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Middle School: Higher Expectations and Higher Engagement

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Are middle school students on target to be college and work ready? ... 21% of 2006 high school graduates met all four College Readiness Benchmarks ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle School: Higher Expectations and Higher Engagement


1
Middle SchoolHigher Expectations andHigher
Engagement
Cynthia B. Schmeiser National Symposium on Middle
School Education September 2006
2
ACT Research
  • Are middle school students on target to be
    college and work ready?
  • What factors make a difference in college
    readiness?
  • What can we do to improve readiness?

3
Data Sources
  • 640,000 8th- and 9th- grade students who took
    ACTs EXPLORE program in 2005-06
  • 50 female
  • 50 male
  • 35 minority students

4
How Do We Define College Readiness?
  • Empirical basis tied to college success
  • ACT College Readiness Benchmarks
  • Directly tied to knowledge and skills students
    need to attain

5
ACTs College ReadinessBenchmarks
  • EXPLORE PLAN ACT
  • (8-9th) (10th) (11-12th)
  • English 13 15 18
  • Math 17 19 22
  • Reading 15 17 21
  • Science 20 21 24

6
Current State of College ReadinessMiddle School
Students
Not enough middle school students are on target
to be college ready when they leave high school.
7
Current State of College ReadinessClasses of
2006, 2008, 2010
  • 21 of 2006 high school graduates met all four
    College Readiness Benchmarks
  • 21 of 10th graders (Class of 2008) are on target
    to be college-ready
  • 13 of 8th graders (Class of 2010) are on target
    to be college-ready
  • Students in pipeline do not look any better
    prepared

8
What Happens When We TrackSame Students Over
Time?
More 8th- and 10th-grade students nationally are
on target to be college ready than are actually
ready when they graduate from high school.
9
Factors that Make a Difference
Taking the core curriculum (4-3-3-3) increases
academic achievement, college readiness, and
college success.
10
Realities in Middle School
  • Yet only 35 of 2006 EXPLORE-tested students are
    planning to take a core curriculum in high
    school!
  • 4 years English
  • 3 years Math
  • 3 years Social Science
  • 3 years Science

The majority of middle school students are not
even planning on taking the right number of
courses in high school.
11
Factors that Make a Difference
  • Students who take core least one math course
    beyond Algebra II are 3 times more likely to be
    college ready in math

12
Factors that Make a Difference
  • Students who take core that includes physics are
    3 times more likely to be college ready in science

13
Factors that Make a Difference
Students who take core are more likely to be
ready for college.
14
Factors that Make a Difference
Students who take core curriculum enroll in
college at higher rates than those who do not.
15
Factors that Make a Difference
Students who take core curriculum are more likely
to stay in college regardless of gender,
race/ethnicity, and income
16
Factors that Make a Difference
Middle school students who are on target in
reading are significantly more likely to be on
target to be ready in other areas.
17
Realities in Middle School Reading
Of those 2006 EXPLORE students who did NOT meet
the EXPLORE Reading Benchmark
Students who are NOT on target in reading in
middle school are significantly more likely NOT
to be on target in English, math, and science.
  • Only 40 are on target in English
  • Only 15 are on target in Math
  • Only 1 are on target in Science

18
One Last Reality for Middle Schools
Our Latest Research Suggests IF students do not
achieve a minimum level of academic preparation
by middle school. It wont matter what they do
in high school.
Middle school Students who are NOT on target are
at significant risk additional coursework in
high school is not likely to overcome these
deficits.
19
Summary of Some Factors that Make a Difference
  • Students need to be on target to be college ready
    in middle school
  • Students who are on target to be college ready in
    reading in middle school are more likely to be
    college ready in other subjects
  • All students should take the right number of
    courses in high school
  • All students should take the right kinds of
    courses in high schoolmddle school

20
What Can We Do for Students?
  • High Engagement and High
  • Expectations
  • Early identification and intervention
  • Early college/career exploration and planning
  • Encourage all students to take the right numbers
    and kinds of courses in high school
  • Measure and monitor the progress toward college
    readiness early and throughout high school

21
What Can We Do for Schools?
  • P-16 alignment is critical
  • Articulate postsecondary expectations and K-12
    standards
  • Start monitoring college readiness before high
    school
  • Intervene with those students who are falling
    behind in reading and math in upper elementary
    grades
  • Ensure that high school courses are focused on
    rigorous skills needed for college readiness

22
What Can We Do for Schools?
  • Incorporate reading expectations into content
    area state standards at the secondary level
  • Offer staff development support to high school
    teachers to strengthen reading instruction
    across the high school curriculum
  • Strengthen state assessments so that they measure
    college readiness

23
Middle SchoolHigher Expectations andHigher
Engagement
Cynthia B. Schmeiser National Symposium on Middle
School Education September 2006
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