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Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S.

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Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. & Canada. Key Focus Points ... Habitat: Quiet lakes and ponds with plenty of aquatic plant life. www.krisweb.com ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S.


1
Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. Canada
  • Joel Berry
  • Topic 1164 E

2
Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. Canada
3
Key Focus Points
  • Correctly identify 7 species of fish
  • Know 2-3 distinctive traits of each fish
  • Correctly label the anatomy of a fish

4
What are some examples of common freshwater fish?
5
CATFISH
  • Binomial Name Ictalurus punctatus
  • Native Range From Canada to Mexico
  • Habitat Catfish prefer deep rivers and lakes.
  • www.eopb.org

6
CATFISH
  • Food Choice Catfish are considered scavengers
    that eat mostly animal matter.
  • Catfish are identifiable by their barbels that
    are often called whiskers, thick skin instead
    of scales, and bony spines found near each gill
    plate and one located on the back.
  • www.xanga.com

7
LARGEMOUTH BASS
  • Binomial Name Micropterus salmoides
  • Native Range Eastern United States and Canada
  • Habitat Quiet lakes and ponds with plenty of
    aquatic plant life
  • www.krisweb.com

8
LARGEMOUTH BASS
  • Food Choice Bass prey mainly on aquatic animal
    such as minnows.
  • Largemouth Bass are identifiable by the large
    horizontal black line down its side and for the
    jaw that extends beyond the eye.
  • www.droppinaline.com

9
SMALLMOUTH BASS
  • Binomial Name Micropterus dolomieu
  • Native Range Southern Canada to the Central
    United States
  • Habitat clean flowing streams and shallow lakes
  • www.wdaweb.com

10
SMALLMOUTH BASS
  • Food Choice Like its close relative the
    largemouth, the smallmouth feeds on small fish.
  • Smallmouth can be identified by their brownish
    color and yellowish green color sides
  • www.dnrec.state.de.us

11
WALLEYE
  • Binomial Name Stizostedion vitreum
  • Native Range Canada and the Central U.S.
  • Habitat rivers, lakes, and pools that are clear
    and have brushy banks
  • www.gov.mb.ca

12
WALLEYE
  • Food Choice most often includes minnows and
    small perch
  • Walleye can be distinguished by their amazing
    night vision. The tapetum lucidum is a light
    gathering tissue that allows walleye to hunt
    their prey at night.
  • www.wildlifedepartment.com

13
PERCH
  • Binomial Name Perca flavescens
  • Native Range Canada to Northeastern U.S.
  • Habitat ponds, lakes, rivers, and deep pools
  • www.assabetriver.org

14
PERCH
  • Food Choice Perch feed mostly on aquatic insects
    and small minnows.
  • Perch are fairly smaller in size averaging only
    4-10 and have vertical bars down their sides.
  • www.canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca

15
PIKE
  • Binomial Name Esox lucius
  • Native Range most of the continental U.S.,
    Canada, and into Alaska
  • Habitat marshes, ponds, rivers, and lakes, that
    have heavy vegetation
  • www.wdaweb.com

16
PIKE
  • Food Choice Pike prey mainly on other fish
    including other pike.
  • Pike can be identified by their sleek body that
    is built for speed and massive jaws that can
    swallow prey whole.
  • cwr.ucdavis.edu

17
BLUEGILL
  • Binomial Name Lepomis macrochirus
  • Native Range Canada to Mexico
  • Habitat ponds, swamps, lakes, and pools with
    heavy vegetation
  • www.ligtel.com

18
BLUEGILL
  • Food Choice Bluegills feed mainly on aquatic
    vegetation and fry
  • Bluegills have an elaborate mating ritual and are
    often referred to as panfish.
  • www.kentuckyawake.org

19
Conclusion
  • While these fish coexist in the same habitats
    they demonstrate amazing diversity within
    themselves.
  • Continue on from this lecture by further
    investigation of distinguishing traits.
  • Hint - practice labeling the anatomy of the
    fish
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