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Plant Breeding CC

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Excellence in science and technology. Globally competitive agricultural system ... Total Domestic International. Land Grant University degrees Ph.D. M.S. Ph.D M.S. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Plant Breeding CC


1
Plant Breeding CC
  • Todd C. Wehner
  • Department of Horticultural Science
  • North Carolina State University
  • Raleigh, NC 27695-7609
  • Todd_Wehner_at_ncsu.edu
  • http//cucurbitbreeding.ncsu.edu/

NC STATE UNIVERSITY
2
Who are we?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Multi-state coordinating committee SCC-080
  • Based in southern region experiment stations
  • but membership is open to all
  • Formed in 2006
  • First workshop held February 2007

3
Who are we?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Groups represented
  • Land-grant universities
  • USDA-ARS
  • Seed industry
  • Non-government organizations, including organics
  • Crops represented
  • Fruits, vegetables
  • Grains, legumes
  • Ornamentals, flowers, turfgrasses
  • Forage, fiber crops, forest trees

4
Who are we?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Officers
  • Stephen Baenziger, chair
  • Philipp Simon, vice-chair
  • Todd Wehner, secretary
  • Liaisons
  • Ronnie Coffman, Internat. Plant Breeding Centers
  • Bill Tracy, Non-Gov. Organization Plant Breeders
  • Steve McKeand, Forestry Plant Breeders
  • Herb Ohm, Crop Science Society Amer.
  • Linda Wessel-Beaver, Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.
  • Greg Tolla, Nat. Council Commercial Plant Breeders

5
Who are we?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Representatives
  • Mark Hussey, Administrative advisor
  • Ann Marie Thro, USDA-CSREES representative
  • Kay Simmons, USDA-ARS representative
  • Randy Johnson, US Forest Service representative
  • Subcommittees (each with chair and secretary)
  • Excellence in science and technology
  • Globally competitive agricultural system
  • Competitiveness, sustainability, and quality of
    life in rural America
  • A safe and secure food and fiber system
  • A healthy, well-nourished population
  • Harmony between agriculture and the environment
  • Education and training of plant breeders

6
Why do we exist?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Basic principles
  • Agriculture - the foundation of civilization
  • Plant breeding - the foundation of agriculture
  • Highlights of plant breeding
  • Plant domestication
  • Green revolution
  • Heterosis
  • Disease resistance
  • Nutritionally-enhanced foods

7
Why do we exist?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Private plant breeders
  • Signficant increase in 20th century
  • due to changes in our intellectual property laws
  • Took over some crop improvement duties
  • Public plant breeders
  • Research new traits, methods
  • Teaching future plant breeders
  • Breeding develop new cultivars
  • especially wheat, peanut, sweetpotato, grape

8
Why do we exist?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • The Plant Breeding Coordinating Committee will be
    a forum for leadership regarding issues, problems
    and opportunities of long-term strategic
    importance to the contribution of plant breeding
    to national goals.
  • http//globalplantbreeding.ncsu.edu/

9
Why do we exist?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Plant breeding is many activities
  • Collect, evaluate germplasm (public)
  • Research new breeding methods (public)
  • Train graduate students (public)
  • Develop improved germplasm (public, private)
  • Release new cultivars (public, private)

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Public plant breeding survey
  • Conclusions
  • Few of 51 land grant universities still have
    plant breeding programs
  • One strong plant breeding university per region
    of the U.S.
  • 53 of plant breeding graduates are from 7 land
    grant universities
  • Public plant breeders remaining are poorly funded
  • Public plant breeders retiring may not be replaced

18
From Frey (1996), Traxler et al. (2005), Morris
et al. (2006)
19
Plant Breeding Students Trained in the U.S.,
1995-2000
Total Domestic
International Land Grant University degrees Ph.D.
M.S. Ph.D M.S.
All universities 743 151 202 243 147 Univ.
Wisconsin-Madison 72 22 18 16 16 North Carolina
State Univ. 64 7 21 26 10 Univ.
Nebraska-Lincoln 61 5 10 27 19 Cornell
Univ. 54 18 5 27 4 Univ. Minnesota 48 16 11 13 8 I
owa State Univ. 44 13 13 12 6 Texas AM
Univ. 41 9 10 18 4 Michigan State
Univ. 36 10 12 8 6 North Dakota State
Univ. 33 3 13 11 6 Oregon State
Univ. 28 4 5 16 3 Wehner and Guner, 2002
(plantbreeding.ncsu.edu)
20
Plant Breeding Students Trained in U.S.,
1995-2000 (per year)
Total Domestic
International Land Grant University degrees Ph.D.
M.S. Ph.D M.S.
All universities 124 25 34 40 24 Univ.
Wisconsin-Madison 12 4 3 3 3 North Carolina State
Univ. 11 1 4 4 2 Univ. Nebraska-Lincoln 10 1 2 5 3
Cornell Univ. 9 3 1 5 1 Univ. Minnesota 8 3 2 2 1
Iowa State Univ. 7 2 2 2 1 Texas AM
Univ. 7 1 2 3 1 Michigan State Univ. 6 2 2 1 1 Nor
th Dakota State Univ. 5 1 2 2 1 Oregon State
Univ. 5 1 1 3 1 Wehner and Guner, 2002
(plantbreeding.ncsu.edu)
21
Problem
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Public breeders needed
  • Private breeders do not do research
  • Private breeders do not educate students
  • U.S. needs 200 PB students/year
  • U.S. trains 120 PB students/year
  • Private breeders do not work on all crops
  • Thanksgiving dinner will not exist!
  • Rolls, sweetpotato, wine

22
What are we doing?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Promoting communication among breeders
  • Different sectors federal, state, private,
    non-profit
  • Different crops agronomy, horticulture, forestry
  • Assembling information on plant breeding
  • Developing support for plant breeding
  • Identifying research, education priorities

23
What are we doing?
  • Plant Breeding CC
  • Organizing plant breeders in the U.S.
  • Bringing awareness of problem to the public
  • Federal support needed
  • national-needs fellowships in plant breeding
  • competitive grants for plant breeding
  • more years per grant
  • support for centers of excellence in breeding
  • Hatch funds for experiment station support

24
Plant Breeding CC
  • More information
  • See web page at
  • globalplantbreeding.ncsu.edu
  • Or, find in Google by entering
  • plant breeding coordinating committee
  • Or, contact one of the officers

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26
Plant Breeding CC
  • Thank you
  • Questions?
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