A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Bulletin%20Board%20Systems%20(BBS) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Bulletin%20Board%20Systems%20(BBS)

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October 1947: 86 Area Codes established for North America ... Background. www.bbsdocumentary.com. BBS's in Area Code 732. http://bbslist.textfiles.com/732 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Bulletin%20Board%20Systems%20(BBS)


1
A Brief History of Bulletin Board Systems (BBS)
2
In the Beginning
  • March 1876 Alexander G. Bell patents the
    telephone
  • March 1891 Strowger begins development of the
    automatic telephone switching system
  • September 1940 George Stibitz demonstrates
    remote computing between a teleprinter in New
    Hampshire and a digital "Complex Number
    Calculator in New York
  • October 1947 86 Area Codes established for North
    America
  • 1962 First commercially available 300 baud modem
    (Bell 103)
  • June 1968 The Federal Communications Commission
    (FCC) hands down the Caterphone Decision, which
    opens up ATTs network to equipment
    manufactured and approved by non-ATT companies
  • And then came .

3
1975
  • January Popular Electronics
  • June The Chicago Area Computer Hobbyist Exchange
    (CACHE) is formed at Northwestern University
  • Early members included founders of the Chicago BBS

4
1977
  • April Dennis C. Hayes begins selling personal
    computer modem products to computer hobbyists.
    Initially, the modems are boards for the S-100
    bus, and later for the Apple II.
  • June The Apple II computer begins selling to the
    public in North America.
  • August Ward Christensen writes MODEM.ASM, which
    with input from many other CP/M users becomes
    XMODEM, the first binary file transfer protocol.
  • August 3 Tandy sells the first TRS-80 Computer

5
The 1978 Chicago Snowstorm
  • January Snowed in, Ward Christensen begins
    preliminary work on what would eventually become
    CBBS (Computer Bulletin Board System), the first
    Bulletin Board System.
  • February "Observed" first day of operation of
    CBBS.

6
A BBS
User(s)
BBS
7
BBSs Over Time
8
1979-1980
  • Numerous computer introductions
  • May, 1979 Radio Shack begins selling the Tandy
    TRS-80 Model II.
  • June, 1979 Texas Instruments introduces the
    TI-99/4 computer
  • November, 1979 The first actual production Atari
    400 home computers are shipped to Sears.
  • February, 1980 The ZX80 microcomputer is
    introduced by Sinclair.
  • June, 1980 Commodore Business Machines
    introduces the VIC-20
  • July, 1980 Radio Shack introduces the Tandy
    TRS-80 Model III and the Color Computer

9
The Early 80s
  • Software, computers and a modem
  • January 1981 The Kermit Project begins, a
    program to create a transparent and flexible file
    transfer protocol,
  • April 1981 Adam Osborne unveils the Osborne 1
    portable computer.
  • June 1981 Hayes Corporation releases the Hayes
    Smartmodem 300, which introduces the AT Command
    Set for Modems
  • June 1981 The Chicago Syslink BBS is started on
    a TRS-80 Model I with 300bps Modem.
  • August 1981 The Original IBM PC is introduced.
  • December 1981Citadel BBS software written for
    the Heath H89.
  • March 1982 Commodore introduces the VICModem for
    the VIC-20 computer
  • June 1982 Commodore announces the Commodore 64
    home computer.

10
The Mid 80s
  • Hackers and gamers
  • September 1983 Neal Patrick of the 414s
    testifies to the US Congress about the ease of
    computer break-ins and how to stop them.
  • December 1983 The RIPCO BBS is founded running
    on an Apple II.
  • 1984 John E. Dell writes a DOS program called
    "Drug Wars" which allows players to engage in
    complicated trading and economic role-playing.
    The program is the basis for an entire genre of
    BBS programs, including "Dopewars" and
    "Pimpwars".
  • January 1984 Hacker BBS "Plover-NET" is first
    put up by Quasi Moto and Lex Luthor, running GBBS
    on an Apple II.
  • May 1984 Thomas G. Tcimpidis, Sysop of the
    MOG-UR BBS, has his personal computer and data
    storage seized by the Los Angeles Police when
    Pacific Tel determines that one of his message
    bases contains a stolen Calling Card number.

11
More Mid 80s
  • Connecting BBS together, hackers, and a news feed
  • June 1984 FidoNet BBS Network appears linking
    several dozen BBSes via late-night phone calls.
  • November 1984 Richard Sandza's articles on
    Hacker BBSes, "The Night of the Hackers", appears
    in Newsweek Magazine.
  • December 1984 Fidonet achieves 336 nodes
  • June 1985 FidoNet switches over from its
    previous node numbering system to "Regional
    Nets", where areas of the country (and later the
    world) are assigned as "regions", controlled by a
    "region coordinator"
  • July 1985 Fidonet BBS Sysop Bob Hartman
    announces that he has recieved permission from
    his company to hook his FidoNet BBS to their
    USENET Newsfeed, allowing the Fidonet Network to
    read and post on Usenet.
  • September 1985 The Zeta BBS in Australia joins
    Fidonet. Running on a TRS-80, it is the first
    non-IBM node to join Fidonet.

12
Simplified Regional FidoNet
13
The Late 80s
  • Gamers, hackers, Boardwatch, software
  • November 1985 QuantumLink (Q-Link), an online
    service for games and programs on Commodore 64
    and 128 computers, begins operation.
  • February 1986 The "Phoenix Fortress" a sting
    BBS issues warrants for the arrest and
    confiscation of the equpment of 7 local users in
    Fremont, CA.
  • March 1987 Jack Rickard founds Boardwatch
    Magazine, a publication dedicated to BBS issues
    and events. The magazine lasts over ten years
    before converting completely to an internet
    magazine.
  • May 1987 The "Rusty n' Edie's" BBS starts
    operation in Youngstown, Ohio. The system grows
    from a single line to over a hundred lines (and
    computer systems). In 1993, the system is busted
    by the FBI for piracy, and Rusty is later pulled
    into a landmark case for having scanned Playboy
    photos available on the BBS (1997).
  • October 1988 Chuck Forsberg releases his
    specification for ZMODEM, a file transfer
    protocol to supersede both XMODEM and his own
    YMODEM.

14
The Early 90s
  • The transition begins
  • June 1993 The RIPCO BBS officially becomes an
    ISP, incorporating as Ripco Communications,
    offering both free and for-pay accounts,
    including full Usenet and E-mail access.
  • October 1994 QuantumLink (Q-Link) announces that
    it is getting out of the Commodore business.
    Subscribers are offered memberships on the
    now-growing America Online service. The goodbye
    letter is signed by Steve Case.

15
The Late 90s
  • August 1995 ONE BBSCON '95 is held from August
    16th to the 20th in Tampa, Florida. This is the
    last "BBSCON" held it is renamed to ISPCON in
    1996 to reflect a sea change from BBSes to the
    Internet and Internet Service Providers.
  • January 1999 Hayes Microcomputer shuts down
    operations. Assets of the company are sold to
    Zoom Telephonics on April 7, 1999.
  • December 1999 Chicago Syslink BBS, sysoped by
    George Matyaszek, closes after nearly 20 years of
    service.

16
References
  • Background
  • www.bbsdocumentary.com
  • BBSs in Area Code 732
  • http//bbslist.textfiles.com/732/
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