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Survey on planning and design of innovation infrastructure and creative environments in Baltic Metro

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'The linkage between innovation policy and city planning incl. ... (as a locomotive) and bring a spill-over effect in the neighbourhood undergoing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Survey on planning and design of innovation infrastructure and creative environments in Baltic Metro


1
Net Effect Ltd
  • Survey on planning and design of innovation
    infrastructure and creative environments in
    Baltic Metropoles
  • Net Effect Ltd
  • Sampo Ruoppila, Dr.Soc.Sc. (urban studies)
  • Nina von Hertzen, MA (pol.sc.)
  • Helsinki University of Technology, Centre for
    Urban and Regional Studies
  • Panu Lehtovuori, Dr.Tech. (architecture)
  • Tallinn 6.11.2007

1
29.10.2007
2
Innovation and urban planning the linkage
  • The linkage
  • The linkage between innovation policy and city
    planning incl. spatial development in BaltMet
    Inno project means such strategies, development
    plans and measures related to land use, traffic
    and spatial development which affect, promote and
    enable the process of innovation, knowledge
    creation, and creativity in the metropolitan
    areas.
  • Innovation
  • An innovation is the implementation of a new or
    significantly improved product (good or service),
    or process, a new marketing method, or a new
    organisational method in business practices,
    workplace organisation or external relations.
    (OECD)

3
The on-going survey (1/2)
  • Analytical screening of existing urban or
    regional strategies which include elements
    related to development of innovation
    infrastructure, and innovative and creative
    environments
  • How are the innovation infrastructure and
    development of creative industries dealt with
    in the different strategy documents? What kinds
    of goals are set in the strategies? Are there
    major differences between the documents?
  • After analysing the strategies of four cities, a
    preliminary conclusion is that few strategies are
    explicit about the link (usually only science
    parks are mentioned within the context of
    innovation infrastructure, and reference to
    creative environments is often not explicit)

4
The on-going survey (2/2)
  • Case studies
  • Description and analysis of 25 cases in 11 cities
  • Site visits to 7 cities (á 2-4 case examples)
    Berlin (november), Copenhagen (done), Helsinki
    (on-going), Malmö (November), Riga (done),
    Stockholm (done), Tallinn (November)
  • Description and analysis of 1 case example from
    Oslo (on-going), St. Petersburg (undefined),
    Vilnius (November), Warsaw (undefined) on the
    development projects of Waterfront Areas,
    possibly with the focus on supporting cultural
    activities and/or creative industries
  • Question topics in the interviews basic data,
    location versus urban structure, analytical
    background of the project, strategic motivation,
    development process (agents, time span,
    challenges), international co-operation
  • Recommendations
  • Including at least 2 project plan drafts

5
Mapping the concepts
  • Since the field remains conceptually rather
    vague, the aim of this presentation is to provide
    you a preliminary list of concepts linking
    innovation and creative process to land-use
    development
  • These concepts are
  • innovative milieu
  • growth corridor
  • thematic corridor
  • opportunity area
  • creative city
  • campus
  • science park
  • living lab
  • cultural cluster
  • urban fallowfield
  • flagship project
  • For illustration we use both BaltMet cases and
    other examples

6

Mapping the concepts the axis
POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
To reach the necessary conceptual clarity, we
suggest approaching the spatial underpinning of
creativity and innovation along two axis, those
of scale and policy-intensity
SCALE
URBAN PROJECTS
7

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
(TRANS-)NATIONAL REGIONS
Innovative milieu
SCALE
Innovative milieu is a rather large spatial
area, e.g. a region, which has had better then
average economic success. According to Maillat,
the innovative milieu requires both hard
infrastructure (e.g. roads, universities) and
soft infrastructure (e.g. communication culture,
trust), which altogether explain economic
regeneration and innovations. Emilia Romagna in
Northern Italy is a classic example.
URBAN PROJECTS
8

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Medicon valley
SCALE
Example of Öresund regions strategy to establish
an innovative milieu
URBAN PROJECTS
9

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Region -metropolitan area
Growth corridor
SCALE
Regional entrepreneurial, innovation generating
area based around a particular traffic axis. For
instance ITC agglomeration around Route 128 in
Massachuset, near Boston.
URBAN PROJECTS
10

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Region - metropolitan area
Thematic corridor
SCALE
Thematic corridor (Helsinki Master Plan 1992),
Opportunity area (London Plan 2004) Planning
concepts that aim to support certain emerging
zones and direct attention and perhaps also
financial support towards them. E.g. the Art and
Science axis in Helsinki
URBAN PROJECTS
11

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
City
Creative city
SCALE
Creative city A concept of cultural planning that
refers to a possibility to create a positive
(upward) spiral in a post-industrial city by
using the cultural resources broadly and
creatively (Bianchini). E.g. the City of Culture
-projects.
URBAN PROJECTS
12

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Campus A concentration of university functions
(and enterprises working broadly in the same
field) outside of the core city.
SCALE
Campus
District - neighbourhood
URBAN PROJECTS
13

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Science park A concentration of high-tech
companies with common support services. Usually a
planned one. These tend to locate in green field
areas (but not necessarily).
SCALE
Science park
District - neighbourhood
URBAN PROJECTS
14

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Thematic district A city district or
neighbourhood developed under a common theme or
with reference to certain actors, usually
referring to urban regeneration. For instance
Temple Bar in Dublin, Design District in
Helsinki, or SoFo in Stockholm.
SCALE
Thematic district
District - neighbourhood
URBAN PROJECTS
15

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Living lab A city district or otherwise
geographically framed area, in which the
inhabitants or enterprises are used as a service
developers in (commercial) RD processes. For
instance Arabianranta in Helsinki.
SCALE
Living lab
District - neighbourhood
URBAN PROJECTS
16

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Cultural cluster Any concentration of cultural
activity, though usually geographically a rather
small one with clear and perceivable bounders.
For instance Tilburg Pop Cluster, Helsinkis
Cable Factory, or Meat City in Copenhagen.
SCALE
Cultural cluster
URBAN PROJECTS
17

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Urban fallowfield Term used in real estate
development. Refers to leaving a property or
larger area as it is. Cheap rent and
attractively robust milieu provide possibilities
for new and temporary actors possibilities that
otherwise would not exist. Usually a temporal
phase in the development cycle. For instance
Northern Quarter in Manchester.
SCALE
Urban fallowfield
URBAN PROJECTS
18

POLICY INTENSITY
CONSTRUCTED POLICIES AND BRANDING INITIATIVES
FOUND REALITIES
TRANS-NATIONAL REGIONS
Flagship project A singular building, for
instance a major cultural institution, which is
aimed to show the way of development (as a
locomotive) and bring a spill-over effect in the
neighbourhood undergoing urban regeneration.
E.g. the new city library in Marseille, or the
construction of national library and new concert
hall on the left bank of Daugava river in Riga
SCALE
Flagship project
URBAN PROJECTS
19
The role of planning
  • Inevitably these are also spatial land-use
    issues, but the role of urban planning is rather
    to recognize, facilitate and enable them to take
    place than to initiate the social processes
    behind the phenomena
  • The three major tasks of urban planners thus are
  • To facilitate the spatial prerequisites of most
    important actors (e.g. universities, research
    institutes, start-up companies etc.) through good
    traffic connections, accessibility in all forms
    etc.
  • To establish, allow or enable suitable cheap
    spaces for starting companies in creative
    industries (music, graphic design etc.). The
    formation of such spaces is often connected to
    urban regeneration changing uses of former
    industrial areas or equivalent. To maintain the
    low rent is a typical problem, since clusters of
    creative industries tend to attract also
    developers, which causes price pressure. Refined
    policies of actively letting it be (at least
    partly) are needed.
  • In both cases above, and more generally, to put a
    new emphasis on creating culturally attractive,
    socially central environments with inviting
    public spaces. A perceived attractive urban
    environment is a major feature pulling-in the
    demanded activity above.

20
Completing the survey
  • Next steps in the survey
  • Analysis of the remaining cases (November)
  • Writing the report, including recommendations and
    project ideas (November-early December)
  • Sources for the recommendations and project ideas
  • Best practices
  • Project ideas based on thematic actor networks
  • New ideas emerging from missing elements of the
    analysed cases when these are compared to the
    literature
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