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Marine Biology

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Voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) Voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) ... A dark room. The car won't start.... Limitations of Science. Ichthyology. Ichthyology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marine Biology


1
Marine Biology
Steven Mark Norris, Ph.D.
California State University Channel Islands
2
(No Transcript)
3
Oceans and
Land
4
Exploitation and Extraction
5
Recreation
6
Education and Research
7
Algae and oxygen
Weather
Climate
8
Human Impacts
9
Human Impacts
10
Human Impacts
11
Marine Science
a little history
12
Chumash shell midden
Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes National Wildlife Refuge
13
Shell Middens
14
Alexander the Great and his bathysphere
15
Aristotle
Aristotles lantern
16
Polynesian Stick Chart
17
Native American Whaling boat
18
Dark and Middle Ages
19
The Age of Exploration
20
Voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836)
HMS Beagle
21
Voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836)
22
(No Transcript)
23
Phillip Henry Gosse (1810-1888)
24
Challenger Expedition (1872-1876)
25
Challenger Expedition (1872-1876)
26
(No Transcript)
27
R/V Knorr
28
Calypso
29
Calypso in 2006
30
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
31
Scripps Institute of Oceanography
32
Oregon Institute of Marine Biology
33
(No Transcript)
34
Biology
bio logia

study of life
35
Marine Biology
study of marine life
36
Western Science
Plato and Aristotle
Raphael, ca. 1510
The Vatican
37
Middle Ages
Knowledge comes from authority and revelation
Mediaeval copy of Aristotles writings
38
Renaissance - Age of Enlightenment
(starting1500s)
Knowledge comes from exploration, examination and
experimentation
An anatomy lesson
Rembrandt (1632)
39
Natural Philosophy
Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)
Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
40
Natural Philosophy
Let it not suffice to be book-learned, to read
what others have written and to take upon trust
more falsehood than truth, but let us ourselves
examine things as we have opportunity, and
converse with Nature as well as with books.
John Ray -- 1691
(1627-1705)
41
The Scientific Method
42
The Scientific Method
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
An example
Ptolemy (85-165 AD)
43
The universe according to Aristotle and Ptolemy
44
The universe according to Aristotle and Ptolemy
45
Hereford Cathedral, England
46
Mappi Mundi
Map of the world
ca. 1280
47
Jerusalem
India
North
Greece
Italy
Britain
Africa
Spain
48
Enter.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
49
Copernicus
On the movements of Heavenly bodies 1543
50
The Copernican Universe
A model (hypothesis) based on examination of the
real world
--- but still with problems.
51
Better data, and more refinements
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601)
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
52
Brahe and Keplers universe
.struggling with the data and ancient authorities
53
Galileo (1564-1642)
54
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
55
Newtons Fluctions
56
The current model that matches the data
57
almost 2000 years
58
The Scientific Method
59
When Science and politics collide
Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976)
60
A dark room
61
The car wont start.
62
Limitations of Science
63
Ichthyology
64
Ichthyology
65
Ichthyology
66
Ichthyology
National Museum of Natural History (Paris)
Natural History Museum (London)
Royal Museum of Central Africa (Belgium)
67
Ichthyology
68
Ichthyology
69
Ichthyology
African electric catfishes
70
Published Research
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