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The Future of Switzerland Depends on Culture and Innovation

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The Future of Switzerland Depends on Culture and Innovation. Bled, ... Political debate of today ... The corresponding law is now being debated in Parliament: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Future of Switzerland Depends on Culture and Innovation


1
The Future of Switzerland Depends on Culture and
Innovation
  • Bled, March 7, 2009

Dr. Barbara Haering, ERAB, Board of the ETH
Domain
2
Switzerland at first site!
3
Switzerland and its diverse cultural identities
  • Switzerland speaks several languages, but few are
    multilingual.
  • German 64 French 20
  • Italian 6.5 Raetoromansch 0.5
  • Other languages 9
  • Switzerlands last war was an internal conflict
    between roman-catholics and protestants in
    November 1847.
  • Roman-Catholics 41 Protestants 40
  • Muslim 4 Jews 0.2
  • Switzerland looks back on a relatively short
    common history The Swiss Confederation was
    founded only in 1848.

4
Identity through cultural achievements
  • Switzerlands identity is strongly based on
    cultural achievements
  • Cultural diversity
  • Federalism
  • Direct democracy
  • Tradition of political consensus and all-party
    coalitions
  • Militia systems not only for the army but for
    politics as well
  • Neutrality as a political concept
  • Switzerlands identity is supported by major
    public infrastructures and by its most important
    universities
  • SBB/CFF/FFS
  • Post
  • ETH Zürich, EPF Lausanne

5
Promoting culture and art in Switzerland
  • 1848 National Archives
  • 1886/89 Protection of national heritage
  • 1890 National Museum
  • 1894 National Library
  • 1939 Pro Helvetia Culture Foundation
  • 1975 Federal Department on Culture
  • 1980 Initiative 1 for culture fails in
    referendum
  • 1991 Constitutional amendment on culture fails
  • 1999 Constitutional amendment passes
  • 2009 Federal law on promoting culture

6
Political debate of today
  • In Switzerland the main responsibility for
    supporting art and cultural activities has always
    been with the cantons and on the local level.
  • Only since the year 2000 the Swiss Constitution
    includes a paragraph on cultural. The
    corresponding law is now being debated in
    Parliament
  • Only subsidiary responsibilities and competences
    for the Confederation
  • Support of the Confederation only for national
    priorities
  • Diversity of cultures and languages have to be
    respected
  • On the national level most support activities
    will remain delegated to the independent
    foundation Pro Helvetia.

7
Lessons learnt Culture and Politics
  • The culture of politics is more important for
    Switzerlands identity and future than specific
    policies promoting culture.
  • Its not the quantity of cultural offers that
    counts but a specific quality Art should guide
    us in developing new approaches to reality.
  • If anything goes art looses its driving
    societal power.
  • In a globalizing world public money should
    explicitly be invested in regional traditions and
    in cultural diversity and not only for
    promoting global excellence.

8
Lesson learnt Science and Innovation
  • Switzerlands future depends on science and
    innovation. Bridging the gap from research to
    market is a cultural issue.

9
This is no future for Switzerland!
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