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NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY:

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Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) is an allied health specialty which utilizes ... Understanding nuclear medicine instrumentation systems, and quality control ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY:


1
NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY The Career and
Curriculum Gary R. Eastman CNMT Operations
Manager/Program DirectorHines VA
HospitalNuclear Medicine Service
2
WHAT IS NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY ??
  • Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) is an allied
    health specialty which utilizes radioactive
    materials to diagnose and treat disease. The
    field involves patient care, diagnostic imaging,
    laboratory analysis of patient samples, and the
    therapeutic administration of radioisotopes.
  • NMT practice also involves varying duties
    pertaining to the operation and management of the
    clinic or department.

3
WHAT ARE THE BASIC DUTIES OF A NUCLEAR MEDICINE
TECHNOLOGIST ??
  • Direct responsibility for the care of patients
  • Prepare and administer radiopharmaceuticals to
    patients
  • Operate Nuclear and PET imaging equipment
  • Computer analysis of acquired data
  • Perform laboratory functions utilizing
    radioactive materials
  • Perform tasks to assure good radiation safety
    practices
  • Record keeping functions to assure regulatory
    compliance
  • Office/Clinic operations, Quality Assurance,
    etc.

4
IMAGING INSTRUMENTATION
5
Dual Head Gamma Camera
6
Single Head Gamma Camera
7
Dual Head - PET Capable
8
Triple Head Gamma Camera
9
IS THE JOB HAZARDOUS ??
  • Although the handling of radioactive and
    potentially biohazardous materials (Blood) are
    duties of the NMT, Proper training and the use of
    personal protective equipment (PPE) virtually
    eliminates hazardous conditions in the working
    environment.
  • Radiation exposure is an occupational reality in
    NMT. Good radiation safety practices keep
    exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable
    (ALARA).

10
ALARA
11
WHAT IS THE WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENT FOR A NMT ??
  • Nuclear Medicine Technologist's work in a wide
    variety of settings. Most NMT's work in a
    hospital setting. However, an increasing number
    of NMT's are working in clinical imaging centers,
    or in industry.
  • Many NMT's also work in office settings. Duties
    may involve such things as administration,
    education, computer applications and safety.

12
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13
IS THE CURRICULUM FOR AN NMT DIFFICULT ??
  • The NMT must have an educational background in a
    wide range of subjects. Basic and Advanced
    Science Courses, Mathematics, Computer Science,
    Psychology, Communication and Business courses
    are all required or highly recommended.
  • Specialized Nuclear/Radiation courses form a
    solid base and promote good radiation safety
    practices.
  • The curriculum provides a challenging and highly
    rewarding educational experience.

14
COLLEGE COURSES WITH RELATIONSHIP TO NMT PRACTICE
  • Chemistry
  • Biology and Anatomy/Physiology
  • Physics
  • Mathematics/Statistics
  • Computer Science
  • Psychology/Sociology
  • Communications
  • Business and Other Related Courses

15
WHY DO I NEED TO KNOW ALL THIS STUFF ??
16
CHEMISTRY COURSES
  • These courses provide a foundation for skills
    utilized daily by an NMT in Preparation and
    Quality Control of Radiopharmaceuticals, and in
    the performance of laboratory and In-Vitro
    procedures.
  • The required laboratory portion of chemistry
    courses provides the student with the necessary
    experience to insure safe and accurate clinical
    practices.

17
CHEMISTRY
18
BIOLOGY/ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY COURSES
  • Anatomy affords the student an understanding and
    identification of the organ systems of the human
    body.
  • Physiology provides essential instruction, as it
    is the base of nuclear medicine involving the
    bio-distributions and mechanisms of localization
    of radiopharmaceuticals
  • NMTs must have expertise in radiopharmaceutical
    and non-radioactive drug interactions on a
    cellular level as well as on a systems level.

19
BIOLOGY/ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

20
PHYSICS COURSES
  • Understanding nuclear medicine instrumentation
    systems, and quality control is fundamental.
  • The interactions within the human body of the
    various types of radiation and their associated
    energies have a critical effect on medical
    imaging and therapeutic procedures. This
    knowledge is crucial for the practicing NMT.

21
PHYSICS
22
MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS COURSES
  • Mathematical calculations, including those
    pertaining to the statistical nature of Nuclear
    Medicine imaging are performed on a routine basis
    in the practice of NMT.

23
MATHEMATICS/STASTICS
24
COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES
  • Computer science forms the base of medical
    imaging. NMT has developed from a basic
    "artistic" imaging modality to a modality
    requiring a great deal of knowledge of computer
    principles and applications.
  • Computers perform tasks in many facets of NMT
    practice including Patient scheduling, Record
    keeping, Instrumentation operation/Quality
    Control, Data Manipulation (Processing) and
    network applications such as PACS.

25
COMPUTER SCIENCE
26
PSYCHOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY COURSES
  • These courses provide students a foundation for
    the critical ability to interact with patients in
    a often challenging clinical setting.
  • NMT's must understand the unique situations and
    problems encountered while working in a medical
    setting with sometimes critically ill patients
    and concerned family members.

27
PHYCHOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY
28
COMMUNICATIONS COURSES (WRITTEN, ORAL)
  • Good oral communication skills are extremely
    important not only in patient interactions but
    also in contacts with physicians, nursing
    personnel, technologists and other support staff
    in a medical setting.
  • Good written communication skills are important
    in report generation and clinical operations.

29
COMMUNICATIONS
30
BUSINESS AND OTHER RELATED COURSES
  • Many nuclear medicine technologist duties have
    evolved from primarily direct patient imaging to
    a career involved with the many facets of
    office/clinic operations.
  • This requires an understanding and a level of
    competency in business related courses.

31
BUSINESS PRACTICES
  • Patient Education
  • Marketing
  • Coding/Billing
  • Quality Assurance
  • Report Generation
  • Record Keeping
  • Regulatory Compliance
  • Procedure Development
  • ??????????????????????

32
NUCLEAR MEDICINE IMAGES
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38
WHAT IS THE CURRENT JOB MARKET FOR ENTRY LEVEL
NMT'S ??
  • Nuclear Medicine Technologists are currently in
    great demand nationwide. Numerous career
    opportunities are available in virtually every
    area of the country in a variety of workplace
    settings.
  • Many of the currently available positions offer
    excellent starting salaries, full benefits,
    relocation assistance, student loan assistance,
    continuing education allowances and sign on
    bonuses.

39
WHAT IS THE CURRENT SALARY FOR NMT'S ??
  • The salary level for entry level NMT's varies
    considerably from geographical location and level
    of responsibility. The current average salary
    for entry level NMT's is 40,000 - 60,000
    annually.
  • Additional income is available for on-call duties
    or by employment in staffing agencies.

40
When Do I Start ???
41
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION !!!
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