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AntiGlobalization

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is a term used to describe the political stance of people and groups who oppose ... Constant debate about policies and tradeoffs. Anti-Globalization Movement ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AntiGlobalization


1
Anti-Globalization
  • Presented by
  • Jenny Hang
  • Pingyin Liu
  • Tamon Higashi

2
What is Anti-Globalization?
  • is a term used to describe the political stance
    of people and groups who oppose certain aspects
    of globalization in its current form
  • considered by many to be a social movement, while
    others consider it to be an umbrella term that
    encompasses a number of separate social
    movements.

3
Pro-Globalization
  • Supporters of globalization points out the
    economic theory of comparative advantage
  • Mainstream economists argue that standard of
    living can increase through free trade
  • The outcomes is not always successful. Constant
    debate about policies and tradeoffs

4
Anti-Globalization Movement
  • Developed in the late 20th century
  • Seeks to protect the world's population and
    ecosystem from what they believe to be the
    damaging effects of globalization
  • It includes diverse and sometimes opposing
    understandings of the globalization process, and
    incorporates alternative visions, strategies and
    tactics.

5
Views from Economists
  • Rodrik Globalization may come at the expense of
    developing more responsible educational, health,
    and social security networks.
  • Amartya Sen - Third world development must be
    understood. Policies should focus on health and
    education, not simply GDP.

6
Views from Economists II
  • Immanuel Wallerstein Criticizes global
    capitalism and his analysis is renowned by the
    anti-globalization movement.
  • James Tobin - governments should intervene in the
    economy in order to stabilize output and avoid
    recessions.
  • Tobin Tax on foreign exchange transactions

7
Overview
  • Who are the participants of the movement?
  • What are the claims?
  • How do they Organize?
  • What is the Neoliberalism?
  • Major Activities?

8
Who are the participants of the movement?
  • Anti-Globalization Organizations
  • Corporate Watch
  • Peoples' Global Action Network
  • International Forum on Globalization (IFG)
  • Friends of the Earth (WB)
  • Public Citizen (Founded by Ralph Nader)
  • HaroldSjursen.Org Globalization Forum and
    Research Abstracts
  • Write for Free World Syndicate's Globalization
    Editorial Columns

9
The movement itself is heterogeneous
  • HUMAN RIGHTS- Sweatshop, Child Labor, Living
    Wage
  • ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY Environmentalism - to
    protect natural resources and ecosystems.
  • FREEDOM OF MIGRATION
  • ANTI-NEOLIBERALISM
  • DIVERSITY- preservation of the cultures of
    indigenous peoples, Biodiversity cultural
    diversity,
  • FOOD SECURITY AND SAFETY

10
Multinational corporations
  • Multinational corporations are seen as having
    privileges that most human persons do not have
  • moving freely across borders, extracting
    desired natural resources, and utilizing a
    diversity of human resources.

11
Anti-Globalization as Anti-Neoliberalism
  • focuses on free-market methods, fewer
    restrictions on business operations, and property
    rights
  • In foreign policy, neoliberalism favors the
    opening of foreign markets by political means,
    using economic pressure, diplomacy, and/or
    military intervention.
  • generally favors multilateral political pressure
    through international organizations or treaty
    devices such as the WTO and World Bank

12
Information technology
  • Despite the lack of formal coordinating bodies,
    the movement manages to successfully organize
    large protests on a global basis, using
    information technology to spread information and
    organize.

13
WTO meeting in Seattle
  • Seattle/N30
  • Occurred at WTO meeting in Seattle on November
    30, 1999
  • More than 40000 protestors
  • Over 600 protesters were arrested
  • "Battle of Seattle.

14
The Genoa G8 Summit Protest
  • occurred at G8 summit in Genoa , Italy, in 2001
  • Over 300,000 protesters
  • Non-legitimate attempts by 8 of the most powerful
    governments to set rules for the planet
  • Carlo Giuliani was killed and several hundreds of
    protesters were injured.
  • The battle of Genoa

15
Criticisms
  • Disorganized
  • Unable to provide solution
  • Violence
  • Motivation of movement
  • Lack of evidence

16
Disorganized
  • Lack of coherent goals
  • Environment, Labor and Worker rights, Human
    rights, Poverty,
  • Inequality, Neoliberalism, Consumerism and etc.
  • Opposite views from different group of protestors
  • Protesters Argument
  • Common Enemy
  • No need to share exactly the same political
    vision.

17
Unable to provide solution
  • Detailed solutions were rarely provided
  • Lack of action implementation
  • Protesters Argument
  • Annual World Social Forum
  • Philadelphia IMC www.phillyimc.org
  • Non-cooperation of Trade Organization

18
Violence
  • Terrorism
  • The Misuse of Police Force
  • Casualties
  • Protesters Argument
  • No human beings are harmed ?Violence
  • Violence tactic blockades
  • A time-honored technique of civil
    disobedience

19
Motivation of movement
  • Anti-Americanism ? Anti- Globalization
  • Individual/Organizers Interests
  • European farmers protest in 1990
  • Direct material interests at stake.
  • Protesters Argument
  • Horizontal Power Structure

20
Lack of evidence
  • Global economic growth
  • Beneficial effects of globalization
  • Shift in food supplies available
  • ? Percentage of people in developing countries
    living below 1 per day
  • Diminishing income inequality for the world as a
    whole
  • Protesters Argument
  • Growth may not be beneficial effects for the poor

21
Thank You
  • Question? Comments?
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