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Eli and Samuel

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Eli saw this and thought she was drunk. Eli rebuked her ... Samuel thought it was Eli, so he ran to see him. This happened three times ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eli and Samuel


1
Lesson 17
  • Eli and Samuel

2
Arimathea
Ramah
3
Moving Forward
  • We jump forward in the Bible to continue
    chronologically with the narrative of the period
    of the judges
  • We will return to the book of Judges later
  • We will also cover Ruth
  • The remainder of the book of Judges and the book
    of Ruth form appendices to the period of the
    judges

4
Samuels Family
  • Elkanah was from Ramathaim-Zophim in the
    mountains of Ephraim
  • Was Elkanah of the tribe of Ephraim?
  • 1 Chron. 626 tells us that he was of the tribe
    of Levi
  • How do we explain this?
  • Elkanah had two wives, Peninnah and Hannah
  • Peninnah had children, but Hannah did not

5
Samuels Family
  • Every year, Elkanah would go to Shiloh to worship
  • He gave Peninnah and her sons a portion of the
    sacrifice
  • He gave Hannah a double portion because she had
    no sons and he loved her
  • Peninnah would mock her
  • Elkanah would say, Why are you sad? Am I not
    better to you than 10 sons?

6
Hannah Prays for Samuel
  • After the sacrifice meal, Hannah went to the
    temple to pray
  • She wept bitterly and prayed earnestly
  • She made a vow that if Jehovah would give her a
    son, she would give him back
  • Her lips moved, but her voice was not heard
  • Eli saw this and thought she was drunk
  • Eli rebuked her
  • She respectfully explains and denies being drunk

7
Samuel Is Born
  • After worshipping, they returned to Ramah
  • Hannah conceived and bore Samuel, which means
    Heard by God
  • Every year, when Elkanah would go to worship the
    Lord, Hannah would stay home with Samuel
  • She did this until Samuel was weaned because she
    planned to give him to the service of the Lord in
    the tabernacle

8
Samuel Serves the Lord
  • After he was weaned, she took him with 3 bulls,
    and ephah of flour, and a skin of wine
  • She offered the sacrifice and gave the child to
    Eli
  • She told Eli who she why she was leaving Samuel
    there

9
Hannahs Prayer
  • Hannah prays a beautiful prayer
  • The theme is the power, holiness, and salvation
    of Jehovah
  • The proud and mighty are brought low and the
    humble are exalted
  • There is even a bit of a retort to Peninnahs
    provocation
  • There is a messianic reference at the end

10
Elis Sons
  • Elis sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were very wicked
  • The custom was for the priest to get boiled meat
    from a flesh hook
  • However, Hophni and Phinehas would insist that
    they be given their meat before the sacrifice was
    offered
  • If denied, they would take it by force!
  • It was so bad, that men avoided offering
    sacrifices!

11
Samuel Ministers
  • Meanwhile, Samuel ministers to the Lord at the
    tabernacle in Shiloh
  • Hannah would make him a garment and bring it
    yearly
  • Eli would bless Elkanah, saying, Jehovah give
    you descendants from this woman.
  • Hannah had 3 other sons and 2 daughters
  • Samuel grew before the Lord

12
Eli Rebukes His Sons
  • Eli told his sons that he did not hear good
    things about them
  • They were causing the people to sin
  • Eli said, If one sins against a man, God will
    judge him. Who will intercede if one sins against
    God?
  • His sons did not listen and continued in their
    wickedness

13
A Man of God Visits Eli
  • A man of god (a prophet) visits Eli and rebukes
    him
  • Eli did not show the position of the priesthood
    the proper respect by allowing his sons to
    pervert it
  • Eli honored his sons more than God
  • Hophni and Phinehas will die in the same day
  • There will not be an old man in Elis house

14
Samuel Receives the Word
  • The word of the Lord was rare when Samuel was a
    boy
  • While Eli was lying down, God called Samuel
  • Samuel thought it was Eli, so he ran to see him
  • This happened three times
  • After this, Eli knew it was God, and told Samuel
    what to do

15
Samuel Receives the Word
  • When the Lord spoke this time, Samuel said,
    Speak, Your servant hears.
  • The Lord told Samuel about the judgment of Elis
    house
  • Samuel was afraid to tell Eli, but he did
  • Samuel grew in the Lord and the Lord was with him
  • All Israel recognized Samuel as a prophet
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