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POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics

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Comparison is the methodological core of scientific study of politics ... public attitudes toward politics and their role within the political system ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics


1
POL 102 Introduction to Comparative Politics
  • Instructor Dr. Gang Guo
  • E-mail gg_at_olemiss.edu

2
A Shrinking World
  • Events around the world affect us all
  • Globalization
  • how international economic, social, cultural, and
    technological forces are affecting events inside
    individual countries.
  • We live in a time of crisis
  • The world is changing significantly and quickly

3
Why we compare?
  • Alexis de Tocqueville
  • Democracy in America
  • Although I very rarely spoke of France in my
    book, I did not write one page of it without
    having her, so to speak, before my eyes
  • Without comparisons to make, the mind does not
    know how to proceed

4
Why we compare?
  • Comparison is fundamental to all human thought
  • Comparison is the methodological core of
    scientific study of politics
  • compare the past and present
  • compare experiences of various nations
  • develop explanation
  • test theories

5
How we compare?
  • Description of political phenomena
  • conceptual framework
  • Explanation of political phenomena
  • causal relationship
  • test theories
  • large numbers (large n) statistical studies
  • small numbers (small n) case studies
  • Prediction of political phenomena

6
Politics
  • public decisions
  • within a community
  • political system
  • authoritative
  • Power ability to get people or groups to do what
    they otherwise would not do
  • coercive means
  • force and monetary resources

7
Political system
  • System
  • interdependent parts and boundaries
  • Political system
  • set of institutions and agencies
  • government
  • political organizations (parties, interest
    groups)
  • formulate and implement collective goals of a
    society or of groups within it

8
(No Transcript)
9
State
  • State
  • a particular type of political system
  • has sovereignty (independent legal authority)
  • night watchman state
  • police state
  • welfare state
  • types and strength of states

10
Government
  • Government
  • organizations of individuals
  • authorized by formal documents
  • make binding decisions on behalf of a particular
    community
  • philosophical debates
  • why government exist?
  • state of nature

11
Government serve functions
  • community-building
  • nation
  • large-scale communities
  • common perceived identity
  • political culture
  • public attitudes toward politics and their role
    within the political system
  • political socialization

12
Government serve functions
  • providing security, law, and order
  • external security
  • national defense forces
  • internal security
  • police forces
  • government monopoly
  • protecting economic, social, and political rights

13
Government serve functions
  • promoting economic efficiency and growth
  • market failures in capitalist economies
  • property rights, competition, and information
  • undersupply of public goods
  • parks, roads, national defense, environment
  • negative externalities
  • environmental degradation
  • natural monopolies

14
social justice
  • redistribute resources
  • equal opportunities
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