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Pesticide Facts: Regulatory Controls

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PCO General - any residential or commercial building site for indoor or ... Art Antonelli - Urban/Livestock Entomologist. Doug Walsh - Agricultural IPM Specialist ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pesticide Facts: Regulatory Controls


1
Pesticide Facts Regulatory Controls
  • Carol Ramsay
  • Pesticide Education Specialist

2
State Pesticide Regulators
  • WA Dept. of Agriculture (WSDA)
  • Product Registration
  • Pesticide Compliance
  • Applicator Licensing
  • WA Dept. of Ecology (DOE)
  • Special permits for applying any pesticide into
    water (Dept. of Health)

3
Laws regarding pesticide sales and use
  • Federal
  • FIFRA - Federal Insecticide, Fungicide,
    Rodenticide Act
  • US EPA - delegated state authority to WA Dept.
    of Agriculture (WSDA)
  • State
  • RCW 15.58 and WAC 17.21
  • General Rules related to Pesticide Use
  • Administered by WA Dept. of Agriculture

4
Testing Prior to Registration
  • Manufacturer conducts tests
  • EPA scientists review data make decisions on
    approval of the labeled product
  • Efficacy or performance
  • Acute and chronic toxicity
  • Degradation and mobility
  • Environment and wildlife
  • Residue testing (food feed crops)

5
WSDA Pesticide Registration
  • General Use products
  • Home and garden products
  • Professional grade products
  • Restricted Use products for professionals
  • Because of human health or environmental concerns
  • Restricted Use by US EPA
  • Restricted Use by WSDA

6
Mosquito Pesticides
  • Home and Garden products
  • Aquatic larvicides exempt from Restricted Use
    status
  • Adulticides
  • Professional Use products
  • Aquatic larvicides
  • ALL RESTRICTED USE in WA
  • All uses require application by a certified
    applicator and a pollutant discharge permit
  • Adulticides

7
Mosquito Control Products
Remember All non home garden LARVICIDES
are Restricted Use
  • Adulticides
  • Repellants
  • Knockdown and Kill
  • Larvicides
  • Petroleum oils
  • Insect growth regulators
  • Microbial (bacteria)
  • Organophosphates

8
Restricted Use Pesticide
  • Can only be purchased by a Certified Applicator
    or their authorized agent
  • Can only be used by a Certified Applicator or
    person under their direct supervision

9
WSDA Applicator Licensing
  • Examination process to document ability of person
    to understand
  • Pesticide laws
  • Label comprehension
  • Human health and environmental safety
  • Proper pesticide handling practices
  • IPM basics
  • Pest management overview

10
Certified Applicators in WA
  • Public Operator
  • Commercial Applicator/Operator
  • Private-Commercial Applicator
  • Private Applicator
  • NOT consultants or dealers

11
Public Operator
  • Works for public agency or public utility (city,
    county, state, federal)
  • License only valid for work being done on the
    job with that agency. Not valid if not employed
    or not working for agency.
  • Can provide advice as well

12
Commercial Applicator/Operator
  • Commercial Applicator
  • Head of business - Joint license for a single
    person, can provide advice as well
  • Certified in all categories for which the company
    does business
  • Commercial Operator
  • Employed by a Commercial Applicator
  • Exam endorsement for areas in which they work
  • Only valid while employed
  • Can provide advice as well

13
Private-Commercial Applicator
  • Applies to private property (owner or employee)
    that does not produce an agricultural commodity.
  • Apartment complex, housing association,
    commercial building grounds manager
  • Private golf course grounds manager
  • Tribal nations, non agriculture

14
Private Applicator
  • Owner or employee of farm, dairy, ranch, forest,
    nursery, or greenhouse
  • Producing an agricultural commodity or associated
    non-cropland

15
Who must be certified to APPLY?
  • Any person applying or supervising the use of a
    restricted use pesticide
  • Any person who is in the business of applying
    pesticides (for hire)
  • Any public employee who applies general use
    pesticides through power equipment

16
Who must be certified to CONSULT?
  • Any person who provides advice regarding the
    selection or use of any non-home and garden
    pesticide
  • Public Consultant (i.e. WSU employees)
  • Commercial Consultant
  • Dealer-Manager (within distribution facility)
  • Public or Commercial Applicators/Operators can
    consult

17
Mosquito Control Exams and Endorsements Required
  • Public, Commercial, Private-Commercial
  • Statewide Pest Control (PHPC)
  • Public Health Pest Control
  • Larvicides into water
  • Adulticides
  • Aquatic Pest Control
  • Larvicides into water
  • Adulticides (assoc. w/ aquatic situations)
  • only categories which allow larviciding

Applicators Operators Consultants
Must pass Laws Safety Exam
18
  • Exams/Endorsement for Adulticides only Public,
    Commercial, and Private-Commercial
  • Agric. Insect Disease - any agricultural site
    allowed by label
  • Turf Ornamental Insect Disease - any turf or
    ornamental site allowed by label
  • PCO General - any residential or commercial
    building site for indoor or perimeter spray
    treatments allowed by label
  • Livestock Pest Control - on and around livestock

19
Mosquito Control Exams and Endorsements Required
  • Private farm, forest, nursery, greenhouse
  • Private applicator - Adulticides, or larvicides
    into water wholly-contained on their agricultural
    property
  • Private applicator plus Aquatic Pest Control -
    larvicides into water that moves off the
    property

20
WSDA Exam Locations
  • Yakima or Olympia - Every Tuesday
  • Other WSDA Offices
  • Spokane, Wenatchee, Mt. Vernon
  • Monthly - check website
  • Moses Lake - bimonthly
  • Private Applicator only - some county Extension
    Offices for a 10 exam fee

1-877-301-4555 press 1, 1, 1 to location
21
Annual Pesticide License Fees
22
Maintain License
  • Annual fee - renewal notice in November, reports
    recertification credits as well
  • Recertification requirements
  • Private Applicator - 20 credits in 5 years, not
    to exceed 8 in any single year
  • All others - 40 credits in 5 years, not to exceed
    15 in any single year
  • Examination option - every 5 years

23
Pesticide Compliance
  • Must follow all label directions and precautions
  • Can only use on sites listed on the label
  • It is a violation of federal law to use this
    product in a manner inconsistent with its
    labeling.
  • Chemical trespass concerns

24
Pesticide Compliance
  • School and Day Care notification and posting
    rules are in effect for public health pesticide
    applications
  • Landscape posting rules not in effect for public
    health pesticide applications
  • Senstive Person Registry Notification rules not
    in effect , but I would encourage it

25
Any questions regarding WSDA requirements?
  • Onto WA Dept. of Ecology NPDES Permit

26
Laws regarding placing any pesticide into water
  • Federal - Clean Water Act
  • US EPA - delegate state authority to WA Dept. of
    Ecology (DOE)
  • State - RCW 90.48.020
  • Administered by WA Dept. of Ecology
  • 9th Circuit Court of Appeals did not exempt
    applicators from the need to obtain a permit to
    discharge pesticides into water

27
NPDES Permit
  • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
    permit
  • Exempts applicator from any liability stemming
    from a legal pesticide application into water
    that followed the guidelines of the NPDES permit
    for that application

28
Aquatic Mosquito Control NPDES Permit
  • WA Dept. of Ecology general permit covering
    larvicide applications into water for control of
    mosquito larvae
  • WA Dept. of Health joined DOE permit for public
    health control

29
Aquatic Mosquito Control NPDES Permit
  • Entities can apply to DOH to become part of the
    NPDES permit
  • It may fall to your local health district
  • Entities mosquito control districts,
    municipalities, school districts, counties,
    public agencies, home owner associations, private
    firms, farms, etc (the landholder).

30
NPDES Permit Requirements (1)
  • Annual application fee - 310
  • Covered, if through Dept. of Health
  • 38 days pre-application public notification
  • Covered, if through Dept. of Health
  • Education and outreach
  • Covered, if through Dept. of Health
  • SEPA (State Envir. Policy Act) review
  • Covered, if through Dept. of Health

31
NPDES Permit Requirements (2)
  • Adopt IPM/BMP measures in Ecologys Best
    Management Practices for Mosquito Control
  • http//www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/ pesticides/fina
    l_pesticide_permits/ mosquito/mosquitocontr-bmpsfi
    nal.pdf
  • Or
  • Submit your own IPM/BMPs measures with your
    application for approval

IPM
32
NPDES - IPM basis
  • Minimize contact with people and mosquito
    breeding sites
  • Monitoring mosquito populations and disease
    incidence
  • May be mosquito species-specific
  • Establish action thresholds for control
  • Mosquito treatment using IPM

33
NPDES - BMP basis for small areas of concern
  • Conduct education and outreach to areas of
    control
  • Eliminate mosquito breeding sites (standing
    water)
  • Use of repellants
  • Protections for domestic animals
  • Track avian, equine, and human surveillance data
  • Action thresholds and IPM strategies

34
NPDES BMP basis for wide-areas of concern
  • New construction sites, drainage and water
    treatment facilities, residential and commercial
    occupants, farms, and irrigation districts

35
NPDES BMP basis for wide-areas of concern
  • Education and outreach to areas of control
  • Minimize mosquito breeding sites
  • Use of repellants
  • Protections of domestic animals
  • Repellants and vaccines
  • Track avian, equine, and human surveillance data
  • Action thresholds and IPM strategies

36
DOE Permitted Larvicides
  • Monomolecular surface film - (suffocation)
  • Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (bacteria)
  • Bacillus sphaericus (bacteria)
  • Methoprene (arthropod-specific growth regulator)
  • Petroluem distillates
  • Temephos (organophosphate)
  • Malathion (organophosphate)

Must be registered in WA and approved by DOE
37
Any questions regarding WA Dept. of
Ecology (Dept. of Health) NPDES permits?
  • Onto WSU Pesticide Resources

38
WSU Pesticide Education
  • Web site
  • http//pep.wsu.edu
  • Schedule for Pre-license courses
  • Schedule for Recertification course
  • Special courses and conferences
  • Fact Sheets
  • Pesticide Licensing for Professional Mosquito
    Control
  • Prevention and Control of Mosquitoes
  • Link to WSDA, WSPRS, DOH-WNV

39
Study Manuals for Licensing
  • WA Pesticide Laws and Safety, MISC0056 - for
    everyone except private applicators
  • Categories have similar names
  • Public Health Pest Control exam Public Health
    Pest Control manual, WSU Extension publication
    MISC0151
  • Order from Extension Bulletins Office
  • Toll free phone 1-800-723-1763
  • Website http//pubs.wsu.edu/

40
Public Health Pest Control Licensing Short
Courses
  • Laws Safety, plus Public Health Pest Control
  • 2-day with exam --gt April 15,16
  • Public Health Pest Control
  • 1-day with exam
  • July and August in Eastern Western WA
  • Carol Ramsay, contact ramsay_at_wsu.edu
  • http//pep.wsu.edu

41
Pesticide Personnel at WSU
  • Carol Ramsay - Pesticide Education Specialist
  • Carrie Foss - Community IPM Coordinator
  • Catherine Daniels - Pest Mgmt. Resource Manager
  • Art Antonelli - Urban/Livestock Entomologist
  • Doug Walsh - Agricultural IPM Specialist
  • Allan Felsot - Environmental Toxicologist

42
WSU - WNV Web Site links http//wnv.wsu.edu
  • Pesticide Education Program http//pep.wsu.edu
  • WSDA Pesticide Licensing http//www.wa.gov/agr/Pes
    tFert/LicensingEd/default.htm
  • WA Dept. of Ecology NPDES permit http//www.ecy.wa
    .gov/programs/wq/pesticides/index.html
  • WA Dept. of Health West Nile Virus http//www.doh.
    wa.gov/ehp/ts/Zoo/WNV/WNV.html

43
Pesticide Education Program
Thank You for Your Participation
Carol Ramsay
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