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Privacy, Security, ECommerce and the Internet:

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Director of Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of the Privacy Commissioner ... Accords privacy protection to Canadians in their dealings with the private sector ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Privacy, Security, ECommerce and the Internet:


1
Privacy, Security, E-Commerce and the Internet
  • Engineering in Privacy

Brian Foran Director of Privacy Impact
Assessment, Office of the Privacy Commissioner or
Canada
March 25, 2002
2
Privacy and Ethics Privacy and the Law Privacy
and Technology
3
Privacy and Ethics
4
The claim to privacy finds moral justification in
the recognition that people need to have control
over matters that intimately relate to them
- Online Ethics Centre for Engineering and Science
5
If privacy is diminished, we will not be able to
function fully as human beings
6
Privacy is at the heart of liberty in the modern
state
- former Canadian Supreme Court Justice La Forest
7
Privacy, security and confidentiality
8
Privacy is the right to be let alone
- Justice Louis Brandeis Olmstead Vs. US 1928
9
Privacy is the claim of individuals to determine
for themselves when, how, and to what extent
information about them is communicated to others.
- Alan Westin Privacy and Freedom 1967
10
Privacy is the right to control access to ones
person and to information about oneself
- George Radwanski Privacy Commissioner of
Canada
11
Types of privacy
  • territorial privacy
  • bodily privacy
  • communications privacy
  • informational privacy

12
Informational privacy
  • Concerning the collection and handling of
    personal data such as credit information and
    medical records

13
In an information society, our individual
autonomy and our control are on the line
14
Privacy ? Security Privacy ? Confidentiality
15
Privacy
  • An individual right
  • individual control over ones own personal
    information

16
Confidentiality
  • An obligation of a custodian to protect the
    personal information in which it has been
    entrusted

17
Security
  • The process or manner of assessing the threats
    and risks and
  • taking appropriate steps to protect the
    information

18
Privacy and the law
19
1. Privacy Act (public sector) 2. PIPED Act
(private sector)
20
The Privacy Act An information handlers code of
ethics for the federal government
21
  • Its purpose
  • to protect the privacy of an individuals
    personal information held by federal government
    institutions

22
  • Privacy Act
  • limits the governments collection of personal
    information to what is necessary and relevant

23
  • Privacy Act
  • requires the government to advise the individual
    directly of the purpose for this information
    prior to the collection

24
  • Privacy Act
  • recognizes the inherent right of information
    ownership by the individual from whom it is
    collected

25
  • Privacy Act
  • outlaws unrelated uses and disclosures of this
    personal information

26
Privacy Act authorizes an independent ombudsman
- the Privacy Commissioner of Canada - to
27
  • Investigate complaints
  • resolve problems
  • conduct privacy audits
  • oversee the governments compliance with the Act

28
The Personal Information and Electronic Documents
Act (PIPED Act)
29
Accords privacy protection to Canadians in their
dealings with the private sector
30
Private-sector organizations covered under the
new law cannot
31
  • Collect
  • use or disclose
  • personal information about someone without his or
    her consent

32
It applies to the federally regulated - banks -
telecommunications - broadcasting - transportation
33
It also applies to the sale of personal
information across provincial or national borders
34
It also applies to the three territories, where
the whole private sector is a federal work under
the Constitution.
35
Privacy and Technology
36
  • Engineering and Privacy
  • building privacy into systems and technology

37
Digital Angel Mobiltrak Biometrics
38
Canadian Information Processing Society
(CIPS) www.cips.ca
39
COACH www.coachorg.com
40
Computer Professionals for Social
Responsibility www.cpsr.org
41
Computers, Freedom and Privacy www.cfp.org
42
Privacy should be built in at the outset
43
Privacy Impact Assessment
  • analysis of the likely impacts on privacy of a
    project, practice or system

44
Privacy Impact Assessment
  • A feasibility study from a privacy perspective

45
Office of the Privacy Commissioner of
Canada www.privcom.gc.ca
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