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National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign 2009

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Title: National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign 2009


1
WELCOME National Conference on Agriculture for
Kharif Campaign 2009 Presentation by Agriculture
Production Department JK State
2
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3
Agro Climatic Zone
4
Agro Climatic Zone (Contd……..)
5
Characteristic features
  • Predominately an Agriculture economy
  • Estimate of Total Population is approximately
    1.20 Crores
  • 70 population depend on Agriculture
  • Small/Marginal Farmers are 85
  • Foodgrain production is around 16 lakh tones
  • Huge Diversity exists in Geography
    Agro-climatic Conditions
  • 27 Contribution is of Agric. Sector to State
    GDP
  • Share in Plan Allocation is only 3.49

6
Characteristic features (Contd…..)
  • Geographical area 2.22 lakh sq
    Kms
  • Net Cultivated area 7.52 lakh ha
  • (Only 35 of total reported
    area against National Av. of
    46)
  • Gross Cvtd. Area 11.02 lakh ha
  • Net area irrigated 3.11 lakh ha
    (42 )
  • Av. land holding size 0.66 ha
  • Cultivable Waste Lands 1.41 lakh ha

7
Limitations/Drawbacks
  • Fragile Soil in hilly areas susceptible to soil
    erosion
  • Limits to mechanized farming and transportation
    of products
  • Drought prone areas in Doda, Kishtwar, Ramban,
    Udhampur Reasi districts
  • Extreme limits to irrigability of cultivated land
  • Single Cropping season of Kharif in temperate /
    high altitude areas of Jammu, Kashmir Ladakh
    regions
  • Inadequate and unorganized marketing
    infrastructure
  • Distant markets for export outside the State

8
Production of various crops in J K State

National Approved Targets
9
Production of various crops in J K
State (Contd……….)
  • Concern Deficit in production
  • Food grains 40
  • Oil seeds 82
  • Vegetables 15

10
Food deficiency Syndrome
11
Potential exists in
  • Optimizing production in irrigated areas through
    integrated Approach
  • Basmati Rice and Rajmash can be produced
    organically in more than 30,000 hect. 2,000
    hect area respectively. (Market exists outside
    state)
  • Diversification through
  • Off-season vegetables, potatoes, aromatic
    medicinal plants, Virus free potato seed for all
    seasons, Development of commercial floriculture
  • Mushrooms round the year, honey and honey
    by-products, fodder intensification, etc.
  • Wide range of flora available to boost bee
    keeping Boost to Quality Saffron Production

12
Strategy
  • Timely sowing of treated seeds of rice, maize
    etc., Timely arrangements and easy assess of
    inputs (seeds, fertilizers, technology, etc.)
  • Ensuring supplies of Quality Inputs Services
  • Stress on Soil Water Management
  • Augmenting Seed/Grain Storage Capacity of Farmers
  • Gearing up Extension Network Capacity building
    of Farmers in Quality/C Seed Production
  • Diversification in cropping system to
  • Reduce pressure on water resources
  • Provide alternatives for marketable crop products
    and higher income
  • Generate more employment opportunities through
    crops having scope in value addition such as
    MAPs, Bamboo, Flowers, Fruits, Sericulture, etc.
  • Augment credit through KCCs

13
Rabi Assessment
  • Targets of Area Coverage under all Rabi Crops
    reported Covered
  • Early rains followed by long dry spell in Nov
    Dec, then only two light showers in Mid Jan. and
    Mid Feb. and again a dry spell since then have
    marred the prospects of Bumper Rabi Crops
  • Severe Attack of Yellow rust disease reported in
    almost all varieties of Wheat along Jammu, Samba
    districts

14
Assessment of Wheat Crop (Damage due to Yellow
Rust)
15
Kharif Prospects
  • Targets of area coverage were reported as fully
    realized during Kharif 2008
  • Heavy rains, high velocity winds and hailstorm in
    a number of villages of Jammu and Samba
    districts, at maturity and near maturity stage of
    rice crop caused extensive damage ranging from
    10 to even 100
  • For Kharif 2009, IPM INM are planned on a
    larger scale to realize objectives of balanced
    fertilizer application and healthy pest control
    practices for higher yield
  • Distribution of 6000 qtls of HYV/Hybrid seeds of
    maize is planned. It is proposed that higher
    incentive must be provided on distribution of
    Hybrid seeds of Maize as well under ISOPOM and
    not only the Certified Seeds

16
Kharif Prospects (Contd…….)
  • Blast disease of Rice has assumed serious
    proportions in cooler and intermediate areas of
    the State, causing 10-15 loss in production
  • Elaborate prophylactic measures such as Provision
    of Treated HYV seed, keeping fungicides available
    at farmers doorstep, spreading awareness among
    farmers through campaigns, developing forecasting
    mechanism in association with CIPMC and SKUAST
    experts, formulation of Diagnostic teams are
    being put in place to keep the pest under check
  • Diversification in canal tail end areas being
    propagated to ensure optimum utilization of water
    resources
  • S R I shall be tried/demonstrated on larger scale
  • Still, uncertainties of weather make crop
    prospects unpredictable

17
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18
Rashtriya Kirshi Vikas Yojna
  • Govt. of India released Rs 1.20 crores for
    preparation of comprehensive District Agriculture
    Plans (C-DAPS) under Rashtriya Kirshi Vikas Yojna
    in 2007-08 to boost Agriculture.
  • The state is ineligible to assess funds as
    eligibility requirements fixed by Govt of India
    demand allocation to the Agriculture allied
    sectors at 6.15 of the State Plan, but Presently
    allocation is 3.49 only. Matter thoroughly
    discussed in the Planning Commission during
    recent meetings regarding State Annual Plan
    2009-10.
  • DDCs entrusted the task of preparation of
    C-DAPS with Agriculture as the Nodal Deptt.
  • Hoping for an early positive outcome.

19
Extension Mechanism
  • State stands covered under CSS Support to State
    Extension Programme for Extension Reforms
    through ATMAs
  • Training programmes for extension functionaries,
    Kisan Goshthies, Farmer-Scientist and
    Farmer-Farmer interactions being organized
  • Initially only 6 districts were covered but now
    all the 20 districts out of 22, excepting Leh
    Kargil been notified by State Govt
  • Registration of ATMAs is under process
  • Preparation of SREP of left out districts also
    under process
  • Distt Extn Work Plan for ATMAs and SAMETIs for
    2009-10 and 2010-11 prepared for Jammu division
    as per desired formats and also for Kashmir
    division.
  • Audited UCs for 2007-08 obtained for Jammu, Doda
    and Rajouri districts.

20
Extension Mechanism (Contd..)
  • Print Electronic Media extensively used to
    disseminate improved technology Success Stories
    of farmers
  • Campaign continues on 100 Seed treatment
    against Spurious pesticides and chemical
    fertilizers
  • HRD
  • Approximately 12,000 Farmers Trained in IPM,
    Seed Villages, Exposure Visits Within and Outside
    State Exhibitions
  • Over 200 officers Extn functionaries imparted
    short term trainings within and outside state
    under Macro Mgt., Tech. Mission, and ATMA
  • Rs. 10 lakhs are being utilized under the CSS
    Promotion Strengthening of Agric.
    Mechanization through Training, Testing and
    Demonstration in Kashmir region

21
Campaign on 100 Seed treatment
22
Campaign on 100 Seed treatment (Contd.)
23
Arrangements for Chemical Fertilizers (Units
Mts)
24
Quality Control Aspects
25
Anti. Exp. Of CSS Schemes by Deptt of Agri.
Kashmir and Jammu (2008-09)
26
Impact of CSS Schemes
27
Impact of CSS Schemes (Contd…)
28
VEGETABLE AREA EXPANSION AT FARMERS
FIELD (VEGETABLE NURSERY AT BILLAWAR)
29
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30
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31
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32
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33
  • Off season vegetables exported
  • out side Jammu Kashmir

34
Mushroom Production
  • Mushroom production 6005.30 Qtls in 2007-08
    compared to 5273 Qtls in 2006-07.
  • Target 2008-09 - 6154.75 Qtls.

35
Apiculture
  • Production affected in the previous years due to
    Parasitic Mite Varroa nearly 26000 Bee colonies
    were destroyed.

36
Condiments/Spices (Ginger,Garlic etc.) Aromatic
Medicinal Plants (Mentha, Aloe vera, Lemon grass,
Ashwagandha, Lavender, Bulgarian rose)
37
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38
Saffron Cultivation
Review of Agriculture 2008-09
39
Global Scenario
Review of Agriculture 2008-09
40
Production of Saffron
Review of Agriculture 2008-09
41
Limitation in Achieving Higher productivity
Levels
  • Monoculture of the same germplasm for
  • centuries.
  • Unprecedented drought like conditions from
  • 1999 to 2002-03 and 2008-09.
  • Incidences of corm rot disease / syndrome.

Review of Agriculture 2008-09
42
Incentives to Saffron Growers (2008-09)
  • 35 Shallow Bore Wells installed in the saffron
    belt of
  • Budgam District.
  • 400 Progressive farmers have been imparted
    training on
  • scientific saffron cultivation, drying,
    quality control,
  • grading, packing and marketing etc. in
    Kashmir Kishtwar areas
  • Expanding cultivation in other potential areas.

Review of Agriculture 2008-09
43
Technology Mission for Integrated Development of
Horticulture in Jammu Kashmir
44
COMMAND AREA DEVELOPMENT
45
10 ongoing projects under CSS Command Area
Development and Water Management under
implementation (funded 5050 between Central
Govt. and State Govt.)
46
GOI Ministry of Water Resources approved the
following projects for implementation
from the current financial year
More projects viz Tongri Canal , Ganderbal
,Sonawari (Kashmir Div.) New Pratap Canal
(Jammu Div.) have also been submitted to GOI,
for their approval-GOI has agreed in principle.
47
Significant Achievement
  • Works in two new projects of Arin Bandipora and
    Kehmil Kupwara started in the current year. An
    area of 1040 ha covered till December 2008.
  • 6480 ha covered upto ending December 2008 as
    against 4042 ha corresponding period of last
    financial year in Command Kashmir (66 in
    increase in area coverage.).
  • 3800 ha covered during 2008 by way of on farm
    development works in 4 projects of Command Area
    Development Jammu, namely Poonch Cluster Canal,
    Kashmir Kathua Canal, Bani CAD Project and Ranbir
    Canal.
  • Irrigation potential 5294 ha utilized during
    2008-09 by way of constructing field channals

48
  • Trends under CADWM Projects
  • Area covered (in ha)
  • .

49
Floriculture
Floriculture
50
Strengths
  • Favourable and varied agro-climatic conditions
    for proper growth and development of flowers.
  • Availability of wide range of germ-plasm both
    cultivated and wild.
  • Vast potential for seed, bulb and foliage
    production.
  • Existence of wild flora suitable for dehydrated
    flower market
  • Availability of scenic areas for development as
    tourist and picnic spots.
  • Huge and expanding market potential within and
    outside the country.
  • Development of International Airport in Srinagar.
  • Low production cost.
  • Availability of sufficient man-power.

Contd….
51
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52
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53
FLOWER GARDEN AT BHOUR CAMP JAMMU
54
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55
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56
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57
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58
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59
ACHIEVEMENTS
  • State has won first prize in the international
    Flora Expo held at new Delhi where there was a
    international participation
  • 500 flower growers have been registered and
    provided incentives for commercial cultivation of
    Lillium, Carnation, Marigold and Gladiolus.
  • Hi-tech Green House cultivation of cut flowers
    has been popularized.
  • Un-employed youth have been involved in
    commercial floriculture.
  • Training and exposure visits of the trainers and
    growers has been prioritized.

60
Gladiolus Germplasm Centre Established at Krishi
Bhawan Complex, Talab Tillo, Jammu
  • Gladiolus as cut flower has gained popularity
    owing to its beauty and economic value.
  • Its demand in national and international market
    is increasing.
  • Directorate of Agriculture Jammu with involvement
    of Dr. Manoj Nazir has estd. Gladiolus Germplasm
    Centre during the year 2008-09. It has started
    with 28 cultivars during 2008-09

61
International Flora Expo
62
SPLENDED VIEW OF MUSICAL FOUNTAIN
63
Horticulture
64
Fruits Revenue Earner and Source of Employment
Generation
  • Rs 1900 Crore annual income from fresh fruit , Rs
    300 Crore from Dry Fruit.
  • 5 Lakh families directly/indirectly involved .
  • 27 Lakh farmers involved in the trade.
  • Each hectare of Orchard generates 400 man days
    per year (1.30 lac man year).
  • Over 7 crore boxes of fruit exported per year.
  • Share of Indian Walnut in the International
    Market is 7.

65
THRUST AREAS
  • Area expansion related to economical
  • and consumer oriented diversification
  • to meet the market challenges.
  • Creation of irrigation infrastructure like Deep
    Bore Wells, Shallow Wells, Water Storage/
    Harvesting Tanks in rain-fed areas.
  • Promotion of Horticulture in Dry and Kandi
    areas.

66
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67

68
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69
Area Production of Major Fruit Crops (2007-08)
70
APRICOT IN LADAKH-2008-09
71
Major Markets in the Country
  • Azadpur Delhi
  • Chandigarh
  • Amritsar
  • Jaipur
  • Patna
  • Kolkatta
  • Lucknow
  • Kanpur
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Ahmadabad

72
F o c u s
  • Marketing of Produce Augmenting existing
    markets
  • and access to new markets within outside
    State
  • Use of IT in marketing
  • Improvement in grading
  • Use of modern packaging
  • Post Harvest Management and Infrastructure
    Development
  • Establishment of Cold Chains
  • Grading packing houses
  • Specialized Transportation.

73
  • Walling and two Auction platform in Sopore Mandi.
  • Completion of Administrative Block, Auction
    platform, Earth filling and Site development in
    Udhampur, Batote, Akhnoor, Kathua and Bishnah
    Markets.
  • Walling of two plots of Salt Lake Kolkatta.
  • One additional Auction platform at Kulgam and two
    at Shopian.
  • Chainlink fencing on two sides in Pulwama Mandi.

74
Initiatives
  • Buyer-Seller Meet.
  • Arrangement of Air-cooled Railway coaches for
    transportation of soft fruits.
  • Introduction of Card Board cartons for packaging
    of apples.
  • Introduction of computerized Data dissemination
    facility and put-up dynamic web-site for
    promotion of Horticulture Marketing.
  • Exhibitions in all metros of the Country and
    other major market promotion events like Agro
    Tech, IITF.

75
Infrastructure of F V Markets created
Chari-sharief
Baramulla
76
Thank You
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