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If it werent for students impeding our progress in our race to the end of the term, we could certain

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( Is the image an enlargement or a reduction?) Ch. 6- Quadrilaterals. Ch. 8- Polygons and Area ... enlargement. scale factor (k) scale drawing. map. preimage ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: If it werent for students impeding our progress in our race to the end of the term, we could certain


1
  • If it werent for students impeding our progress
    in our race to the end of the term, we could
    certainly be sure of covering the material. The
    question, however is not whether we as teachers
    can get to the end of the text or the end of the
    term, but whether our students are with us on
    that journey.
  • Pat Cross, Director

  • Classroom Research Project

  • University of California, Berkley

2
Content Enhancement
  • An approach to teaching content to academically
    diverse groups of students
  • University of Kansas
  • Center for Research on Learning
  • Lawrence, Kansas

3
Objective
  • The teachers will have an awareness of Content
    Enhancement, a research based instructional
    approach, in order to meet both group and
    individual needs while maintaining the integrity
    of the content.

4
The Challenge
  • Large volume of information
  • Same amount of instructional time
  • High expectations for student achievement
  • Greater cultural and academic diversity among
    students
  • Value of content is questioned
  • Unrealistic planning expectations
  • Learning is difficult for many students

5
Content Enhancement
  • A way of teaching an academically diverse group
    of students in which
  • both group and individual needs are valued and
    met
  • the integrity of the content is maintained
  • critical features of the content are selected and
    transformed in a manner that promotes student
    learning and
  • instruction is carried out in a partnership with
    students.

6
is about
Barrier-Free Education
planning
Principles
is based on
is planned through
?Shape critical questions concepts ?Map
critical content ?Analyze for learning
difficulties ?Reach enhancement decisions ?Teach
strategically ?Evaluate content
enhancements ?Revisit questions
?Both group and individual needs are
met ?Integrity of content is maintained ?Critical
content is transformed ?Instruction is a
partnership
involves
Routines
Devices
Strategic Teaching
?Cue?Do-Linking Steps?Review
for
Increasing Performance
Planning Leading Learning
Explaining
Text, Topics, Details, Terms
Teaching Concepts
?Quality Assignment?Question Exploration
?Recall Enhancement ? Order Routine
?Course Organizer?Unit Organizer?Lesson
Organizer
?Framing?Survey?Clarifying ?LINCS
?Concept Mastery?Concept Anchoring?Concept
Comparison
7
(No Transcript)
8
Content Enhancement is a Powerful Tool
  • Links new content to prior knowledge
  • Guides learning effectively and efficiently
  • Turns abstract concepts into a visual map
  • Teaches analysis, conclusions and problem solving
  • Focuses on essential information
  • Organizes information meaningfully
  • Sets the purpose for learning
  • Breaks down complex concepts
  • Improves acquisition and storage of large amounts
    of information
  • Engages students in student/teacher instructional
    process
  • Provides a visual map of previous lessons to
    present and future lessons

9
NAME
Unit Organizer SEVEN
BIGGER PICTURE
4
DATE
NEXT CHAPTER
LAST CHAPTER
3
2
CURRENT UNIT
CURRENT CHAPTER
1
Ch. 7- Similarity ()
Ch. 8- Polygons and Area
Ch. 6- Quadrilaterals
is about...
CHAPTER MAP
REAL WORLD CONNECTIONS
8
5
figures with the same shape and proportional size


using
dilations (size change)

ratio and proportion

including

by identifying


using
requiring us to

similar polygons

proportions and similar triangles


show triangles are similar
6
cluster
  • How can you justify that two polygons are
    similar?
  • How are similar figures used to determine
    distances?
  • How does the scale factor help determine the type
    of dilation? (Is the image an enlargement or a
    reduction?)

SELF-TEST QUESTIONS
compare/contrast
justify
RELATIONSHIPS
7
10
NAME
The Unit Organizer
Ch. 7- Similarity ()
DATE
Expanded Chapter Map
9
is about...
dilations (size change)
figures with the same shape and proportional size
including
using
ratio and proportion

by identifying
  • transformations
  • dilation
  • reduction
  • enlargement
  • scale factor (k)
  • scale drawing
  • map
  • preimage
  • image


using
requiring us to
show triangles are similar
proportions and similar triangles
  • ratio (a to b, ab, )
  • proportion
  • means/extremes
  • unit conversion
  • Cross Product
  • Property

similar () polygons
  • Angle-Angle (AA)
  • Similarity Postulate
  • Side-Side-Side (SSS)
  • Similarity Theorem
  • Side-Angle-Side (SAS)
  • Similarity Theorem
  • similar polygons
  • similarity statement
  • scale factor (k)
  • perimeter
  • Perimeters of
  • Similar Polygons
  • Theorem
  • midsegment of a triangle
  • Triangle Proportionality Theorem
  • Converse of the Triangle
  • Proportionality Theorem
  • The Midsegment Theorem

10
NOTES
11
Drama-Play
Romeo and Juliet Sad endings Conflicts Poetry
Hero Heroine Flaws Fate Revenge Laughter Se
rious Irony mistakes
comic relief
tragic ending serious
happy ending
poetic form
revenge death
prose-narrative
historical truth
fate-chance happenings
flaws in major conflict
peaceful resolution
internal/external conflict
irony
written by Shakespeare
Romeo and Juliet
newspaper
Hamlet
Short stories
Macbeth
Grease
A Shakespearean tragedy is a specific kind of
Shakespearean plan (drama) that is serious in
tone and has an unhappy ending that is brought
about by four major elements the theme of
revenge, twists of fate, conflicts and a Major
flaw in the hero or heroine of the play.
12
SMARTER
  • Selecting critical content outcomes.
  • Mapping content structures.
  • Analyzing learning difficulty.
  • Reaching enhancement decisions.
  • Teaching strategically.
  • Evaluating content enhancements.
  • Reevaluating outcomes.

13
SMARTER
  • Effective planning routines can guide how we
    select and implement Teaching Routines.

14
A Structured Cue-Do- Review Sequence
  • The overall instructional process that guides use
    of the Teaching Device and Linking Steps.
  • This instructional process involves
  • Cue
  • Do
  • Review

15
How Well Does Content Enhancement Really Work?
Each routine has been studied in secondary
content-area classes characterized by diversity.
In each study, teachers mastered the routine in
four or less uses.
Student learning gains were observed by both
teachers and researchers
In each study, students
gained an average of at least 10 to 20 percentage
points on tests or tasks
that require students to demonstrate learning.
In general, the greatest gains were seen
in classes where teachers had the highest
expectations for student leaning and were
consistent in their use of the routine
over time.
16
Content Enhancement A Powerful Teaching Device
  • An instructional tool that
  • is used under teacher guidance
  • focuses attention on important outcomes
  • identifies critical content features
  • prompts elaboration on critical points
  • carries out instruction in a student-teacher
    partnership

17
Its a Win Win Situation
  • Content Enhancement helps students see that they
    can learn and that information can influence
    their lives.
  • The adoption of a Content Enhancement approach to
    instruction enables teachers to meet many of the
    learning needs of the individual and the group.
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