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Classroom Management

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Leading Theories. Classroom. Management. Leaders in the field. Kounin. Jones ... Listen to music (with earphones) Ginott. Cooperation Through Communication ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classroom Management


1
Classroom Management
Leading Theories
2
Leaders in the field
  • Kounin
  • Jones
  • Ginott
  • Dreikers
  • Canter
  • Skinner
  • Glasser

3
Kounin
  • Conducted studies examining the
  • influence of certain teacher behaviors
  • on the tendencies of students to be
  • on-task (K-college)
  • Withitness
  • Organization

4

Withitness
  • Teacher consistently takes action to suppress
    misbehaviors of exactly those students who
    instigated the problems
  • When 2 discipline problems arise concurrently,
    the teacher typically deals with the more serious
    one first.
  • Teacher decisively handles instances of off-task
    behaviors before the behaviors either get out of
    hand or are modeled by others

5
Response to misbehaviors
  • How does a teachers handling of one students
    behavior affect the behavior of other students?
  • When a teachers response to a students
    misbehavior includes anger, threats, physical
    handling or indications of stress, other students
    become anxious and nervous but the chances that
    they will exhibit the misbehavior themselves in
    the future are not reduced.

6
Organization/management
  • On-task behavior dependent upon
  • how smoothly teachers move from one learning
    activity to another
  • how efficient they are
  • how well momentum is maintained.

7
Reduce Boredom/Increase engagement in
learning activities
  • Keeping students apprised about what they were
    accomplishing as lesson progresses
  • Interjecting challenges for students at different
    stages of the lesson
  • Using a variety of approaches in learning
    activities

8
Jones
  • 50 of allocated time is lost because of off-task
    behaviors
  • 99 of off-task behaviors take one of several
    forms

9
  • Students typically either talk out of turn,
    clown, daydream, or move about without permission
  • Antisocial, dangerous behaviors represent only
    minute proportion of the time that students spend
    off-task
  • Massive time wasting is epidemic in schools

10
Jones Suggestions
  • Body Language
  • Incentive systems for students
  • Efficient individual help for students

11
Body Language and proximity
  • Eye contact
  • Facial expressions
  • Gestures
  • Physical proximity to students
  • The way your carry yourself
  • Calm control
  • Plan activities that allow you to roam among the
    students

12
Incentives
  • Free time to watch video
  • Have free time to talk or play a game
  • Listen to music (with earphones)

13
Ginott
  • Cooperation Through Communication
  • Teachers should verbalize to students
    descriptions of situation and behaviors but never
    value judgments about individuals themselves
  • Avoid Labels
  • Praise students work and desirable behaviors, not
    individuals
  • Focus on the behavior to be changed

14
Dreikurs
  • Teachers who fail to establish and enforce rules
    for conduct leave their students confused and
    lacking in guidance for being on-task

15
Democratic Classrooms
  • Have a voice in the determination of rules
  • Suffer the logical consequences of their own
    misbehaviors rather than submit to arbitrary
    punishment
  • Are motivated to be on-task because of the
    intrinsic benefits derived from being on-task

16
Mistaken Beliefs about Social Acceptance
  • Students misbehaviors are attributable to
    mistaken beliefs about how to obtain the
    recognition they seek.
  • Attention getting
  • Power seeking
  • Revenge seeking
  • Displaying inadequacy

17
Attention-Seeking
  • Prefer being punished, admonished, or criticized
    to being ignored.
  • Give attention when they are on-task and
    cooperating.

18
Power Seeking
  • Refers to students mistaken belief that, if a
    teacher doesnt let them do what they want, then
    the teacher does not approve of them.
    Power-seeking students attempt to provoke
    teachers into struggles of will.

19
Revenge Seeking
  • Power-seeking students are likely to develop
    resentment toward those to whom they have lost
    battles of will. They feel hurt by others who
    have displayed power over them. Consequently,
    they want to hurt others to display their own
    power and thus achieve status.

20
Displaying Inadequacy
  • Uses inadequacy as an excuse when they are
    discouraged.

21
Canter
  • Assertive Discipline
  • Use the assertive response
  • Recognize fallacies in reasons for excusing
    off-task behaviors
  • Specify exactly what types of behaviors will be
    required and what types will not be tolerated

22
  • Develop a plan for encouraging on-task behaviors
    and discouraging off-task behaviors
  • Persist in following through with the plan
  • Seek and expect support from parents,
    instructional supervisors, and school
    administrators

23
  • Canter emphasized the needs of teachers. Learned
    that they have trouble stating exactly what they
    mean -- or want.

24
Behaviorist
  • Based on B. F. Skinner
  • Behavior modification
  • Refers to the behaviorist approach by which
    students environments are manipulated to
    increase the chances of desired behaviors being
    rewarded while undesirable behaviors go
    unrecorded. We condition students to being
    on-task.

25
Glasser
  • Rational Choices
  • Inexcusable behavior
  • Understanding why a student exhibits undesirable
    behaviors is no reason to tolerate them.
    Students are rational beings and quite capable of
    choosing to cooperate and be on-task. Teacher
    should never compromise his/her standards.

26
Group Meetings
  • Concerning social conduct
  • Open-ended meetings for discussing important
    subjects
  • Discussing how well students are progressing
  • Held to solve problems

27
Rules
  • Rules should be established cooperatively by
    teachers and students
  • Rules should be strictly and consistently
    followed

28
A NOTE ABOUT RULES
  • ROUTINES
  • PROCEDURES
  • RULES
  • CONSEQUENCES
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