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Phonics

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Phonics. By: Alicia Brink. Lesley Cheney. Rachel Webber. Phonics. Phonics falls under the subject area of language arts specifically reading. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Phonics


1
Phonics
  • By Alicia Brink
  • Lesley Cheney
  • Rachel Webber

2
Phonics
  • Phonics falls under the subject area of language
    arts specifically reading.
  • It is typically used from pre-kindergarten
    through second grade.

3
Phonics Defined
  • It teaches the relationship between letters and
    sounds and how to use this to read and write
    words.
  • It is a work attack skill.
  • You sound out words.
  • There are six different techniques analogy
    based, analytic, embedded phonics through
    spelling, onset-rime instruction, and synthetic
    phonics.

4
How does phonics work in a classroom?
  • Instruction needs to be clear and direct.
  • Students need opportunities to practice in order
    to understand letter sound relationships.
  • Phonics instruction works better if the lesson is
    kept short and is simply not drill and practice.
  • Integrate phonics throughout the curriculum and
    not just in reading.

5
How to implement phonics strategies
  • Mercer and Mercer (2005) suggest some general
    guidelines for teachers in order to effectively
    implement phonics.
  • These guidelines include
  • using lowercase letters for beginning instruction
  • introduce easy sounds and letters first
  • introduce new letter-sound associations at a
    reasonable pace
  • introduce vowels early but teach consonants first
  • emphasize the common sounds of letters first
  • teach sound blending early
  • introduce regular words prior to irregular ones

6
Implications
  • Phonics versus whole language controversy
  • Phonics is based on taking parts to whole and the
    whole language technique is holistic.
  • The choice of which strategy to use is based on
    teacher opinion of what works and the school
    curriculum.
  • Some critics also believe that there are too many
    irregular words in the English language for
    phonics to work.
  • Others believe that phonics provide a strong
    background and key strategies to help students
    figure out irregular words.

7
References
  • Cunningham, P. (2005). Phonics they use Words
    for reading and writing. Boston, MA Pearson.
  • Eldredge, J.L, Baird, J.E. (1996). Phonemic
    awareness training works better than whole
    language instruction for teaching first graders
    how to write. Reading Research and Instruction,
    35. Retrieved January 15, 2008, from
    WilsonSelectPlus database.
  • Mercer, C. D., Mercer, A. R. (2005). Teaching
    students with learning problems. Columbus, OH
    Pearson.
  • Pikulski, D. J. (n.d.). The role of phonics in
    the teaching of readng A Houghton Mifflin
    position paper. Retrieved January 15, 2008, from
    www.eduplace.com
  • Wagner, E. (n.d.). Word knowledge. Literacy at
    school and home. Retrieved January 15, 2008,
    from http//www.mason.gmu.edu

8
Additional Links
  • Cliffords Sound Match Great interactive game
    for young children
  • http//teacher.scholastic.com/clifford1/flash/phon
    ics
  • Reading A to Z-Phonics
  • http//www.readinga-z.com/phonics/reading-phonics.
    php
  • Practice Quiz on Phonics
  • http//english.glendale.cc.ca.us/phonics.html
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