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Shipping Hazardous Materials: Regulations, Safety and Security

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Title: Shipping Hazardous Materials: Regulations, Safety and Security


1
Shipping Hazardous Materials Regulations,
Safety and Security
University of California, Irvine
2
Introduction
  • Chris Haug
  • Principal EHS Specialist
  • (949) 824-6200
  • chris.haug_at_uci.edu

3
Course Overview
  • Module 1
  • Shipping Regulations
  • Module 2
  • Packaging Requirements
  • Module 3
  • Safety
  • Emergency Response
  • Security Plan

4
Shipping Hazardous MaterialsModule 1
5
Overview
  • Regulations
  • Hazardous Material Classes
  • Basic Terms

6
Module 1 Options
  • To take the module, click the forward arrow
    (below)
  • To attempt to test out of the module, use outline
    to scroll to Assessment Module 1

7
Regulations
  • U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • 49 CFR Chapter 1, Subchapter C
  • Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)


8
Regulations
  • Federal HMR
  • Why important?
  • The HMR prevents harm
  • Civil penalties up to 32,500.


9
Regulations
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • IATAs Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • IMOs International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    (IMDG) Code
  • Have the same purpose as the HMR
  • Prevent harm
  • U.S. DOT regulations supersede

10
Regulations
  • Shipping to a foreign location?
  • Office of Research Administration (ORA)
    www.research.uci.edu/ora/exportcontrol/index.htm
  • e-Ship software www.ddm.uci.edu
  • Commercial Invoices
  • Declaration of Biological Shipments
  • Shipping material developed at UC Irvine?
  • Complete a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA)
    www.ota.uci.edu/fac_material.htm

11
Hazardous Materials Classes
  • Class 9--Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials
  • Dry Ice
  • Dangerous residues in machinery sent for repair
  • Marine pollutants
  • Magnets
  • Batteries
  • Elevated temperature materials
  • Ecosystem altering genetically modified organisms

12
Basic Terms
  • Proper Shipping Name, UN Number Packaging Group
  • UN Specification Packaging Drop-Test
  • Shippers Declaration
  • Shipping Instructions
  • Limited Quantities
  • Small or Excepted Quantities
  • Exempt Human and Animal Specimens
  • Chemical Compatibility

13
Basic Terms
  • Proper Shipping Name
  • UN Number
  • Packaging Group (PG)
  • PGI, PGII, PGIII
  • Found on Material Safety Data Sheet

14
Basic Terms
  • UN Specification Packaging

15
Basic Terms
  • Drop-Test
  • Five drops from a height of 7 feet
  • Bottom, top, long short side, corner
  • No visible damage
  • No visible leakage

16
Basic Terms
  • Shippers Declaration
  • Centralized retention 24 months
  • EHS
  • PS Stores

17
Basic Terms
  • Shipping Instructions
  • Found in HMR, DGR, IMDG
  • Unique for each hazardous material

18
Basic Terms
  • Limited Quantities (Ltd Qty)
  • Authorized when below specified amounts
  • No UN Specification Packaging Required
  • Passes a drop-test
  • Shippers Declaration Required

19
Small or Excepted Quantities
  • Maximums range lt1 or lt 30 g/mL
  • Some materials prohibited
  • No UN Specification Packaging
  • No Shippers Declaration
  • Excepted Quantities label for air shipments

20
Basic Terms
  • Exempt Human Animal Specimens
  • Minimal likelihood of pathogens
  • Packaging that prevents any leakage (Triple-Pack)
  • Exempt human specimen
  • Exempt animal specimen

21
Basic Terms
  • Chemical Compatibility
  • Packaging materials
  • Segregation
  • All in one fibreboard box.
  • Q value lt 1
  • Overpack

22
Additional Resources
23

Review
  • Regulations
  • Hazard Materials Classes
  • Basic Terms

24
Shipping Hazardous MaterialsModule 2
25
Overview
  • Basic Packaging Requirements

26
Module 2 Options
  • To take the module, click the forward arrow
    (below)
  • To attempt to test out of the module, use outline
    to scroll to Assessment Module 2

27
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Labeling
  • Triple-Pack
  • Compressed Gases
  • Liquids
  • Live Animals
  • Materials of Trade (MOTs)

28
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Outer Package Labeling Basics
  • Legible, permanent, and weather-resistant
  • Proper Shipping Name, UN number, packaging group
  • DOT Hazard Label or Excepted Quantities label
  • Special Hazard label
  • Directional arrows for liquids
  • Reusing boxes? Deface all
  • incorrect hazard labeling

29
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Triple-Pack Combination Packaging
  • 3 layers
  • Primary watertight inner receptacle
  • Secondary watertight inner receptacle
  • Sturdy outer packaging
  • Good quality, undamaged, no tears or crush marks

30
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Triple-Pack Combination Packaging
  • Able to withstand normal air transport conditions
  • direct sunlight, elevated temperatures, pressure
    changes, poor ventilation
  • Sorbents
  • Cushioning
  • Seal the package with 2 tape

31
Quick Quiz - More Basic Terms
32
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Compressed Gas Cylinders
  • Valve protection
  • Maximum filling ratio observed
  • gt 1 liter, single packaging OK
  • Appropriate legible DOT Specification stamp
  • Usually Shippers Declaration required

33
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Liquids
  • Ullage Requirementunfilled space in a container
    of liquid
  • Directional Arrows

34
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Shipping or receiving live animals?
  • University Laboratory Animal Resources (ULAR)
    http//apps.research.uci.edu/ular/uci/transfers.cf
    m
  • Regulated species?
  • U.S. Fish Wildlife Service
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • National Institutes of Health
  • Centers for Disease Control
  • California Department of Fish Game

35
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Materials of Trade (MOTs)
  • Used for work at UC Irvine
  • Personal or University vehicle
  • DOTs What are Materials of Trade and What
    Regulations Apply?
  • All required safety training completed

36
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • EHS ships all radioactive materials
  • Contact Radiation Safety Staff at 824-6200

37
Basic Packaging Requirements
  • Material-Specific Packaging Training Required
  • Train to package specific materials
  • Keyword Shipping
  • Look for specific material
  • If you cannot locate the specific packaging
    training you need contact
  • EHS at 824-6200

38
Additional Resources
39
Shipping Hazardous MaterialsModule 1
40
Overview
  • Regulations
  • Hazardous Material Classes
  • Basic Terms

41
Module 1 Options
  • To take the module, click the forward arrow
    (below)
  • To attempt to test out of the module, use outline
    to scroll to Assessment Module 1

42
Regulations
  • U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • 49 CFR Chapter 1, Subchapter C
  • Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)


43
Regulations
  • Federal HMR
  • Why important?
  • The HMR prevents harm
  • Civil penalties up to 32,500.


44
Regulations
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • IATAs Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • IMOs International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    (IMDG) Code
  • Have the same purpose as the HMR
  • Prevent harm
  • U.S. DOT regulations supersede

45
Regulations
  • Shipping to a foreign location?
  • Office of Research Administration (ORA)
    www.research.uci.edu/ora/exportcontrol/index.htm
  • e-Ship software www.ddm.uci.edu
  • Commercial Invoices
  • Declaration of Biological Shipments
  • Shipping material developed at UC Irvine?
  • Complete a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA)
    www.ota.uci.edu/fac_material.htm

46
Hazardous Materials Classes
  • Class 9--Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials
  • Dry Ice
  • Dangerous residues in machinery sent for repair
  • Marine pollutants
  • Magnets
  • Batteries
  • Elevated temperature materials
  • Ecosystem altering genetically modified organisms

47
Basic Terms
  • Proper Shipping Name, UN Number Packaging Group
  • UN Specification Packaging Drop-Test
  • Shippers Declaration
  • Shipping Instructions
  • Limited Quantities
  • Small or Excepted Quantities
  • Exempt Human and Animal Specimens
  • Chemical Compatibility

48
Basic Terms
  • Proper Shipping Name
  • UN Number
  • Packaging Group (PG)
  • PGI, PGII, PGIII
  • Found on Material Safety Data Sheet

49
Basic Terms
  • UN Specification Packaging

50
Basic Terms
  • Drop-Test
  • Five drops from a height of 7 feet
  • Bottom, top, long short side, corner
  • No visible damage
  • No visible leakage

51
Basic Terms
  • Shippers Declaration
  • Centralized retention 24 months
  • EHS
  • PS Stores

52
Basic Terms
  • Shipping Instructions
  • Found in HMR, DGR, IMDG
  • Unique for each hazardous material

53
Basic Terms
  • Limited Quantities (Ltd Qty)
  • Authorized when below specified amounts
  • No UN Specification Packaging Required
  • Passes a drop-test
  • Shippers Declaration Required

54
Small or Excepted Quantities
  • Maximums range lt1 or lt 30 g/mL
  • Some materials prohibited
  • No UN Specification Packaging
  • No Shippers Declaration
  • Excepted Quantities label for air shipments

55
Basic Terms
  • Exempt Human Animal Specimens
  • Minimal likelihood of pathogens
  • Packaging that prevents any leakage (Triple-Pack)
  • Exempt human specimen
  • Exempt animal specimen

56
Basic Terms
  • Chemical Compatibility
  • Packaging materials
  • Segregation
  • All in one fibreboard box.
  • Q value lt 1
  • Overpack

57
Additional Resources
58

Review
  • Regulations
  • Hazard Materials Classes
  • Basic Terms

59
Shipping Hazardous MaterialsModule 3
60
Overview
  • Safety Security
  • Exposure Prevention
  • Emergency Response
  • Security of packages

61
Module 3 Options
  • To take the module, click the forward arrow
    (below)
  • To attempt to test out of the module, use outline
    to scroll to Assessment Module 3

62
Safety and Security Exposure Prevention
  • Required safety training
  • Labels and material safety data sheets (MSDS)
  • Engineering controls
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Packaging according to regulations

63
Safety and Security Your Role
  • Store in secured area
  • UCI Emergency Procedures blue flipchart
  • Call 911, suspicious persons activity
  • Be a good witness

64
Safety and Security Emergency Response
  • Review required safety training
  • UC Irvine Emergency Flipchart
  • Assist injured people
  • Restrict access to the spill area
  • Contact EHS, or 911 after hours
  • Proceed to contain spill if trained and equipped
  • Dispose contained material through EHS

65
Additional Resources
  • MSDS, Emergency Procedures flipcharts,
    biological, chemical, radioactive materials
    consultation, safety training
  • www.ehs.uci.edu
  • Campus Police
  • www.police.uci.edu

66
Review
  • Exposure Prevention
  • Emergency Response
  • Security of Packages
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