Foul Recognition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Foul Recognition PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: d70fe-NjZlY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Foul Recognition


What about related misconduct? How is it communicated? ... Advantage and Misconduct ... Rarely allow advantage where the misconduct is worthy of a send-off ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:296
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 62
Provided by: james309
Learn more at:
Tags: foul | recognition


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Foul Recognition

Foul Recognition Dealing with Misconduct
  • For Experienced Officials
  • Spring 2005
  • James Keast
  • Instructor and Deputy Chief Assessor

Note Some materials including graphics
excerpted from USSF Instructional Materials used
with permission of Alfred Kleinaitis Manager of
Referee Development for the USSF. Contributions
of the USSF Education Team acknowledged and
What is needed for a foul?
In order to have a foul?
  • Ball needs to be in play
  • Offence must be against an opponent
  • Offence must happen on the field of play
  • except for deliberate handling.

What makes it a foul?
  • Careless
  • Reckless
  • Excessive Force
  • considered by the referee

Review Law 12 Penal Fouls
  • In a manner considered by the referee to be
    careless, reckless or using excessive force
  • kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
  • trips or attempts to trip an opponent
  • jumps at an opponent
  • charges an opponent
  • strikes or attempts to strike an opponent

More Penal Fouls
  • tackles an opponent to gain possession of the
    ball, making contact with the opponent before
    touching the ball
  • holds an opponent
  • spits at an opponent
  • handles the ball deliberately (except the
    goalkeeper within his own penalty area)

Technical Offences - Goalkeepers
  • Takes more than six seconds while controlling the
    ball with hands before releasing it
  • Touches the ball again with his hands after it
    has been released from his possession and has not
    touch any other player
  • Touches the ball with his hands after it has been
    deliberately played to him by a teammate
  • Touches the ball with his hands after he has
    received it directly from a throw-in take by a

Technical Offences
  • Plays in a dangerous manner
  • Impedes the progress of an opponent
  • Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball
    from his hands
  • Commits any other offence, not previously
    mentioned and for which play is stopped to
    caution or dismiss a player

  • What is Impeding?
  • What are the considerations in determining if the
    ball is being legally shielded?
  • What is playing distance?
  • Can a player be charged from behind who impedes?
  • When does impeding become holding?

Trifling Offences
  • IFAB Decision to Law V used to read
  • is the duty of the referee to penalize
    only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant
    whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches
    produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the
    part of the players and spoils the pleasure of
    the spectators.
  • This wording has been removed but the guidance
    remains good referees will avoid stopping play
    for trifling offences
  • In these instances do not apply advantage, simply
    dont make the call you may say
  • play on or nothing there or something similar
    just do not indicate or say advantage

  • Law 5 says
  • the Referee allows play to continue when the
    team against which the offence was committed will
    benefit from such an advantage
  • How long do we wait for advantage?
  • What if it doesnt happen?
  • What about related misconduct?
  • How is it communicated?
  • Play On, Advantage! or just Advantage with
    related arm signals

Unrealized Advantage
  • The Referee should wait 3-5 seconds for the
    advantage to be completely realized
  • If the anticipated advantage doesnt happen the
    Referee should stop the play and award the free
    kick for the original foul
  • Note the advantage might be a shot on goal (not
    the goal itself)
  • Or the ability to pass to teammate (not the
    completion of the pass)

Advantage and Misconduct
  • If advantage is applied when there was both a
    foul and also misconduct the Referee must deal
    with the misconduct at the next stoppage
  • Rarely allow advantage where the misconduct is
    worthy of a send-off
  • Especially if the send-off is for Violent Conduct

  • A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card
    if s/he commits any of the following seven
  • is guilty of unsporting behavior
  • shows dissent by word or action
  • persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
  • delays the restart of play

  • A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card
    if s/he commits any of the following seven
  • fails to respect the required distance when play
    is restarted with a corner kick or free kick
  • enters or re-enters the field without the
    referees permission
  • deliberately leaves the field without the
    referees permission

Examples of Unsporting Behavior
  • Commits a penal foul in a reckless manner
  • Commits a penal foul while tackling for the
    ball from behind (2005 side
    or front)
  • Commits a tactical foul designed to interfere
    with or impede an opposing teams attacking play
  • Commits an act deemed by the referee as
    bringing the game into disrepute
    aggressive attitude, inflammatory
    behavior, or taunting, removes shirt)

Examples of Unsporting Behavior
  • Pushes or holds (including holding the
    opponents uniform) to interfere with
    that opponents
    attacking play
  • Handles the ball deliberately to interfere with
    an opponents attacking play
  • Handles the ball deliberately to score a goal
  • Fakes an injury or exaggerates the seriousness of
    an injury

Examples of Unsporting Behavior
  • Fakes a foul (dives) or exaggerates the severity
    of a foul
  • Interferes with or prevents the goalkeeper from
    releasing the ball from his/her hands into play
  • Unfairly distracts or impedes an opponent
    performing a throw-in

Examples of Unsporting Behavior
  • Verbally distracts an opponent during play or at
    a restart
  • If identified as the kicker, engages in unfair
    deception while taking a penalty kick
  • Changes jerseys with the goalkeeper during play
    or without the referees permission
  • this is a mandatory caution for both players

Examples of Unsporting Behavior
  • Engages in trickery to circumvent the
    goalkeepers limitation on handling a ball played
    from a teammates foot (the defender who
    initiates the trickery is cautioned and the
    decision does not require that the goalkeeper
    actually handles the ball)
  • this is a mandatory caution whether it occurs
    during dynamic play or at a restart.

Show Dissent by Word or Action
  • Verbally or through action disputes or shows
    contempt for an officials decision
  • If playing as the goalkeeper, leaves the
    penalty area (not beckoned by the referee) to
    engage an official in debate regarding a decision

Managing Dissent
  • If you ignore dissent, game control will be
  • You must deal with all instances of dissent
  • Immediate complaint about a call or non-call is
    not really dissent, let the players express their
    opinion briefly
  • If it persists or is repetitive you must take

Options in Dealing with Dissent
  • Talk to the player quickly in passing
  • At a stoppage, take time to talk to the player
    where everyone can see
  • Warn
  • Caution

Caution Right Away.
  • Particularly loud dissent from players not
    involved in play or far away for example the
  • Visible signs of dissent
  • Anything that directly impacts your authority

Persistently Infringes the Laws of the Game
  • Repeatedly commits fouls or participates in a
    pattern of fouls directed at an opponent
  • Fails to start or restart play properly or
    promptly, having previously been warned
  • If playing as goalkeeper, wastes time, having
    previously been warned or penalized for this

What is a Pattern of Fouls
  • Players take turns getting the same opponent
    often the star player
  • Players take turns fouling every attacker who
  • This is persistent infringement of the Laws at
    the very least it is unsporting

Delays the Restart of Play
  • Kicks or throws the ball away or holds the ball
    to prevent a free kick, throw-in or corner kick
    restart by an opponent
  • Fails to restart play after being so instructed
    by the referee
  • Fails to return to the field upon conclusion of
    the mid-game break, fails to perform a kick-off
    when signaled by the referee, or fails to be in a
    correct position for a kick-off
  • Excessively celebrates a goal
  • Takes the ball after a goal

When to caution for delay or encroachment?
  • Players who step in front of a free kick just
    before the ball is played
  • Defenders who play the ball within 10 yards on a
    free kick
  • Players who kick the ball away after the whistle,
    especially when time is critical
  • Players who try and delay the kick-off after a
    goal by holding the ball
  • Any delays which impact game control

  • A player is sent-off and shown the red card if
    s/he commits any of the following seven offenses
  • is guilty of serious foul play
  • is guilty of violent conduct
  • spits at an opponent or any other person

  • A player is sent-off and shown the red card if
    s/he commits any of the following seven offenses
  • denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious
    goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling
    the ball (this does not apply to the goalkeeper
    within his/her own penalty area)
  • denies obvious goal scoring opportunity to an
    opponent moving towards the players goal by an
    offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty

  • A player is sent-off and shown the red card if
    s/he commits any of the following seven offenses
  • uses offensive, insulting or abusive language
    and/or gestures
  • receives a second caution in the same match

Recognizing Challenges
  • Not only must the Referee recognize fouls for
    fouls but he must also consider if there has been
    serious misconduct

When is a foul misconduct?
  • Where was contact made
  • Ankle
  • Knee
  • Thigh
  • High on the body
  • From where did tackle come?
  • Side
  • Front
  • Back
  • Where was the ball?
  • Had not arrived (early tackle)
  • As the ball arrives (well timed tackle)
  • After the ball had left (late tackle)
  • How serve was the contact
  • Reckless
  • Excessive force
  • Violent
  • Was this Serious Foul Play?
  • Intention of Players
  • Intimidate
  • Retaliate
  • Injure

Evaluation By the Referee
  • The referee must observe and consider if the foul
    is more than just a foul
  • We must correctly punish Serious Foul Play
  • A tackle from behind, which endangers the safety
    of an opponent, must be sanctioned as serious
    foul play
  • NEW 2005 tackles from the front and side too!

Intimidation and Retaliation
  • We must recognize control acts of Intimidation
    and Taunting
  • Minimally with a warning but likely with a
    caution for unsporting behaviour
  • We must deal with Retaliation
  • Minimally with a caution but likely with a send
    off for violent conduct or serious foul play
  • Clear attempts to injure must result in the
    player being sent off
  • Failing to deal with these events will destroy
    match control

  • The following examples come from Instructional
    Materials Prepared by the United States Soccer
  • Used with Permission from Alfred Kleinaitis
    (USSF, Director of Education and Development)

(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
Review of What Makes a Foul Misconduct
  • Point of contact
  • Direction where contact came from
  • Timing of contact
  • Severity of contact
  • Intent of contact
  • Result of contact

  • What is Gamesmanship?
  • The art or practice of using tactical maneuvers
    to further one's aims or better one's position.
  • Is Gamesmanship within the Laws of the Game?
  • Yes and no, gamesmanship can be both legal and

Examples of Gamesmanship
  • Comments from coaches and players before the
  • Last weeks referee was horrible, were glad to
    see you or
  • Watch 5 on their team hes always plays dirty
  • From the Players During the Game
  • Dissent
  • Delay of restart and other time wasting by
    goalkeeper, players and coaches
  • Players taking dives or faking
  • Encroachment on free kicks
  • Intimidation of opponents or match officials
  • Flattery of the Referee

Dealing with Gamesmanship
  • The Referee must always recognize Gamesmanship
    and deal with it appropriately
  • Ignoring gamesmanship will impact game control
  • Comments before the game are generally harmless
    so long as you are aware of what is going on
  • All gamesmanship during the game must be managed
    by the Referee
  • The higher the level of play the more difficult
    it is to recognize gamesmanship
  • We must be aware

Evaluating Gamesmanship
  • For each event
  • Were the Laws of The Game Infringed?
  • Was the Spirit of the Game Infringed?
  • Action by the Referee
  • Warnings to the players or coaches involved
  • Cautions for Unsporting Behaviour
  • In some cases no visible actions, the Referee may
    choose to do nothing and so long as he has not
    allowed the gamesmanship to impact his decisions
    this might be okay

Law Changes