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Emergency Preparedness: Personal Responsibility Everybody Needs A Plan


This checklist is included in your handout, along with ICE and a Car Emergency Checklist. ... Exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emergency Preparedness: Personal Responsibility Everybody Needs A Plan

Emergency Preparedness Personal Responsibility
Everybody Needs A Plan
  • Margot Imdieke Cross, Accessibility Specialist
  • Minnesota State Council on Disability
  • 121 East 7th Place, Suite 107
  • Saint Paul, Minnesota 55101
  • 651.361.7800 (v/tty) 1.800.945.8913 (v/tty)

Be Prepared for Disasters
  • According to the National Organization on
    Disability (NOD), To be better prepared as a
    nation, we all must do our part to plan for
    disasters. Individuals with or without
    disabilities, can decrease the impact of a
    disaster by taking steps to prepare BEFORE an
    event occurs.

In addition,
  • People with disabilities are in the best
    position to know their abilities and needs
    before, during, and after a disaster.

Take Responsibility
  • According to the National Fire Protection
    Association (NFPA) Emergency Evacuation Planning
    Guide for People with Disabilities, All people,
    regardless of circumstances, have some obligation
    to be prepared to take action during an emergency
    and to assume responsibility for their own

for example,
  • Practice and planning do make a difference.
    During the 1993 bombing of the World Trade
    Center, a man with a mobility impairment was
    working on the 69th floor. With no plan in
    place, it took over six hours for him to evacuate
    the building.

  • In the 2001 attack on the World Trade, the
    same man had prepared himself to leave the
    building using assistance from others and an
    evacuation chair he had acquired and had under
    his desk. It took less than 90 minutes for him
    to evacuate the building the second time.

Helping Syndrome
  • If you tell someone often enough that they need
    assistance in completing a task he or she will
    begin to believe you.
  • Many people with disabilities have been lead to
    believe that in an emergency situation, they will
    play little if any role in their own survival.

Be Prepared!
  • Being prepared can have life saving benefits
    planning and practice do make a difference!

Everybody Needs A Plan

The General Categories of Disabilities include
  • Mobility
  • Low Vision/Blind
  • Deaf/Hard of Hearing
  • Speech
  • Cognitive
  • Mental Illness

The Four Elements of Evacuation Information That
People Need
  • Notification (What is the emergency?)
  • Way finding (Where is the way out?)
  • Use of the way (Can I get out by myself, or do I
    need help?)
  • Self
  • Self with device
  • Self with assistance
  • Assistance (What kind of assistance might I
  • Who
  • What
  • Where
  • When
  • How

Create a Plan
  • Apply the four elements of evacuation information
    to each person with a disability within the
    office, classroom or volunteer setting.
  • How will I be notified?
  • Is there a usable evacuation path?
  • Can I get out by myself or will I need help?
  • If I need assistance, what kind?
  • Who, what, where, when and how?

The Great Controversy
  • Defend in place Person goes to a designated
    area of refuge and waits for the first
  • Evacuate Person is immediately evacuated with
    everyone else. Either a direct, accessible route
    is identified or assistance is provided by other
  • Communicate!

Important Other Elements of An Evacuation Plan
  • Train Others train others in the office or
    classroom on how to assist you and then engage
    them, closest - first.
  • Adaptive Equipment research and secure
    emergency evacuation equipment that would be
    needed during an emergency.

What Other Devices Are Available?
  • Some evacuation devices and methods, including
    stair-descent devices and the wheelchair carry,
    require the assistance of others.

Plan and Practice!
  • How will you be notified?
  • How will you get out of the building?
  • Will you need assistance? If so,
  • What type of assistance will you need?
  • Are others available to assist you, if needed?
  • Are they trained?
  • Do you have any needed equipment?

Create a Plan In Your Home
  • Youre on your own (YOYO)
  • Meet with household members, neighbors or
    personal care assistant to discuss what would
    happen in an emergency.
  • Remember, when creating a plan in an emergency,
    close proximity is important.

Create a Plan
  • Discuss different types of emergencies
  • Tornado
  • Pandemic
  • Flood
  • Chemical spill
  • Determine what you will need to do to respond to
    each type of emergency.

  • Develop a network of people and communicate
    with them on what you would need in an emergency.
    Again remember - rely most on those closest to
  • Developing a network is a two-way street.

Plan Checklist
  • Arrange for a relative, friend or neighbor to
    check on you in an emergency.
  • Teach those who may need to assist you in an
    emergency on what to do
  • the best way to notify you of an emergency,
  • how to assist with a transfer,
  • how to do a blood pressure check,
  • how to assist with an insulin injection,
  • how to operate necessary equipment, etc.

Plan Checklist
  • Will you shelter in place or will you evacuate?
  • Shelter in place do you have enough water,
    food, medical supplies, pca support?
  • Evacuation do you have a transportation source,
    is the evacuation site accessible, do you have
    enough medical supplies, pca support?

Plan Checklist
  • Post emergency telephone numbers where you can
    find them, near the telephone or programmed into
    your cell phone.
  • Teach children and others in the household what
    to do, who to call and when.
  • Listen to a battery or crank-operated radio for
    emergency information.
  • Know where the flashlights are located.
  • Know where the First-Aid kit is located.

Plan Checklist
  • If you take medication or use supplies, make sure
    you have a weeks worth, if not more, available
    and travel ready.
  • Keep family records, medical records or other
    important documents in watertight, fireproof

Plan Checklist
  • Consider getting a medical alert system that will
    allow you to call for help if you are immobilized
    in an emergency.
  • Consider getting a medical ID bracelet or medical
    dog tags that state your disability.

Plan Checklist
  • Consider your transportation options do you have
    access to a vehicle.
  • Do you have a network of friends, family or
    neighbors that would be able to provide
    transportation in an emergency.
  • Does your transportation provider have resources
    available during an emergency.

Plan Checklist
  • Pick one out-of-state and one local friend or
    relative for family members to call if separated
    by disaster.
  • Pick two meeting places
  • A place near your home in case of a fire.
  • A place outside your neighborhood in case you
    cannot return home after a disaster.

Plan Checklist
  • Learn your communitys evacuation plan
  • Are the shelters accessible?
  • How will you secure a sign language interpreter?
  • Will guides or assistants be available?

Plan Checklist

Prepare a Go Plan Emergency Kit
  • Assemble supplies you might need in an
    evacuation. Store them in an easy-to-carry
    container such as a backpack or duffel bag.
  • This checklist is included in your handout,
    along with ICE and a Car Emergency Checklist.

Pandemic Influenza
  • Stay healthy Keep yourself in shape. Eat
    nutritious foods, dont smoke. Exercise
    regularly, and get enough sleep. And get a flu
    shot every fall, so youre protected against
    ordinary seasonal flu.

Respiratory Etiquette
  • Practice respiratory etiquette. Start
    developing habits that will help you avoid
    getting or spreading infectious diseases.
    Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or the
    upper part of your sleeve when you cough or
    sneeze. Dispose of the tissue afterwards. Wash
    your hands thoroughly and frequently. If you
    dont have access to soap and water, use an
    alcohol-based, waterless hand cleaner.
  • Minnesota Dept of Health

Stay Plan
  • Contact the agencies that provide services, such
    as direct support professional, skilled nurses,
    medical supplies, oxygen or food delivery service
    and make sure they have a plan for continuation
    of services during a pandemic.

Stay Plan Emergency Supplies
  • Find a space in your home to store your
    emergency supplies. There is a checklist in your
  • Be sure to contact your local public health
    department, common entry point at the county,
    center for independent living or MSCOD for
    additional information or assistance.

  • www.health.state.mn.us
  • www.disability.state.mn.us
  • www.DisasterHelp.gov
  • www.cdc.gov
  • www.hsem.state.mn.us
  • www.pandemicflu.gov
  • www.fema.org
  • www.codeready.org
  • www.noaa.gov
  • www.nod.org
  • www.PrepareNow.Org
  • www.ready.gov
  • www.redcross.org

Thank You
  • Much of the information was provided by
  • American Red Cross
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • National Organization on Disability
  • National Fire Protection Association
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