NRM in Southern Sudan Pact Sudan presented at - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – NRM in Southern Sudan Pact Sudan presented at PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: b88b-MzcwY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

NRM in Southern Sudan Pact Sudan presented at

Description:

Engaged in Sudan since Nov. 2002. Diverse portfolio, focused broadly ... Rampant illegal logging (teak, mahogany, ebony) No community-based forest initiatives ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:140
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: Gumb1
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: NRM in Southern Sudan Pact Sudan presented at


1
NRM in Southern Sudan (Pact Sudan) presented
at
  • Pact Global Natural Resources Management Platform
  • St. George Hotel, Pretoria, Republic of South
    Africa
  • April 21st 25th, 2008

2
Pact Sudan Country Program
  • Engaged in Sudan since Nov. 2002
  • Diverse portfolio, focused broadly on
    peace-building
  • To support the Sudanese aspirations for peace,
    stability and development through the successful
    implementation of the Comprehensive Peace
    Agreement
  • 120 staff, 7 offices with HQ in Juba
  • Funding Sources (approx 8 million/yr)
  • USAID (DG, OTI, OFDA, CMM)
  • Multi Donor Trust Fund (GoSS WB)
  • UNDP
  • Canadians (DFAIT CIDA)
  • British (DFID)

3
Project Overview
  • Water program
  • Boreholes, haffirs, water catchments etc…
  • Technically assisting GoSS Ministry of Water
    Irrigation
  • Peace building Conflict Mitigation program
  • Grass-root conflict resolution peace-building
    activities
  • Cross-border initiatives Sudan-Ethiopia
  • Early warning mechanism
  • Community security stability
  • Local government capacity building activities
  • Youth road work
  • Formal government partners Southern Sudan Peace
    Commission (SSPC), and Southern Sudan
    Demobilization, Disarmament Reintegration
    Commission (SSDDRC)

4
Political Context
  • Incipient regional government in South (GOSS)
    following the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
    (CPA) signed in 2005
  • 6 year interim period including, North-South
    border demarcation, census, elections
    referendum (2011)
  • Weak regulation / legislation / institutional
    environment
  • Widespread possession of small arms by
    communities
  • Weak/conflicting political institutions
  • Total dependence of GoSS and the communities on
    oil for survival
  • High expectations by both government
    public/communities

5
Social Context
  • Highly fragmented, traumatized population
  • High rate of returnees with diverse experiences
    of the war
  • Reintegration of Returnees to places of origin
    not well supported
  • Inter-communal Conflict ongoing in many areas
    fragility of CPA

6
Economic Context
  • Oil rich (especially in border areas) erratic
    mineral deposits
  • Land issues/rights becoming increasingly
    important contentious GoSS Interim
    Constitution stipulates that land belongs to the
    communities
  • Huge emphasis in the CPA
  • Nomadic pastoralists (limited organized farming)
  • Lifeline largely dependent on Uganda, Kenya and
    the North
  • Lack of long term investment

7
Business Context
  • Highly politicized environment
  • Little engagement so far from INGOs in NRM
  • China key player in the north-south relations
  • Kenya Uganda taking advantage of short term
    opportunities
  • High risk environment for investors because of
    local conflicts and poor physical infrastructure
  • High short-term investment reward environment
  • Influence from the North still dominant

8
NRM in Southern Sudan
  • Limited direct project experience in NRM, but
    becoming increasingly important, especially as
  • GoSS institutions increase in capacity
    (legislation, regulation, NRM working group)
  • Civil society is empowered
  • INGOs move from humanitarian to recovery/develop
  • Private sector competition increases
  • Many links to peace building
  • Worked with GoSS ministry of water resources and
    irrigation during the drafting water policy for
    Southern Sudan

9
High Value NR in Southern Sudan
  • Oil resources
  • Displacement of dozens of villages (pre-CPA)
  • Only source of revenue for GoSS
  • Contracts signed before CPA not reversible
  • Cause of border dispute between South North
  • Most oil fields fall in Sudd wetlands i.e.
    threats to wetlands delicate biodiversity

10
High Value NR continued…
  • Minerals deposits
  • Limited formal extraction but isolated illegal
    mining happening
  • Contributes to local conflicts
  • Viewed as low priority at the moment
  • Border disputes between North South
    Kafia-kinji, Western BeG Southern Darfur

11
Low Value NR in Southern Sudan
  • Land
  • Under utilized arable lands i.e. only subsistence
    farming
  • Land pollution due to improper garbage disposal
  • Rapid urbanization, population growth …
  • Communities feel robbed of land by growing
    investments
  • Scarcity dissuasive to returnee process
  • Source of conflict
  • Between GOSS/GONU/State levels
  • Between IDPs/Returnees and host communities
  • Inter-communal (between ethnic groups) threats
    to South-South relations
  • Dynamics of growing tensions between
    agriculturists and pastoralists

12
Low Value NR Continued
  • Forest Resources
  • Weak enforcement of forest policies
  • 100 dependence on forest for household fuel
    needs (charcoal, wood etc) construction
    activities
  • Rampant illegal logging (teak, mahogany, ebony)
  • No community-based forest initiatives

13
Low Value NR Continued
  • Wildlife Resources
  • Trans-boundary initiative between S. Sudan
    Uganda (Pact involved)
  • Game forests reserves/National Parks exist
    between S. Sudan and DRC, Uganda, Central Africa
    Republic Ethiopia
  • Large population of wild animals of high
    conservation value
  • World Conservation Society (WCS) engaging

14
Low Value NR Continued
  • Water Resources
  • Nile Basin Initiative viewed with political
    skepticism by SS (Egypt, North regional
    interest)
  • Sudd wetlands declared a Ramsar Site in 2006
  • Jonglei Canal highly politicized issue
  • Lack of facility to monitor water quality
  • Pollution mainly from small scale business
    activities along the Nile Oil exploration
  • Abundant fish stock traditional fishing
    practice
  • Split among three GoSS ministries coordination
    challenges

15
Opportunity
  • Timing high level of interest and growing
    awareness within government, civil society
    communities plus interest of intl community.
  • Pacts comparative advantage building upon Pact
    Sudans past experience and knowledge on
    resource-based conflicts and network of local
    partners

16
Challenges
  • Weak policies promoting NRM
  • Low technical capacity to manage natural
    resources
  • Uncoordinated efforts between technocrats and
    policy/law makers
  • Rare involvement of the communities in the
    process of decision-making
  • NRM competing with other agendas

17
Potential Threats to NRM
  • Interests of Multi-national companies
  • Irreversible oil concessions reached before the
    CPA - maximizing interim period
  • Lack of environmental controls
  • Interests of Northern Govt vs. GoSS
  • Poverty driving communities to exploit
    environment
  • Weak institutions governing NR

18
Current Initiatives
  • GoSS Natural Resources working group
  • Pact Sudan internal NRM working group
  • Pact Sudan internal NR mapping capacity (with
    possible support from Pact Madagascar)
  • Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) involving countries
    in the basin
  • WCS focus on wildlife

19
  • THANK YOU !
  • Questions?
About PowerShow.com