The United Nations MDG Strategy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The United Nations MDG Strategy PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: c564-YzgyM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The United Nations MDG Strategy

Description:

PRE-MATURE DEATH: Life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is less than 55 years and dropping. ... Launching national campaigns to reduce violence against women ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:99
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 35
Provided by: JohnW260
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The United Nations MDG Strategy


1
THE MILENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
OVERVIEW PROGRESS, PROSPECTS AND PRACTICE
2
The Crisis
US37,610
  • POVERTY More than one billion people in the
    world live on less than a dollar a day. Another
    1.8 billion struggle to survive on less than 2
    per day.
  • ILLITERACY Around the world, a total of 114
    million children do not get even a basic
    education and 584 million women are illiterate.
  • PRE-MATURE DEATH Life expectancy in sub-Saharan
    Africa is less than 55 years and dropping.
  • WATER AND SANITATION Four out of every ten
    people in the world don't have access even to a
    simple latrine and two in ten have no source of
    safe drinking water.

40,000
35,000
30,000
GNI Per Capita
25,000
GNI Per Capita 2003 (atlas method)
20,000
15,000
10,000
US146
5,000
10 wealthiestcountries
10 poorestcountries
3
The Action
  • At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, the
    largest gathering of world leaders in history
    adopted the Millennium Declaration, committing
    their nations to reduce poverty improve health
    and promote peace, human rights, and
    environmental sustainability.
  • The Millennium Development Goals set out a mutual
    commitment between developed and developing
    countries to make sustained progress towards
    achieving this vision.
  • Specifically, the Millennium Development Goals
    aim to reduce poverty, reduce mortality, fight
    disease and hunger, get girls and boys in school,
    empower women and give more people access to safe
    water. African countries need to make the most
    progress if they are to meet these Goals.

4
The Opportunity
  • The Millennium Development Goals can be achieved
    by 2015, even in the poorest countries, if
    strategic action is taken.
  • The world already has affordable tools to win
    this fight, such as
  • Bed-nets to fight malaria
  • Vaccinations against disease
  • Antiretroviral therapies to treat AIDS
  • Fertilizers and agro-forestry to raise crop
    yields
  • Bore wells to provide drinking water
  • Diesel generators for village electricity.
  • If the Goals are achieved
  • More than 500 million people will be lifted out
    of extreme poverty and 250 million will no longer
    suffer from hunger.
  • 30 million children will be saved who would
    otherwise die before reaching age 5 and 2 million
    maternal deaths will have been averted.
  • 350 million people will have access to safe
    drinking water and 650 million people will have
    access to basic sanitation

5
The Millennium Development Goals
  • Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower
    women
  • Goal 4 Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5 Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6 Halt and begin to reverse the spread of
    HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8 Develop a Global Partnership for
    Development
  • The MDGs are the worlds first shared set of
    integrated, quantitative and time-bound goals for
    poverty reduction

6
Another Perspective on the Goals
  • Developing Country Responsibility
  • To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • To achieve universal primary education
  • To promote gender equality and empower women
  • To reduce child mortality
  • To improve maternal health
  • To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  • To ensure environmental sustainability
  • Developed Country and Development Assistance
    Agency Responsibility
  • To establish a global partnership for development

7
Prerequisites for Countries to Achieve the Goals
  • Vision
  • Country ownership
  • Country-led partnership
  • Focus on development results

8
What is meant by vision?
  • Coherent long-term-vision
  • Medium-term strategy derived from vision
  • Country-specific development targets
  • Holistic, balanced and well sequenced strategy
  • Capacity for implementation (e.g., expenditure
    management)

9
What is meant by country ownership?
  • Vision and strategy homegrown
  • Government involved stakeholders
  • Civil society involvement
  • Private sector involvement
  • Parliamentary involvement
  • Capacity to formulate strategy

10
What is meant by country-led partnership?
  • Government leadership and coordination
  • Partners assistance in strategy alignment
  • Financial and non-financial support alignment
  • Coherent capacity support
  • Harmonization of policies and procedures
  • Appropriate partnership behaviors

11
What is meant by focus on development results?
  • Development information systems
  • Stakeholders access to development information
  • Managing for development results

12
PROGRESS TO DATE GROUP 1
  • A relatively small leading group of 12 countries
    has made good progress in implementing CDF
    principles and faces a reasonably good chance of
    achieving the MDGs defined in their poverty
    reduction strategies, provided that they stay the
    course. These countries have put in place the
    processes needed to achieve success, and have
    defined relatively clearly the goals they are
    pursuing. Most have taken action to align
    government and partners' actions with those
    goals, and to track development outcomes.

Bolivia Burkina Faso Ethiopia Ghana Guinea Kyrgyz
Republic Mauritania Rwanda Senegal Tanzania
Uganda
13
PROGRESS TO DATE GROUP 2
  • An intermediate group of 11 countries is making
    selective progress in implementing the CDF
    principles. With concerted internal actions and
    focused external partner support, they may more
    firmly embark on the road to achieving the MDGs

Albania Cape Verde Gambia Guyana Honduras Malawi M
ozambique Niger Pakistan Yemen Zambia
14
PROGRESS TO DATE GROUP 3
  • At the other end of the spectrum, a group of 25
    countries-more than half of which have features
    of low-income countries under stress (LICUS)6 or
    are affected by conflict or both-has made little
    progress in implementing the CDF principles. They
    are unlikely to reach the 2015 poverty reduction
    goals or related country goals under present
    circumstances. Closer adherence to the CDF
    principles can help these countries get on the
    right track

Armenia Azerbaijan Benin Cambodia Cameroon
CAR Chad Congo DR Cote dIvoire Djibouti Eri
trea Georgia Guinea Bissau Kenya Laos Leso
tho Madagascar Mali Moldova Mongolia Nicaragua
Sao Tome e Principe Serbia/Montenegro Sierra
Leone Tajikistan
15
WHERE WE ARE TODAY
16
WHERE WE ARE TODAY
17
WHERE WE ARE TODAY
18
WHERE WE ARE TODAY
19
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 1 Developing country governments should adopt
    MDG-based poverty reduction strategies bold
    enough to meet the Millennium Development Goal
    (MDG) targets for 2015. To meet the 2015
    deadline, we recommend that all countries have
    these strategies in place by 2008. Where Poverty
    Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) already exist,
    those should be aligned with the MDGs

20
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 2 The MDG-based poverty reduction strategies
    should anchor the scaling up of public
    investments, capacity building, domestic resource
    mobilization, and official development
    assistance. They should also provide a framework
    for strengthening governance, promoting human
    rights, engaging civil society, and promoting the
    private sector.

21
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 3 Developing country governments should craft
    and implement the MDG-based poverty reduction
    strategies in transparent and inclusive
    processes, working closely with civil society
    organizations, the domestic private sector, and
    international partners.

22
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 4 International donors should identify at least
    a dozen MDG fast-track countries for a rapid
    scale-up of official development assistance
    (ODA), recognizing that many countries are
    already in a position for a massive scale-up on
    the basis of their good governance and absorptive
    capacity.

23
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 5 Developed and developing countries should
    jointly launch a group of Quick Win actions to
    save and improve millions of lives and to promote
    economic growth.

24
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 6 Developing country governments should align
    national strategies with such regional
    initiatives as the New Partnership for Africas
    Development and the Caribbean Community (and
    Common Market), and regional groups should
    receive increased direct donor support for
    regional projects.
  •  

25
Ten Key Recommendations
  •  
  • 7 High-income countries should increase
    official development assistance (ODA) from 0.25
    percent of donor GNP in 2003 to around 0.44
    percent in 2006 and 0.54 in 2015 to support the
    Millennium Development Goals, particularly in
    low-income countries, with improved aid quality
    (including aid that is harmonized, predictable
    and largely in the form of grants-based budget
    support). Each donor should reach 0.7 percent no
    later than 2015 to support the Goals and other
    development assistance priorities

26
Ten Key Recommendations
  •  
  • 8 High-income countries should open their
    markets to developing country exports through the
    Doha trade round and help Least Developed
    Countries raise export competitiveness through
    investments in critical trade-related
    infrastructure, including electricity, roads, and
    ports.

27
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 9 International donors should mobilize support
    for global scientific research and development to
    address special needs of the poor in areas of
    health, agriculture, natural resource and
    environmental management, energy and climate. We
    estimate the total needs to rise to approximately
    7 billion by 2015.

28
Ten Key Recommendations
  • 10 The UN Secretary-General and the UN
    Development Group should strengthen the
    coordination of UN agencies, funds, and programs
    to support the MDGs at headquarters and country
    level.The UN Country Teams should be strengthened
    and should work closely with the international
    financial institutions to support the Goals.

29
Priority Interventions Quick Wins
  • Quick Wins can start countries on the path to the
    Goals
  • Eliminating school and uniform fees to ensure
    that all children, especially girls, are not out
    of school because of their families poverty
  • Providing impoverished farmers in Sub-Saharan
    Africa with affordable replenishments of soil
    nitrogen and other soil nutrients  
  • Providing free school meals for all children
    using locally produced foods with take-home
    rations  
  •  
  •  

30
Priority Interventions Quick Wins
  • Training large numbers of village workers in
    health, farming, and infrastructure (in one-year
    programs) to ensure basic expertise and services
    in rural communities  
  • Distributing free, long-lasting,
    insecticide-treated bed-nets to all children in
    malaria-endemic zones to cut decisively the
    burden of malaria 
  • Eliminating user fees for basic health services
    in all developing countries, financed by
    increased domestic and donor resources for health
  •  
  •  

31
Priority Interventions Quick Wins
  • Expanding access to sexual and reproductive
    health information and services, including family
    planning and contraceptive information and
    services, and closing existing funding gaps for
    supplies and logistics  
  • Expanding the use of proven effective drug
    combinations for AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
    For AIDS, this includes successfully completing
    the 3 by 5 initiative to bring antiretrovirals to
    3 million people  
  • Setting up funding to finance community-based
    slum upgrading and earmark idle public land for
    low-cost housing 
  •  

32
Priority Interventions Quick Wins
  • Providing access to electricity, water,
    sanitation, and the Internet for all hospitals,
    schools, and other social service institutions
    using off-grid diesel generators, solar panels,
    or other appropriate technologies  
  • Launching national campaigns to reduce violence
    against women  
  • Establishing an office of science advisor to the
    president or prime minister to consolidate the
    role of science in national policymaking
  •  

33
Time Pressure
There is still enough time to meet the
MDGsthough barely. With a systematic approach
over the next decade, many countries now
dismissed as too poor or too far off track could
still achieve the Goals, but only if the world
moves urgently with specific, scaled-up actions.

34
Next Steps
LAUNCHING A DECADE OF BOLD AMBITION
  • To launch the decade of bold ambition towards
    2015, several worldwide initiatives are needed to
    translate the Goals from ambition to action
  • Identify fast-track countries
  • Prepare MDG-based poverty reduction strategies
  • Launch a global human resource training effort
  • Launch the Quick Win initiatives
  • Engage middle-income countries in the challenge
About PowerShow.com