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Eli and Samuel


Eli saw this and thought she was drunk. Eli rebuked her ... Samuel thought it was Eli, so he ran to see him. This happened three times ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eli and Samuel

Lesson 17
  • Eli and Samuel

Moving Forward
  • We jump forward in the Bible to continue
    chronologically with the narrative of the period
    of the judges
  • We will return to the book of Judges later
  • We will also cover Ruth
  • The remainder of the book of Judges and the book
    of Ruth form appendices to the period of the

Samuels Family
  • Elkanah was from Ramathaim-Zophim in the
    mountains of Ephraim
  • Was Elkanah of the tribe of Ephraim?
  • 1 Chron. 626 tells us that he was of the tribe
    of Levi
  • How do we explain this?
  • Elkanah had two wives, Peninnah and Hannah
  • Peninnah had children, but Hannah did not

Samuels Family
  • Every year, Elkanah would go to Shiloh to worship
  • He gave Peninnah and her sons a portion of the
  • He gave Hannah a double portion because she had
    no sons and he loved her
  • Peninnah would mock her
  • Elkanah would say, Why are you sad? Am I not
    better to you than 10 sons?

Hannah Prays for Samuel
  • After the sacrifice meal, Hannah went to the
    temple to pray
  • She wept bitterly and prayed earnestly
  • She made a vow that if Jehovah would give her a
    son, she would give him back
  • Her lips moved, but her voice was not heard
  • Eli saw this and thought she was drunk
  • Eli rebuked her
  • She respectfully explains and denies being drunk

Samuel Is Born
  • After worshipping, they returned to Ramah
  • Hannah conceived and bore Samuel, which means
    Heard by God
  • Every year, when Elkanah would go to worship the
    Lord, Hannah would stay home with Samuel
  • She did this until Samuel was weaned because she
    planned to give him to the service of the Lord in
    the tabernacle

Samuel Serves the Lord
  • After he was weaned, she took him with 3 bulls,
    and ephah of flour, and a skin of wine
  • She offered the sacrifice and gave the child to
  • She told Eli who she why she was leaving Samuel

Hannahs Prayer
  • Hannah prays a beautiful prayer
  • The theme is the power, holiness, and salvation
    of Jehovah
  • The proud and mighty are brought low and the
    humble are exalted
  • There is even a bit of a retort to Peninnahs
  • There is a messianic reference at the end

Elis Sons
  • Elis sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were very wicked
  • The custom was for the priest to get boiled meat
    from a flesh hook
  • However, Hophni and Phinehas would insist that
    they be given their meat before the sacrifice was
  • If denied, they would take it by force!
  • It was so bad, that men avoided offering

Samuel Ministers
  • Meanwhile, Samuel ministers to the Lord at the
    tabernacle in Shiloh
  • Hannah would make him a garment and bring it
  • Eli would bless Elkanah, saying, Jehovah give
    you descendants from this woman.
  • Hannah had 3 other sons and 2 daughters
  • Samuel grew before the Lord

Eli Rebukes His Sons
  • Eli told his sons that he did not hear good
    things about them
  • They were causing the people to sin
  • Eli said, If one sins against a man, God will
    judge him. Who will intercede if one sins against
  • His sons did not listen and continued in their

A Man of God Visits Eli
  • A man of god (a prophet) visits Eli and rebukes
  • Eli did not show the position of the priesthood
    the proper respect by allowing his sons to
    pervert it
  • Eli honored his sons more than God
  • Hophni and Phinehas will die in the same day
  • There will not be an old man in Elis house

Samuel Receives the Word
  • The word of the Lord was rare when Samuel was a
  • While Eli was lying down, God called Samuel
  • Samuel thought it was Eli, so he ran to see him
  • This happened three times
  • After this, Eli knew it was God, and told Samuel
    what to do

Samuel Receives the Word
  • When the Lord spoke this time, Samuel said,
    Speak, Your servant hears.
  • The Lord told Samuel about the judgment of Elis
  • Samuel was afraid to tell Eli, but he did
  • Samuel grew in the Lord and the Lord was with him
  • All Israel recognized Samuel as a prophet
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