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The Declaration of Independence

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'The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. ... Jefferson, a tall redhead from Virginia, coupled his own ideas with those he had ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Independence


1
The Declaration of Independence
  • Carolyn Moore
  • E.P. Todd Elementary School
  • November 9, 2003

2
  • The Revolution was effected before the war
    commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and
    hearts of the people
  • John Adams
  • Colonial Leader from
    Massachusetts

3
  • For many years, colonists living in America
    were content under British rule. Even though each
    colony had a royal governor to oversee the
    government, Parliament allowed colonial
    legislatures to make some of the laws that
    affected them.
  • In the late 1700s, this began to change.

4
Problems with Parliament
  • Costs of French and Indian War
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Greater authority of colonial governors
  • Sugar Act
  • Stamp Act
  • Intolerable Acts

5
The Colonists React
  • Letters and petitions to the King
  • Boycotts
  • Boston Tea Party
  • Committees of Correspondence
  • First Continental Congress

6
  • I know not what course others may take, but as
    for me, give me liberty or give me death!
  • Patrick Henry
  • Virginia House of Burgesses
  • March 1775

7
  • After the fighting at Lexington and Concord, a
    Second Continental Congress was called. It met in
    Philadelphia in May, 1775. Congress petitioned
    for peace and prepared for war.
  • By 1776, after a year of fighting,
    independence was on the minds of many colonists.

8
  • June 2, 1776
  • Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and
    of right ought to be Free and Independent States
    that they are absolved from all allegiance to the
    British Crown and that all political connection
    between them and the State of Great Britain is,
    and ought to be, totally dissolved
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • Delegate from Virginia
  • With this resolution from the colony of
    Virginia, the Second Continental Congress began
    official debate on independence

9
  • June 11, 1776
  • A writing committee is created to draft a
    document which, if approved, would declare
    independence from Great Britain.
  • Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, John
    Adams, Roger Sherman, and Thomas Jefferson form
    the committee.

10
  • The committee entrusted the writing of the
    document to Thomas Jefferson.
  • Jefferson, a tall redhead from Virginia,
    coupled his own ideas with those he had learned
    from his reading to write what became the
    Declaration of Independence.

11
Jefferson's Rough Draft of the Declaration of
Independence

12
  • July 2, 1776
  • After a month of debate, in a unanimous vote,
    Congress approves Virginias resolution for
    independence.
  • This vote changed the American colonies into
    the United States of America.

13
  • July 3, 1776
  • Congress debates the Declaration of
    Independence.
  • Jeffersons original text is discussed and
    argued, and changes are made.

14
  • July 4, 1776
  • Congress adopts the Declaration of
    Independence. The final version of the document
    contains four distinct parts, each with its own
    purpose
  • Preamble
  • Statement of Rights
  • Charges Against the King
  • Statement of Independence

15
The Signing of the Declaration of Independence
16
  • July 8, 1776
  • The Liberty Bell is rung at the State House in
    Philadelphia, and the Declaration of Independence
    is read to the public for the first time.

17
  • In a letter to his wife, John Adams described
    how he thought the occasion of the birthday of a
    new nation should be celebrated
  • It ought to be solemnized with pomp and
    parade, with shows, games, sports, bells,
    bonfires, from one end of this continent to the
    other, from this time forward for evermore.

18
References
  • Boehm, Richard. et al. Early United States.
  • Orlando Harcourt Brace and Company,2000.
  • Fink, Sam. The Declaration of Independence. New
    York Scholastic Inc. 2002.
  • Fradin, Dennis Brindell. The Signers. New York
    Scholastic Inc. 2002.
  • All images from the American Memory Collection,
    The Library of Congress
  • Sound from 2000 Music Clips, rights purchased
    from Media Graphics International, 1998.
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