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Song Literature: Ci poetry ... Most prolific Song author o

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Song Literature: Ci poetry ... Most prolific Song author of lyrics; 626 survive. Lyrics show passion and advocacy of patriotism ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Song Literature: Ci poetry ... Most prolific Song author o


1
Song Literature Ci poetry
  • Also called lyric song, lyric meter written for
    performance
  • first appeared in the later Tang, probably in the
    8th century,
  • became popular in the Song often reflected daily
    life in the Song

Bathing Babies, Anonymous, Song, on silk fan,
Freer Museum, USA
2
In Chinese, one does not speak of "writing" ci
but of "filling in" ci that is, "filling in
lyrics" to a known melody. Lyrics are identified
by the title of the tune prefaced with "to,
e.g., To the tune of Washing Creek Sand.
Right Eighteen Scholars (in the Tang),
anonymous, Song , National Palace Museum, Taipei,
Taiwan
3
Ci Poetry Characteristics
  • lyric songs before the 11th century
  • Authored by men but performed by hired women
    singers at parties
  • A situation of men writing words, often in the
    voices of women, to be sung back to them.
  • treated events in their daily lives, often
    emotional

Entertaining Kids with theatrical performance
by Su Hanchen, Song
4
  • Nature
  • A poetry of elegance, languor and
    sentimentality--regarded as the most refined of
    all Chinese literary forms, the only one capable
    of articulating melancholy and a certain kind of
    erotica.
  • Song authors broadened the content of ci, using
    it to narrate events in contemporary urban life
  • Structure
  • has "tune patterns," a matrix containing a set
    number of lines of given length, rhymes in fixed
    positions, and tonal requirements at certain
    positions in each lines
  • Lines of varying length to fit the irregular,
    melodic pattern

5
Famous Ci Poets before the Song
  • Wen Tingyun (812-872)
  • Probably the best of the ci poets in the Tang,
    who inspired many Song ci writers.
  • Wei Zhuang (836-910)
  • Probably the best ci poet in the end of the Tang
    dynasty

6
Examples of tune patterns
  • The Moon over the West River (???xi jiang yuè )
  • Wind through Pines (???feng rù song )
  • Deva-like Barbarian (Bodhisattva Barbarian)
    (???pú sà mán )
  • Telling the Inner Most Feelings (???sù zhong
    qíng )
  • Song of Picking Mulberry (???cai sang zi )
  • Joy of Eternal Union (???yong yù lè )
  • Dreaming of the South (???wàng jiang nán )
  • Lotus-leaf Cup (???hé yè bei )

7
To the Tune West of the Little Marketby Liu
Yong
  • Im thinking of someone
  • Sweet face, just sixteen
  • Born beautiful
  • She has got to be a minx.
  • Where she is most remarkable
  • Is when she laughs and her dimples show.
  • She has a hundred ways and a thousand charms,
  • And the more you embrace her
  • The more sweet and slippery she gets

8
To the Tune West of the Little Marketby Liu
Yong
  • (Cont)
  • Ive neglected her a long time.
  • Last night in a dream
  • We made love
  • Like old times.
  • Then just when I was happy
  • The cock next door woke me up.
  • Everything was quiet
  • But I could not get back to sleep
  • The setting moon outside my window was wasted.

9
  • Woman poet Li Qingzhao (ca.1084?-1151)
  • The greatest woman poet of Song times and
    perhaps in all of Chinese history
  • Not only a poet, but also an erudite scholar,
    connoisseur, bibliophile, collector of antiques,
  • Her poems are characterized by the use of
    onomatopoetic expressions.

By Wang Shen, Song Women and Morning Mirror On
silk
10
To the Tune of EverySound Slowlyby Li
Qingzhao
  • Search. Search. Seek. Seek.
  • Cold. Cold. Clear. Clear.
  • Sorrow. Sorrow. Pain. Pain. Pity. Pity.
  • Times of hot flashes and sudden chills.
  • Its hard to come to rest.
  • Three cups, two bowls of tasteless wine,
  • How should he late burst in like a gust of wind?
  • Wild geese fly, wrenching my heart.
  • Really, from old days we know each other.

11
Li Qingzhao(cont)
  • Golden flowers pile up on the ground,
  • Faded, dead.
  • Who would pick them now?
  • All alone, waiting at my window,
  • How does it become dark?
  • The wutong tree blend drizzling rain.
  • Until dusk falls. Drip. Drip. Drop. Drop.
  • This condition, can the mere word melancholy
    suffice?

12
  • To the tune of Deva-like Barbarian
  • Blossom bright, the moon dark, shadowed in thin
    mist,
  • Tonights just right for making my way to you---
  • In stocking feet she goes out by the scented
    stairs,
  • Holding in her hand her gold-threaded slippers
  • On the south side of the painted hall she sees
    him,
  • Clings to him for a time, trembling---
  • Its so hard for me to slip away,
  • tonight you may love me any way you please!

13
Village Physician, by Li Tang, Southern Song,
on silk, National Palace Musuem, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Su Shi (Su Dongpo,1037-1101)
  • The best of the Song ci poets
  • Brought ci to a great height and new frontier
  • Style is generally masculine
  • Most widely read Song of River City, Prelude
    to Water Music, Immortal at the River

14
Prelude to Water Music (????) by Su Shi (On
Mid-autumn night of the year bingchen (1076), I
drank merrily until dawn, got very drunk and
wrote this poem, all the while thinking longingly
of Ziyou.) Bright moon, when did you
appear? Lifting my wine, I question the blue
sky. Tonight in the palaces and halls of
heaven What year is it, I wonder? I would like to
ride the moon, make my home there, Only I fear in
porphyry towers, under jade eaves, In those high
places the cold would be more than I could
bear. So I rise and dance and play with your pure
beams, Though this human worldhow can it compare
with yours?
?????? ?????? ??????,?????? ??????,??????,?????? ?
????, ??????
15
Circling my red chamber Low in the curtained
door You light my sleeplessness Surely you bear
us no ill will Why then must you be so round at
times when we humans are parted? People have
their grieves and joys, their joinings and
separations, the moon its dark and clear times,
its roundings and waning. As ever in such
matters, things are hardly the way we wish. I
only hope we may have long long lives, May share
the moons beauty, though a thousand miles apart.
???, ???, ???? ????, ???????? ??????, ??????, ????
?? ?????, ???????
16
  • Lu You (1125-1210)
  • Most prolific poet in Chinese history left
    behind nearly ten thousand poems in his
    collection
  • Noted for his passionate patriotism
  • Phoenix Hairpin
  • Xin Qiji (1140-1207)
  • Most prolific Song author of lyrics 626 survive
  • Lyrics show passion and advocacy of patriotism
  • Tended to divorce the metrical patterns of the
    genre from their earlier musical background
  • Ugly Rouge

17
Pure Serene Music by Li Qingzhao Year after
year in the snow Always wed pick plum blossoms,
drunk as we were, Shattering every clusterwhat
did we care?--- And their clear tears fell all
over our clothes. This year by seas bend, skys
boarder, Lonely, lonely, gray invading both
temples, I watch, as evening comes, the wind
rising And know that I ll be hard put to
discover a single blossom
??? ????, ?????, ??????, ??????!
??????, ??????? ??????, ???????
18
Women in the Song
  • literacy increased in female population
  • Women had more opportunities to receive education
  • Educated women became writing women
  • Women joined mercantile circles
  • Women became active business people

Bodhisattva Guanyin by Jia Shigu, Southern
Song, National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
19
  • Efforts were made to curb womens influence and
    their increasing power
  • Ideas and rules of chastity were imposed on
    women
  • Confucians pushed public recognition of the
    virtue of female chastity
  • Ideas of a woman does not serve two husbands
    became widely accepted, although women were
    allowed to remarry

Powdered Ladies, by Su Hanchen, Song, Boston
Art Musuem
20
  • Song womens status changed because of marriage
  • Women were given lavish dowry when they were
    married to scholarly families
  • Books on family rules written to limit womens
    freedom
  • Yuan Cais family rules Women should not take
    part in affairs outside the home

Four Beauties, anonymous, Song, color on silk
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