (Diocesan)
commissions Episcopal Master of Ceremonies since
1995 - Faculty for the Institute for Leadership
in Ministry (San José, CA) - National speaker for
the North American forum on the Catechumenate -
Founded lay leadership group for Diocese of San
José in 2001 - Minister of Parish Life
(2005-2006) Central parish leader who has overall
administrative and Catholic Charities of San José
Director of Community and Parish Partnerships
(2006 present)
6
Some Statistics
  • U.S. federal labor statistics indicate that the
    number of women who describe themselves as
    "clergy" increased from 16,408 in 1983 to 43,542
    in 1996. As of 1996, 1 in every 8 clergy is
    female in the U.S.
  • The percentage of female graduate students at
    229 North American Christian schools of theology
    has risen from 10 in 1972 to 30 in 1997. 1 In
    some schools of theology, over 50 of the
    students are women.
  • (http//www.religioustolerance.org/femclrg6.htm)

7
Advancement for WomenHow Far Have They Come?
  • Christianity
  • Ephesians 521 32 6 1 9
  • What is the Bible trying to say about the way
    people should treat one another?
  • Has this changed over time? How so?

8
Women in Judaism Today
  • Different branches different rules
  • Reform/Reconstructionism
  • Not uncommon to see female Rabbis or female
    Cantors.
  • Women can have equal roles in leading prayers,
    as well as reading Torah.
  • Conservative
  • Uncommon to see a female Rabbi/cantor, but not
    unheard of.
  • Men and women may be separated.

9
Women in Judaism Today
  • Orthodox
  • Women are not allowed to be rabbis/cantors,
  • Cannot read Torah, or even be on the Bima during
    services.
  • Women and men sit separately.

10
Advancement for Women in Judaism
  • Esther 1 12 20 shows how women were treated in
    the biblical days.
  • How has this changed for each Jewish denomination
    today?
  • Orange on the Seder Plate

11
Jewish Women in Leadership Today
  • Rabbi Melanie Aron of Congregation Shir Hadash in
    Los Gatos relayed a much more heartening story
    about a lay-led Reform community in Eastern
    Europe. Worshippers had grown to the point where
    they felt they needed a rabbi, so they selected
    one member of their community and sent her to
    rabbinical school.

12
Women in Islam Today
  • Women under Islam are fully emancipated
  • They enjoy all rights and privileges, that their
    counterparts-men have
  • Contrary to common belief,  women under Islam are
    not second grade members of community
  • They are entitled to all rights on the basis of
    equality-
  • -rights to property, speech, expression and
    even politics.
  • Women have played a vital role in all times, in
    peace and war.
  • Today, the modern Muslim woman is like any other
    women in the world, striding shoulder to
    shoulder, with man (Jacket).

13
  • Women, as well as men, are encouraged to become
    as educated as they can
  • There is nothing wrong with women becoming
    scholars
  • However, the right to have an official position
    in a mosque is disputed by many
  • Women Imams?

14
Advancement for Women in Islam
  • Recent events
  • On February 20, 2007 a female Pakistani minister,
    Zilla Huma Usman was shot dead by a Muslim man
    Mohammad Sarwar who stated "I have no regrets. I
    just obeyed Allahs commandment," adding that
    Islam did "not allow women to hold positions of
    leadership.

15
Leadership of Islamic Women
  • Benazir Bhutto
  • -first woman to lead a post-colonial Muslim state
  • -Bhutto was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan in
    1988
  • -controversey and corruption
  • -"When I first got elected, they said, 'A woman
    has usurped a man's place! She should be killed,
    she should be assassinated, she has committed
    heresy!'"--Bhutto
  • -I had faith in myself. I had always felt that I
    could become Prime Minister if I wanted."--Bhutto

16
Questions
  • In your opinion, in the three western religions
    today how have women become the more involved?
  • In which branch of Christianity are women allowed
    to become priests?
  • Why do people debate over women not being Imams?

17
  • In which more traditional practices are women
    kept separate for prayer today?
  • In which branch(s) of Judaism are women allowed
    to be on the Bima during prayer?
  • In which branch of Christianity can women and men
    hold equal leadership positions?
  • Can Jewish women be Rabbis or Cantors?

18
  • What did you find interesting about women in the
    three religions today?
  • According to Islam are women fully emancipated?
  • Are Muslim women allotted equal rights as men?

19
  • Other Questions??
  • The End
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