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Devolved Governance, Political Participation and Third Sector Equalities Organisations in Wales Paul

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Electoral Politics. Summary: Critical evaluation of third sector. 3. Methods/ Evaluation Criteria ... Electoral Politics. 3rd sector equalities orgs. issuing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Devolved Governance, Political Participation and Third Sector Equalities Organisations in Wales Paul


1
Devolved Governance, Political Participation
and Third Sector Equalities Organisations in
Wales Paul Chaney Chaneyp_at_cardiff.ac.uk
2
Content
  • Aims/ methods/ evaluation criteria
  • Context
  • The Third Sector in Wales
  • Inclusive Governance structures of engagement
    (?)
  • Evidence the nature and extent of
    post-devolution engagement in work of govt.
  • Ministerial meetings with 3rd sector reps
  • Govt. Funding of third sector policy networks
  • Assembly cross- party equality committee
  • The views of members of 3rd sector orgs
  • Petitions Committee
  • Electoral Politics
  • Summary Critical evaluation of third sector

3
Methods/ Evaluation Criteria
  • Methods
  • Qualitative semi structured interviews
  • Purposive sample 3rd sector equalities
    organisations
  • Evaluation Criteria
  • Pro-devolution discourse gt a new, more inclusive
    and participatory democracy (Welsh
    Office,199819).
  • Neo-institutionalist perspective
  • Mainstreaming

4
Mainstreaming
  • the integration of respect for diversity and
    equality of opportunity principles, strategies
    and practices into the every day work of
    government and other public bodies. It means
    that equality issues should be included from the
    outset as an integral part of the policy-making
    and service delivery process and the achievement
    of equality should inform all aspects of the work
    of every individual within an organisation.
    (NAfW 20046).

5
Context Devolution and the Discourse of 3rd
Sector engagement
  • Third Sector offers alternative to centralised
    state practices (Hain, 1999).
  • the Assembly will be able to develop a
    partnership the Government will encourage it to
    harness the special contribution which voluntary
    organizations can make in a wide range of policy
    areas (Welsh Office, 199819).
  • if the Assembly is to fulfil the expectations of
    operating inclusively and in partnership with
    others, then it will need to work closely with
    voluntary and community organizations (WCVA,
    19998).

6
(No Transcript)
7
Inclusive Governance structures of 3rd sector
engagement (?)
  • Statutory Equality Duty (S.77, GOWA)
  • Cross- Party Equality Committee (Standing Order
    17)
  • WAG Equality and Human Rights Unit
  • Voluntary Sector Scheme (S.74 GOWA, 2006)
  • Third Sector Partnership Council
  • Petitions Committee (post GOWA, 2006) (SO.28)

8
Voluntary Sector Scheme
  • the goal is the creation of a civil society
    which has a duty to promote equality of
    opportunity to all its members regardless of
    race, colour, sex, sexual orientation, age,
    marital status, disability, language preference,
    religion or family/domestic responsibilities
    (NAfW, 2000).

9
(No Transcript)
10
State Sponsoring of 3rd Sector Equalities Networks
  • Welsh Assembly Government Funded Equality Policy
    Networks. All Wales Ethnic Minority Association
    (AWEMA) Womens Voice/ Welsh Womens National
    Coalition (WWNC) LGB Forum Cymru/ Stonewall
    Cymru Minority Ethnic Womens Network Cymru
    (MEWN) Disability Wales Black Voluntary Sector
    Network Wales
  • Policy Networks around Equality and Rights for
    Children. Accompanied and Unaccompanied Asylum
    Seekers Network All Wales Children and Young
    Peoples Advocacy Providers Network Childrens
    Rights Practice Exchange Groups The Disabled
    Children Policy Group The Forum on Issues for
    Disabled Children The Early Years and Childcare
    Advisory Group End Child Poverty Network Cymru
    Fatherhood Wales Forum, Fatherhood Wales Policy
    Group Fforwm Magu Plant/Parenting Forum Looking
    After Health Exchange The Sure Start Network
    The Young Disabled Persons Network Young Carers
    Workers Network Children and Young Peoples
    Participation in Cymru Network and,
    Participation Workers Network Wales

11
(No Transcript)
12
The Views of Members of 3rd Sector Equality
Organisations
  • General acknowledgement positive effect of new
    structures of engagement/ political recognition
  • Ive been here long enough to remember things
    before i.e. during the Welsh Office things
    have changed for the better in my view.
  • Small orgs concerns uneven playing field gt
    bigger, better funded 3rd sector orgs greatest
    influence in policy circles (e.g. childrens and
    youth organisations)
  • State funding invaluable recipient orgs
  • Steep post-99 learning curve in engaging with
    devolved policy work
  • A devolved equalities Lobby

13
  • Concern over bureaucratisation / drawn into govt
    agenda
  • homogenisation of equality strand
    representation
  • Steep learning curve gt Policy work
  • Majority of interviewees positive about
    electronic means of political engagement
  • Complexity of Welsh devolution settlement gt
    challenge to 3rd sector orgs
  • Key issue State funding of 3rd sector networks/
    orgs gt interviewees acknowledged potential effect
    on autonomy
  • Concerns over representativeness of TSPC
    networks

14
Views of 3rd Sector Equality Organisations 3.
  • Interviewees expressed need for govt.to broaden
    the circles of 3rd sector engagement
  • mixed views on whether voices heard in policy
    consultations/ effectiveness of their lobbying
  • Children, older people, learning disabilities,
    Muslim women cited good policy influence
  • In contrast a minority, inc. race equality orgs
    felt they were ignored not a partnership of
    equals
  • Increasing competition over access/ dilution of
    influence
  • increasing role of cross-border 3rd sector
    equality orgs

15
Petitions Committee
  • 10 of admissible petitions put forward /
    supported by third sector equalities
    organisations and concerned with equalities
    issues
  • Examples Disability gt Extend Provision of
    Accessible Bus Services (P-03-090) increase the
    number of people with a learning disability
    employed by the public sector in Wales (P-03-170)
  • Interviewees benefits gt accessibility,
    transparency and cost effective nature
  • On line tracking of progress/ deliberations.
    Evidence
  • Does it work? gt Coleg Ffederal

16
Electoral Politics
  • 3rd sector equalities orgs.
  • issuing own equalities
  • manifestos gt all-Wales elections
  • Individual orgs issuing own manifestos (e.g.
    Cerebral palsy org. called on govt. banish
    disablism through public procurement)
  • Alliances of equalities NGOs issuing manifestos
    on single policy issues (e.g. free home care for
    disabled people, child poverty etc)
  • Alliances of equalities NGOs issuing manifestos
    on all aspects of equality (e.g. Welsh Equality
    Reference Group)
  • Effect? Parties/ candidates signing up to adopt
    3rd sector orgs proposals (e.g. Welsh Refugee
    Council/ One Wales)

17
Summary Critical Evaluation of Equality
Organisations Political Participation
  • Devolution gt development of a nascent equalities
    policy lobby
  • New governance structures gt increased system
    openness giving 3rd sector equalities orgs.
    voice in policymaking
  • General continuity of govt. policy style
  • Issues of representativeness of TSPC
    /neo-corporatism
  • concerns gt bureaucratisation and
    professionalisation of 3rd sector equalities
    orgs.

18
Summary Critical Evaluation of Equality
Organisations Political Participation
  • Significant discontinuity with pre. devo era
  • Rights, recognition, redistribution
  • Governance structures facilitate engagement
  • Failure to mainstream
  • Growing capacity of 3rd sector eq. Orgs to engage
    in policymaking
  • Danger of co-option into govt. agenda
  • Need to broaden circles of engagement
  • Danger of replacing one elite process with another

19
Summary Critical Evaluation of Equality
Organisations Political Participation
  • Mainstreaming?
  • authentic voices gt limited no. of orgs. tended
    to dominate dealing with the state for each
    equality strand
  • much unevenness across govt. depts in addressing
    equalities issues in policy
  • Monitoring and evaluation interviewees
    concernedgt seldom asked for their views on
    effectiveness of past policies lessons learned
  • concerns gt govt. devoted much attention to some
    equality strands (e.g. gender, children, older
    people) yet others felt ignored (e.g. race,
    faith)
  • Concerns gt govt.s general failure to apply basic
    mainstreaming tools e.g. equality impact
    assessments and gender/ equalities budgeting
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