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REACHING DISABLED PEOPLE

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Disabled people face numerous barriers to access and inclusion. As a minority group, disabled people are less likely to be reached through a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: REACHING DISABLED PEOPLE


1
When special needs occur in generally poor
areas, vulnerability may easily translate into
acute destitution and suffering. Iran project
  • REACHING DISABLED PEOPLE
  • THROUGH
  • DEMAND-DRIVEN PROJECTS
  • Abigail Somma
  • May 18, 2004

2
Objectives
  • To identify approaches which a project manager or
    policy-maker may choose to use for targeting
    disabled people in demand-driven projects based
    on previous choices
  • Provide a framework for further analysis

3
Why Target Disabled People?
  • Research indicates that 7-10 of a population has
    a disability
  • Disability and poverty have an interconnected
    relationship
  • Disabled people face numerous barriers to access
    and inclusion
  • As a minority group, disabled people are less
    likely to be reached through a demand-driven
    mechanism

4
How is the Bank Addressing Disability in Projects?
  • Mainstreaming disability is in its infancy
  • Project information is based regionally and not
    centrally
  • A database search results in 24-26 projects which
    mention disability in the abstract
  • ECA 8 AFR 6 SAR 4 LAC 4 MENA 3 EAP 1
  • This is clearly not representative regional
    disability working groups are currently taking
    inventory through regional consultants

5
Disability in CDDTen Projects Analyzed
  • MENA 3
  • Yemen Social Fund for Development Project
  • Lebanon Community Development Project
  • Iran Local Development Fund Project
  • LAC 2
  • St. Lucia Poverty Reduction Fund Project
  • Honduras Fourth Social Investment Fund Project
     
  • ECA 2
  • Ukraine Social Investment Fund Project
  • Tajikistan Education Modernization Project
  • SAR 1
  • Andrah Pradesh District Poverty Initiatives
    Project
  • AFR 1
  • Malawi Third Social Action Fund 
  • EAP 1
  • Cambodia Social Fund Project

6
Types of Interventions
  • Community Level
  • sub-projects which benefit disabled people,
    training, education centers, foster care,
    employment schemes,
  • organizational support, savings and loans groups,
  • mainstream projects which benefit disabled people
  • National
  • national reform
  • inform/complement national policy
  • capacity building
  • Regional Level regional reforms, capacity
    building,

7
Targeting Strategies
  • Most projects identified poorer regions through
    poverty targeting
  • Self-targeting mechanisms (i.e. funding an
    education center for blind people)
  • Proposals which benefited disabled people
    received highest priority (Cambodia)
  • Communities were targeted with high numbers of
    disabled people (Ukraine)
  • Geographic constraints were relaxed for projects
    which targeted disabled people (Iran)

8
Targeting Strategies
  • Information, Education, and Communication
    component, aimed specifically to address disabled
    people and the groups which represent them
    capacity building and outreach for groups which
    represent disabled people (Malawi)
  • Targeting NGOs specialized in serving disabled
    people as intermediary and implementing agencies
  • Steering committee assigned role of identifying
    beneficiaries
  • Choosing communities based on commitment to
    social services

9
Division of Labor
  • Generally national oversight
  • Steering Committee created to address needs of
    vulnerable groups
  • Consultant hired to specifically address
    needs/barriers of disabled people
  • Sponsoring agencies could be local government,
    community or municipality may choose
    implementing agency

10
Division of Labor
  • NGOs and Communities proposal generation and
    implementation
  • Some projects (Lebanon) used NGOs as primary
    implementing agents
  • Coordination among levels international NGOs or
    specific unit

11
How are disabled people being empowered?
  • Information dissemination and participation of
    disabled people and their organizations in
    project preparation and design
  • Organization into community groups and
    federations
  • Sub-projects which include enhancing assets
    training, skills, and inclusion
  • Addressing issues of integration and access
  • Sensitization training and capacity building of
    larger community and involved stakeholders
  • Accommodating needs of disabled people in
    mainstream projects
  • Disabled people were integrated into supervisory
    positions

12
Challenges/Lessons Learned
  • Task team leaders can generate awareness and
    interest among government counterparts
  • Outreach targeted toward disabled people and
    toward community at large
  • Addressing access issues sensitization
  • Self-targeting by project type
  • Giving priority to disabled people in selection
    process
  • Including families members of disabled people
  • Disability interventions can also be
    preventative nutrition and conflict-resolution
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