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By Laura Ingalls Wilder

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naughty. bad; not behaving well. punish. to discipline; cause pain for doing something wrong ... The naughty girl slapped William. The naughty girl slapped William. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: By Laura Ingalls Wilder


1

The Swimming Hole
Genre Classic Historical Fiction Authors
Purpose Inform, Entertain Reading Skill
Theme
  • By Laura Ingalls Wilder
  • Illustrations by Garth Williams

Compiled by Terry Sams, Piedmont
2
Summary
  •   Laura loves wading in the creek of her
    prairie home.  But when Ma and Pa take her to the
    swimming hole, she realizes that she loves
    swimming even more.  Laura knows that she is
    never supposed to go to the swimming hole without
    a grownup to take her.  One hot day, though, she
    just can't resist heading for the swimming hole's
    cool water.  One thing that stops her from going
    in the water is a fierce badger that snarls at
    her and frightens her into returning home.

3
Genre Historical Fiction
  • Historical Fiction is fiction that takes place in
    the past.
  • The author makes up the characters and events,
    but the characters and events seem real.
  • The setting is important, and the problems and
    events are based on things that really did or
    could have happened during the time period.

4
Comprehension Skill - Theme
  • Theme is the underlying
  • meaning or big idea of
  • a story.
  • Sometimes an author states the theme directly.
  • Sometimes readers have to figure out the theme on
    their own, using evidence from the text to
    support their big idea.

5
Comprehension Review Cause and Effect
  • An effect is something that happen
  • Ask yourself the question What happens?
  • A cause is something that makes an effect happen
  • Ask yourself Why did it happen?

Click on the words Cause and Effect to practice
the skill.
6
Practice Cause and EffectReread pages 200-201
7
Vocabulary Skill Antonyms
  • Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings.
  • Many writers create sentences in which a known
    word may be used as a clue to the meaning of an
    antonym.
  • Examples
  • Im not happy, Im distraught.
  • She waded through the shallow creed because it
    wasnt too deep to cross.

8
Literary Devices Imagery and Sensory Words TE
212i
  • The author uses words that help the reader
    experience the way things look, sound, smell,
    taste, and feel.
  • Example Each blue flag has three velvet petals
    that curve down like a ladys dress.
  • Imagery helps the reader visualize the setting
    and characters actions.
  • Example Pa looks all around at prairies
    stretching to the rim of the sky. Ma and Pa sit
    in the starlight outside the door.

9
Writing Assignment
  • Work in groups of 3 or 4 to find sentences
    that describe how things look, sound, smell,
    taste, and feel. Write all or part of the
    sentence on the chart I passed out. The first
    example has been done for you.

10
Weekly Fluency Check -Read with Expression
  • Students should match the tone of voice to the
    tone of the piece. In this passage the tone of
    the story is light and cheery. But soon the tone
    becomes more serious when Laura gets dunked. This
    change should reflect in the readers voice.
  • Go to pages 203-204, beginning with
    Everything was watery. . .

11
Review Questions p. 198-205
  • Why do you think Laura and Mary are told never to
    go near the hole?
  • How does Laura act at the swimming hole?
  • What does this say about her character?
  • Do you think Laura really understands why being
    good could never be as hard as being watched?
    Why or why not?
  • Why do you think Mrs. Wilder chose the prairie as
    the setting of her books?

12
Review Questions p. 206-213
  • What part does the badger play in the story?
  • Why do Ma and Pa not want the girls to go to the
    swimming hole?
  • What is the theme (big idea) of this story?
  • What troubled Laura the most after returning home
    after going near the swimming hole?
  • How does Laura probably feel about her parents?

13
More Good Stuff
  • Vocabulary Word Search
  • Vocabulary Hang Man
  • Vocabulary Matching
  • Internet Workshop
  • Reading Test
  • Spelling Test
  • ABC Order Spelling Words
  • Learn About Laura Ingalls Wilder
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Scavenger Hunt

14
More on Fables
  • Listen to Fables
  • Aesop's Fables
  • More Aesops Fables Webquest

15
Say It!
  • bristled
  • dugout
  • jointed
  • naughty
  • punish
  • rushes
  • shallow

16
More Words to Know
  • badger
  • tableland
  • frightful

17
bristled
  • had one's hair stand up straight

18
dugout
  • a shelter formed
  • by digging into the
  • side of a hill

Click on the word to see real pioneer dugouts.
19
rushes
  • grasslike plants with hollow stems that grow in
    wet places

20
jointed
  • having places where two parts join together
    having joints

21
naughty
  • bad not behaving well

22
punish
  • to discipline cause pain for doing something
    wrong

23
shallow
  • not deep

24
badger
  • a gray hairy animal that feeds at night and lives
    in a hole

Click on the word badger to hear his sound! Give
it time to load.
25
tableland
  • a high plain a plateau

26
frightful
  • causing fear or terror

27
Long hair bristled along the animals back.
28
Long hair bristled along the animals back.

29
Laura lived in a dugout.
30
Laura lived in a dugout.
31
The jointed rushes swayed in the wind.
32
The jointed rushes swayed in the wind.
33
The naughty girl slapped William.
34
The naughty girl slapped William.
35
They passed a high, almost straight-up wall of
earth called a tableland.
36
They passed a high, almost straight-up wall of
earth called a tableland.
37
The man said, I will have to punish you for
hitting her.
38
The man said, I will have to punish you for
hitting her.
39
The pool is to shallow to swim in.
40
The pool is too shallow to swim in.
41
That was a frightful experience when I heard that
awful sound.
42
That was a frightful experience when I heard that
awful sound.
43
I waded out into the water where the rushes grew.
44
I waded out into the water where the rushes grew.
45
Spelling WordsHomophones
  • their
  • there
  • theyre
  • your
  • youre
  • wood
  • would
  • too
  • two
  • to

46
Spelling WordsHomophones
  • close
  • piece
  • peace
  • thrown
  • throne
  • beat
  • beet
  • break
  • brake
  • clothes

47
This Weeks Word Wall Words
Click and type your own words for this week
48

Lets review our words. Watch carefully because
they will flash on the screen for just a moment.
We will clap as we spell the word.Dont be
fooled this week. You have to get the correct
homophone in the sentence!
49
throne
50
thrown
51
peace
52
piece
53
close
54
clothes
55
brake
56
break
57
beet
58
beat
59
youre
60
your
61
theyre
62
there
63
their
64
to
65
two
66
too
67
would
68
wood
69
GREAT JOB!
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