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Philippine Forestry Development Forum June 23, 2005 ADB Auditorium

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Title: Philippine Forestry Development Forum June 23, 2005 ADB Auditorium


1
Philippine Forestry Development ForumJune 2-3,
2005ADB Auditorium
  • RICARDO M. UMALI
  • President
  • Sustainable Ecosystems International Corp.
  • Society of Filipino Foresters Inc.

2
BACKGROUND
  • An organized corporation under Philippine Laws
    and registered in the Securities and Exchange
    Commission (SEC) on June 23, 1958.
  • Holder of Timber License Agreement (TLA) No.
    56-1 approved on June 1986 and will expire on
    June 2011.
  • Original holder of Ordinary Timber License (OTL)
    No. 1356-59 issued in February 1959 ad converted
    into (TLA) No. 56 in December 1961.
  • Per FAO No. 11, the adjacent concession areas
    namely Mindanao Mahogany Corporation, holder of
    TLA No. 494 and Gonzalo Puyat Sons, Inc. with
    TLA No. 55 were merged with SUDECOR in September
    1978 and July 1981

3
BACKGROUND
  • Covers a total area of 75,671 hectares
  • Geographically located within coordinates 125
    47 to 126º 09 East Longitude and 08º 56 to
    09º 14 North Latitude.
  • Provincial jurisdiction of Surigao del Sur, a
    coastal province of CARAGA Region located on
    the northeastern coast of Mindanao.
  • Covers the municipalities of Madrid, Lanuza,
    Cortes, Tandag, Tago, Carmen and San Miguel.
  • Approximately 809 and 260 kilometers away from
    Manila and Cebu on a general direction of 138º
    and 117º, respectively.

4
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5
SUDECOR TLA
6
Intact Permanent Forest
  • Managed as permanent forest for more than 40
    years
  • Adheres to prescribed forestry laws, rules and
    regulations of government
  • 54,247 hectares or about 71.7 of adequately
    stocked Production Zone
  • 20,775 hectares or 27.5 of Protection Zone
    under NIPAS not subject to harvest
  • About 92 of the total TLA area still covered
    by Dipterocarp and associated species

7
ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT
  • The key elements in the management of TLA are
    included in the various regulations/programs
    designed to attain economic viability/sustainabili
    ty of the forest resources ecological
    sustainability of the forest ecosystem and
    sustainable forest-dependent communities.
  • PD 705 as amended
  • Philippine selective logging system manual
  • EIA Law
  • NIPAS Law
  • IPRA Law
  • EO CBFM, EO 318
  • Various DENR AO

8
The process of managing forest to achieve one or
more clearly specified objectives of management
with regard to the production of a continuous
flow of desired forest products and services
without undue reduction of its inherent values
and future productivity and without undue
undesirable effects on the physical and social
environment.ITTO
9
PLANNING BEST PRACTICES
  • Model Medium Term Forest Management Plan covering
    CY 1994-2003 prepared by the DENR RP-GERMAN
    Integrated Rainforest Management Project and
    approved by DENR in July 1994
  • Integrated Operations Plan (IOP) approved by the
    RED on an annual, biennial, or 5-year basis.
    Operating under a 5-year IOP (2004-2009)
  • Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) issued
    on12 March 1998 and renewed on March 2004 with
    validity period of seven (7) years coterminous
    with expiry of the TLA on 2011.
  • 25-yr Sustainable Forest Management Plan approved
    by the DENR on October 2003 and now serves as
    basis for the medium-tem and long-term plans.

10
  • Operates only on cutting areas inside the
    designated APLO located inside the operable
    production forest areas with less than 50 slope
    gradient.
  • Does not operate in forest protection areas with
    slope gradient of more than 50.
  • Has availed of skyline machines as prescribed by
    the government in order to minimize soil
    disturbances and residual damage

11
SILVICULTURAL PRACTICES
  • LOGGING IN SECONDARY FOREST
  • Pre-determined regulated cut in terms of
    Allowable Cutting Area (ACA) and/or Allowable
    Annual Cut (AAC) as prescribed by the Philippine
    Selective Logging System (PSLS)
  • The remaining 2nd growth forests still intact
    and considered operable with adequately stocked
    logged-over areas.
  • No re-logging activities conducted in the
    younger stands of cut-over forests before
    reaching the right economic rotation age at 35
    Years Elapsed After Logging (YEAL).

12
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13
SILVICULTURAL PRACTICES
  • Cutting of only the mature trees that have
    reached merchantable sizes as prescribed by the
    PSLS,
  • Adequate number of healthy residuals are left
    to grow as potential crop trees in the production
    forest.
  • Post-harvesting TSI leave sufficient number of
    high-quality timber trees that can be harvested
    on 3rd cyclic cut
  • Remaining forest stands after repeated timber
    harvesting operations are duly protected

14
Seedlings for reforestation at SUDECOR nursery
15
Timber Stand Improvement (TSI) SUDECOR, S-263
Block 651, after 3rd rotation
  • Areas scheduled for rehabilitation determined
    only after conducting area assessment surveys
    and consultations with the ICCs during the early
    months of rehabilitation implementation
  • Productive brushland areas enriched with
    high-value indigenous species thru the Assisted
    Natural Regeneration method
  • Adequate number of desirable lauan species and
    other lesser-known species released from soil,
    water, and light competition thru the TSI method.
  • Newly logged-over areas treated with
    post-harvesting TSI.

16
  • Enrichment planting is conducted in about 163 ha
    of open areas as result of timber harvesting
    operations on log landings, roadsides, cableways
    and skidways
  • IOP 2004-09 prescribes the supplemental planting
    of cleared areas averaging 136.9 hectares per
    year.

TSI SUDECOR, S-263 Block 651, PCT of
Philippine Mahagony PCI Tangila Shorea
polyspermum
17
  • Timber Harvesting Operations
  • Merchantable trees that have reached maturity
    age having at least 60 cm dbh are extracted
    leaving adequate residual trees and natural
    regenerations
  • The harvest cut is regulated by area and
    volume control. The annual allowable cut (AAC) is
    the maximum possible harvest in any year.
  • No cutting beyond AAC is made even if annual
    cutting area (ACA) has not all been logged yet.
  • Based on land use zoning, the net area for
    production is 36,216 ha. Using a cutting cycle
    of 35 years, the ACA is 1,035 ha.

18
  • Can continue to harvest in sufficient areas
    until license expires in 2011 with 50-60 cum /ha
    cut

19
Conservation Practices
  • Patches of open areas cleared for timber
    extraction immediately rehabilitated thru proper
    soil erosion control methods and supplemental
    planting
  • Preserving and protecting virgin forests, mossy
    forests, and sub-marginal areas to conserve the
    species richness of the primary forests and
    protect biological diversity
  • Adopts the multiple-use concept of forest
    management to address environmental issues in
    terms of conserving bio-diversity, protection of
    the watershed, wildlife and timber production
    areas.

20
  • Other practices to protect the environment
  • No logging operation is conducted within the
    National Integrated Protected Area System
    (NIPAS)
  • b. Adequate protection measures to prevent
    encroachments, vandalism, illegal lumbering,
    kaingin-making and other forms of forest offences
  • c. Regulate the hunting of birds and mammals
    and protect the areas within 1 Km radius
    where endangered bird species like the
    Philippine Eagle are discovered to be nesting
  • d. Prohibit gathering of minor forest products,
    including rattan, orchids and other
    rare/endangered floral and faunal species unless
    given permit by the authorities
  • e. Preserve natural landscape and spots with
    potential tourist attraction, aesthetic and
    recreational values and
  • f. Assist in the identification and delineation
    of the IPAS, such as the survey and putting up of
    monuments or placards along the boundaries of
    virgin forest areas

21
6 watersheds in SUDECOR TLA
  • Straddles across 6 major watersheds, namely
    Tago, Tandag, Caracan, Ipil, Kilop and Sibahay
    that all drain to the Pacific Ocean
  • More than 68 or 51,107 ha of SUDECOR are located
    inside the Tago watershed, the largest of the 6
    watersheds where the concession area is located

22
Watershed Management
  • Address major environmental issues and concerns
    related to soil erosion, river siltation and
    sedimentation of farmlands, lack of water for
    various uses
  • Engineering and vegetative measures of erosion
    control to prevent/arrest degradation of the
    biological system.
  • Sufficient cross culverts are installed across
    the main roads, in addition to the side drainage
    canals
  • , Rockwalls are built but limited to areas
    with abundant rocks for the stabilization of
    hillsides and slopes.
  • Vegetative measure of slope stabilization
    is adopted to reduce project cost and expenses,
    especially on the secondary roads.

23
Environmental Compliance
  • Complied with the required environmental impact
    assessment prescribed by the government under the
    EIA Law
  • Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Report is
    submitted by the Company as a result of a
    full-blown Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
  • The EIS Report include the Environmental
    Management and Monitoring Plan, Runoff Management
    Plan , and Social Development Plan.
  • More detailed coverage of the EIS Report
    includes the environmental settings, project
    description, impact assessment and environmental
    management measures to mitigate the adverse
    impacts of the timber harvesting operation as
    well as the related road-building and forestry
    operations.

24
Environmental Compliance
  • First ECC issued on March 12, 1998.
  • The ECC stipulated the terms and conditions for
    logging operations, and road construction
    /rehabilitation and related timber extraction
    processes on the remaining operable residual
    forest areas
  • The latest ECC was issued in 2003 and will end
    in 2011.

25
Share of LGUs from SUDECOR Forest Charges
Socio-Economic Services
  • 2001- 2002
  • Total Forest Charges P 48.75 m
  • LGU Share 19.5 m
  • Province 3.9 m
  • Municipalities 8.77 m
  • Barangays 6.83 m

26
SOCIAL SERVICES
27
EMPLOYMENT Forest operations 431 Wood
processing 513 Development activities P 3M
annual contract to Manobos and other settlers
28
Employment of Local Residents by SUDECOR
  • Indigenous Peoples Employed
  • 2000 2001 482
  • 2001-2002 269
  • Include development
  • contractors and
  • employees in
  • forest operations

29
TECHNOLOGIES AND RESEARCH PROGRAMS
30
  • INVOLVEMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS
  • Planning and Decision- making
  • Contract Work
  • Participatory Consultations
  • IEC Activities

Consultation with Stakeholders
31
Other Related Forest Development Practices
  • Reforestation Agro-forestry
  • Hillsides dominated by brushes, shrubs and
    grasses given priority in the reforestation and
    enrichment/agro-forestry program
  • Narra primarily used for reforestation
    purposes, fast-growing species like Mangium,
    Mahogany, or even rubber trees and other
    fruit-bearing trees used as agro-forestry crops
    in cultivated lands within the watershed areas

32
Community-Based Forest Management
  • Assist in the identification and survey of
    proposed CBFM project sites within or
    adjacent to the concession
  • Enlist the active participation of upland
    households in agro-forestry projects
  • Assist and encourage upland dwellers to
    participate in the CBFM program of government
  • Provide necessary technical assistance in
    acquiring the stewardship agreements and
    certificates from the government.

33
Foreign Assisted Projects
  • Focus on biodiversity conservation,
    environmentally friendly logging techniques, SFM
    planning, collaborative forest management,
    application of criteria and indicators, forest
    auditing, and carbon sequestration.
  • RP-German Timber Stand Improvement Project in
    1987-89
  • Timber Stand Improvement Pilot Study
  • TSI Compatible Timber Harvesting and Utilization
    Study
  • RP-German Dipterocarp Forest Management Project
    in 1989-91
  • Line Planting Trials of High Quality Species
  • Rattan Plantation Development Trials in
    Logged-over Dipterocarp Forest
  • RP-German Dipterocarp Integrated Rainforest
    Management Project in 1991-94
  • Cable Crane Yarding System Trial Harvesting Study

34
  • Project Rationale and Overall Objective
  • Harness the capacity of production forests to
    contribute to the overall effort of conserving
    biodiversity.

35
BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENTFactors Affecting
Biodiversity
36
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Given enough time a logged over area is able to
    recover naturally approximating the level of
    biodiversity of the pre-harvesting condition
  • This means that the previous management regimes
    did not cause significant decline in the level of
    biodiversity in the logged over areas

37
1996
2001
1996 and 2001 satellite image interpretation of
SUDECOR TLA shows a sustainable forest management
unit with old growth and secondary forests almost
intact. A 5-year intensive ITTO / GOP
biodiversity studies reveal that logging
operations have no significant adverse impact on
biodiversity supporting the theory that timber
production can be compatible with biodiversity
and the environment in general.
38
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39
REVISED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE SUDECOR
CONCESSION AREA
ITTO-GOP PD 35/96 Rev. 2(F) Conservation and
Maintenance of Biological Diversity in Tropical
Forests Managed Primarily for Timber Production,
Surigao del Sur, Philippines
40
Plan Strategies and Approaches for SFM
  • GENERAL STRATEGIES
  • Integrated Resources inventory
  • Land use allocation / zoning
  • Co-management strategies
  • Research and monitoring systems
  • SPECIFIC MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
  • Protection zones
  • Production zones
  • SPECIFIC STRATEGIES PER STRATUM
  • Years elapsed after logging to bring back to
    approximate original condition

41
  • CO-MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
  • Intended to broaden the involvement of the local
    communities in SFM by empowering them
  • IEC / technical assistance in managing communal
    forests and ancestral lands

42
CO-MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
Recognition of valid rights of IPs
43
TIMBER HARVESTING Protection of all Critical
Biodiversity Conservation Areas (CBCA )(4,313 ha)
44
TIMBER HARVESTING Pre-logging inventory and tree
marking
  • Inventory of seedlings (ANR needed in all strata
    with premium sp seedlings of only between 7-25
    except gt 20 YEAL
  • Whenever feasible, one mother tree of each
    species in a 1-ha sub-unit marked as residual

45
  • TIMBER HARVESTING
  • Road Construction
  • Preferential use of old roads
  • Minimize disturbance of areas with signs of
    wildlife
  • Proper scheduling of road construction

46
TIMBER HARVESTING Road Construction
  • Proper road location to avoid negative control
    points
  • Prompt rehabilitation of roads that are no longer
    needed
  • Regular maintenance and stabilization of roads
  • Proper disposal of spoils

47
IMPACTS OF THE PLAN
ON BIODIVERSITY Recommended management
prescriptions will improve the conservation of
biodiversity in the area Enhancing the
maintenance of genetic diversity of population of
timber trees
48
ON BIODIVERSITY
Increase in the protection areas will increase
not only areas that are undisturbed but also
areas that are potentially ideal as refuge for
displaced or disturbed wildlife and as sources of
genetic materials for regeneration and genetic
improvement
49
  • ON SOIL AND WATER
  • Soil erosion will decrease by about 0.7
    tons/ha/yr
  • Runoff from the various watersheds will slightly
    decrease
  • Sediment yield could decrease by almost 35 with
    the reduction of sediment delivery ratio

50
IMPACTS OF THE PLAN
On Carbon Stocks
SOC Soil Organic Carbon 1 Mg 1 ton
51
Key Recommendations
  • FACTORS FOR CONTINUATION
  • A natural SDU from coastal to forest ecosystems
    w/ 6 watersheds
  • Intact forest cover including Sudecor area
    secondary forest mgt
  • IP population and other communities
  • Area for many SFM studies including ITTO Phase I
    and carbon sequestration
  • Opportunities for all types of forest users and
    institutional collaboration
  • SFM plan for implementation up to 2011 and beyond

PD 167/02 Rev.2(F) Integration of FMU into SDU
through collaborative forest management in
Surigao del Sur, RP
52
ORIGIN
  • Follow-up of the 5-year ITTO Project PD 35/96
    Rev.2(F) Conservation and Maintenance of
    Biological Diversity in Tropical Forests
    Primarily Managed Primarily for Timber
    Production, Surigao del Sur, Philippines PD
    35-96 Rev. 2(F) which was completed July 2002.
  • Need to translate SFM on ground implementation
  • Attempts to pioneer planning and implementation
    of sustainable forest management in a
    timber-based mountain to coast sustainable
    development unit.

53
SDU (225,653 242,266 Has.)
54
The PROJECT will showcase action planning and
implementation of sustainable forest management
within a sustainable development unit delineated
based on the watershed ecosystem framework
55
COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT
56
Collaborative Forest Management in SUDECOR
  • Manobo tribes sharing equitable benefits from
    forests

57
PHILIPPINE INITIATIVE
  • ITTO - FMB
  • PRE-PROJECT
  • PROJECT ON FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF
  • CI SYSTEM
  • PROJECT ON ADOPTION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF CI
    SYSTEM

58
A CRITERION IS AN ASPECT CONSIDERED IMPORTANT
BY WHICH SFM MAYBE ASSESSED.AN INDICATOR IS A
QUANTITATIVE, QUALITATIVE OR DESCRIPTIVE
ATTRIBUTE OF A CRITERION THAT, WHEN PERIODICALLY
MEASURED OR MONITORED, INDICATES THE DIRECTION OF
CHANGE.CI ARE TOOLS FOR ASSESSING TRENDS IN
CONDITION AND MANAGEMENT OF FORESTS IN A NATION,
OR AT FMU
59
Formulation of Philippine C and I system
Review Field test ITTO CI
Adoption of Philippine C and I system
Draft manual / guidelines for C and I
Stakeholders Decision-makers consultations
Review Policies Institutions
Formulate applicable audit system
Draft manual for audit of C and I
External Timber certification
Pilot test audit system In 3 FMU
Data Base MIS
Finalize audit system
National SFM certification
Train forest managers
60
NATIONAL LEVEL REPORT - BASELINE
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • Acronyms (a-b)
  • Summary of Highlights (i-xiv)
  • Questionnaire (1-38)
  • Criterion 1 Enabling Conditions for Sustainable
    Forest Management 1
  • Criterion 2 Forest Resource Security 12
  • Criterion 3 Forest Ecosystem Health
  • and Condition 15
  • Criterion 4 Flow of Forest Products 17
  • Criterion 5 Biological Diversity 25
  • Criterion 6 Soil and Water 30
  • Criterion 7 Economic, Social and
  • Cultural Aspects 32

FMU Report SUDECOR
61
ITTO SPIN - OFF TRAINING ACTIVITIES
62
VALIDATION OF SUDECOR BEST PRACTICES
  • AERIAL RECONNAISANCE
  • FIELD SCIENTIFIC STUDIES
  • FOREST AUDITING

63
Flight over the Sudecor concession area
64
(No Transcript)
65
(No Transcript)
66
Sudecor log area 2002
67
Sudecor main logging road
68
Sudecor logged-over forest area, Logging road
become invisible from air
69
Sudecor logging road in recent logging area
70
Sudecor logged-over forest area, Appearence of
secondary species
71
Auditing Framework for SFM
Based on Nsenkyiere Simula 2000, Appanah
Kleine 2001
72
(No Transcript)
73
AUDIT PROCEDURE
74
SCORING SYSTEM
75
RESULTS OF PILOT SFM AUDIT
  • SUDECOR was recently audited as one of the pilot
    sites of the DENR-ITTO project entitled Adoption
    and Implementation of Appropriate System of
    Criteria and Indicators (CI) for Sustainable
    Forest Management (SFM) in the Philippines PD
    225/03 Rev. 1 (F)
  • The audit results confirmed that the best
    practices of SUDECOR are indeed working on the
    ground towards SFM.
  • The overall SFM performance is considered good
    (highest rating under a weighted scheme
    compatible with international certification of
    sustainable forest sources), having obtained a
    total score of 142 points within range of good
    performance from 103-153.
  • SUDECOR was able to meet most of the norms
    provided for by the criteria and indicators for
    SFM. SUDECOR gathered full points for criteria
    2, 3, and 6, and relatively good scores for the
    rest of the criteria.

76
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • The best forestry practices of the SUDECOR TLA
    are a showcase of how SFM should be implemented
    on the ground.
  • Not mere compliance to existing forestry rules
    and regulations but a solid determination to
    prove that Tropical forests can be managed in
    perpetuity for various objectives for all
    generations to come.
  • The approved 25-year SFM Plan of the TLA, used as
    basis for integrated annual operation, provides
    the necessary framework and implementation
    guidelines for proper execution of the Philippine
    selective logging system where only the profits
    from sustainable growth are harvested.

77
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Forest production has been demonstrated to
    enhance environmental amenities including
    biodiversity and watershed values resulting to a
    larger economic return accruing to society in
    general.
  • The present excellent condition of the forest
    cover after 40 years of logging into its 3rd
    cycle of harvest is attainable
  • Classic example of SFM demonstrates the need to
    support the continuous operations of sustainable
    forest management units like SUDECOR.

78
What experts say about SUDECOR experience
  • DR. JUAN ADOLFO V. REVILLA
  • Renowned International Forest Management Expert
    and Consultant, former
  • Dean of the U.P. College of Forestry, and Team
    Leader of ITTO Projects
  • The SUDECOR forestry situation presents a rare
    and unique opportunity to demonstrate not only
    the compatibility of sustainable forest
    production and biodiversity conservation but also
    pioneering forest management systems within the
    broader context of sustainable watershed
    development.
  • The SUDECOR case also provides another rare and
    unique opportunity to develop and
    demonstrate/validate new systems to supplant the
    forest licensing system for timely implementation
    before Timber Licensing Agreements (TLAs) expire
    in 2011.

79
  • DR. REX VICTOR O. CRUZ
  • Professor, UP College of Forestry Natural
    Resources Noted watershed expert
  • SUDECOR TLA is a living testimony to the reality
    of sustainable forest resources amid development.
    It can make a believer out of a skeptic that
    sustainability is an attainable goal in forest
    resources management. It demonstrates that the
    forest has astounding ability to regenerate
    itself after certain degrees of perturbations
    only if a committed and conscientious forest
    management sustains the flow of goods and
    services from the forest to society.
  • The SUDECOR concession area affirms the soundness
    of selective logging system once properly
    implemented.

80
  • DR. DANIEL A. LAGUNZAD
  • Professor, UP Institute of Biology and Herbarium,
    Diliman
  • In Surigao forests, people and nature are
    always part of the biodiversity calculations
    one can't exist without the other.
  • At the height of public debate over
    environmental degradation, the current state of
    Surigao forests may be a good argument that
    sustainable forest management is actually
    possible.
  • DR. ROBERTO P. RUBIO
  • Professor of Zoology of the UP College of
    Forestry and Natural Resources
  • Animal diversity indices were calculated in all
    the identified strata of the SUDECOR concession.
    Surprisingly, high species diversity of animals
    was observed in newly recovering logged over
    areas up to at least 15 years. This can only
    mean that disturbed habitats due to logging are
    able to recover fast enough to support a good
    number of wildlife species. Based on this
    evidence, one could conclude that logging, if
    properly implemented, is still compatible with
    conserving wildlife.

81
Global recognition as model forest for SFM
  • Earth Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa
    (September 2002)
  • United Nations Forum on Forests in Geneva,
    Switzerland (UNFF-3rd Session, May 2003)
  • International Tropical Timber Council, 34th
    Session,(12 17 May 2003) Panama City, Panama
  • Nominated to FAO Search For Excellence
    Exemplary Forest Management In The Asia-pacific
    Region , 2002

82
Recommendations
  • Replication and implementation of the SUDECOR 25
    - year Sustainable Forest Management Plan.
  • The SUDECOR experience along with similar
    sustainable forest management units should be
    used as basis for continuous logging operations
    on areas proven sustainable.
  • SUDECOR has proven at pilot scale that it can
    pass forest auditing using a comprehensive set of
    Philippine criteria and indicators for SFM.
  • Formulate the best option for future management
    of expiring TLAs.

83
Thank You !!
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