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Understanding Social Conflicts

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Answer: conservative thesis. Inequality is a part of the natural or divine order of things. ... Conservative thesis rulers. Radical antithesis ruled. 14 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Understanding Social Conflicts


1
Understanding Social Conflicts
2
Overview of Framing Theory
  • How individuals come to understand, characterize,
    and act upon their interpretations of a
    particular social conflict or dispute. This
    includes
  • - process we use to interpret whats at
    stake - how we organize our knowledge about the
    world
  • - how we use this knowledge to make sense of
    new information, events, or experiences

3
Theory continued
  • Frames are collections of perceptions and
    thoughts (our assumptions based upon prior
    knowledge/experience).
  • We apply these to determine what is important and
    what is not.

4
Theory continued
  • We often frame complex issues to simply them.
  • This may lead us to ignore whatever doesnt fit
    within our frame.
  • This process is often unintentional and
    unconscious.

5
Theory continued
  • By learning about framing, we become more
    conscious and able to engage in a meaningful way
    with conflict resolution.

6
Types of Frames Identity Frame (Who am I)
  • Group identity Example prayer in schools
    (conflict)
  • Social role identity Example soldier in Iraq
    (conflict)
  • Place-based identity Example land use initiative
    (conflict)

7
Types of Frames Characterization (Who are they?)
  • How we respond to others heavily influenced by
    personal experience with them
  • Example water quality dispute (conflict) resident
    s (us) vs. chemical plant (them) chemical plant
    (us) vs. residents (them)
  • Negative characterizations create divisions and
    allegiances lead to group think

8
Types of Frames Risk
  • How we come to evaluate and respond to the
    potential risks associated with a given policy
    decision.
  • Laypeople and experts often conflict on levels of
    risk.
  • Regardless of scientific assessment. We tend to
    judge risks more harshly when they - are
    voluntary (i.e. you move near a chemical plant) -
    inequitable (more pollution in one area than
    another) - potentially catastrophic - not well
    understood

9
Types of Frames Views of Nature
  • Turn on the following questions Should the
    environment be used for human benefit? Should
    the environment be protected?
  • Can the environment regenerate itself?

10
Types of Frames Fact Frames
  • Facts do not speak for themselves they require
    presentation and interpretation.
  • Fact frames can be divided into two categories
    - information producers (experts) - information
    users (all others)

11
Conflict Resolution
  • To resolve conflicts, we need to understand how
    we tend to frame the issue
  • Next, consider challenging our assumptions with
    this frame
  • Consider how others frame the conflict
  • Seek common ground

12
Example from reading Worlds Apart
  • Problem inequality exists
  • Question how much inequality is necessary?
  • Answer conservative thesis Inequality is a part
    of the natural or divine order of things.
  • Answer radical antithesis Equality is the
    natural or divine order of things.

13
Who has a stake in this argument?
  • Group Identity and Social Role Frames
  • Conservative thesis rulers
  • Radical antithesis ruled

14
Social Contract (resolution)
  • Power (political authority) comes from the
    governed not from divine right.
  • Documents of reform - Declaration of
    Independence - US Constitution and - Adam Smiths
    Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth
    of Nations

15
Smiths assertion
  • Instead of the authoritarian economic rule of
    kings, an invisible hand of the market place
    (unfettered trade/commerce) would organize
    society.
  • 21st Century Criticism despite the success of
    markets, they are increasingly controlled by
    concentrated power held by corporate monopolies.

16
Borah Symposium Resource Wars
  • All events SUB Ballroom at 7 p.m.
  • Monday, March 27
  • Oil and Water Conflict over Resources
  • Tuesday, March 28 Recognition of Responsibility
    Cooperation or Conflict
  • Wednesday, March 29 Collapse How societies
    choose to fail or succeed
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