LIBSPOSSOC 245: City and Citizenship 03032004 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – LIBSPOSSOC 245: City and Citizenship 03032004 PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: ae854-NDliM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

LIBSPOSSOC 245: City and Citizenship 03032004

Description:

California. Schwarzeneger opposes Bush constitutional amendment proposal. San Francisco. ... At Large Elections. ... at large elections produce discriminatory ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:73
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: christianw6
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: LIBSPOSSOC 245: City and Citizenship 03032004


1
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Course Agenda Today.
  • Questions from last week?
  • Midterm Exam next Wednesday (March 10).
  • Example of blue book.
  • Discuss Midterm review sheet end of class.
  • Website http//faculty.roosevelt.edu/erickson/cou
    rses/pos245spr04/.
  • Readings/Lecture.
  • Federalism and City Autonomy.
  • Gay marriage debate continues.
  • Urban Crises Riots, Demonstrations, Ethnic and
    Political/Ideological Minorities.
  • Presentations Haymarket, 1965 Voting Rights Act,
    Riots, Education and Segregation.

2
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Gay Marriage debate as continuing example of
    federalism and urban politics.
  • Massachusetts.
  • State Supreme Court.
  • Legislature could not agree.
  • California.
  • Schwarzeneger opposes Bush constitutional
    amendment proposal.
  • San Francisco.
  • Weddings continue.
  • New York.
  • Mayor threatened with arrest.

3
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Urban Crises.
  • Strikes, Demonstrations, and Riots.
  • Labor Mobilization in US.
  • Context of Haymarket Riots.
  • Early mobilization of labor.
  • Anarchist, Anarcho-Syndicalism, Communist -
    transnational ideological diffusion via
    immigration.
  • Labor faces violent repression, also responds
    with violence.
  • Both urban and rural confrontations, especially
    in mining areas in American west and coal fields.
  • Knights of Labor in Chicago.
  • Fusion of Class, Ethnic, and Ideological
    tensions.
  • Chicago not unique in terms of levels of labor
    related violence in late 19th century.

4
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
5
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • African-Americans and Urban Politics.
  • Ethnic dimension of urban politics is at the core
    of political dynamics in most major US cities.
  • 100 largest cities 24 residents
    African-American, 22.5 Latino, Asian 7,
    non-Latino whites - 44.
  • Majority-minority cities.
  • Connected to dynamics that will also produce
    majority-minority United States.
  • Hypersegregation in Urban Cores.
  • Index of dissimilarity.
  • Suburbanization and segregation.
  • Figure 5.1 in Harrigan and Vogel.

6
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Social/Political Consequences of Segregation.
  • Desegregation most important challenge.
  • Deep historical roots.
  • Aggravation of social problems.
  • Source of strength.
  • Ghettos as possible ethnic traps.
  • Civil Rights Movement.
  • Post-Civil War repression of African-Americans
    continues.
  • Reconstruction only goes so far in eliminating
    infrastructure of American apartheid/slave
    system.
  • Lynching, mob violence Klan activity/terrorism.
  • Intense segregation/discrimination in
    Southeastern United States and throughout country.

7
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
8
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Civil Rights Movement (context).
  • Extensive system of discrimination.
  • Systematic police surveillance and harassment.
  • Workplace discrimination.
  • Occasionally eased during First and Second World
    War.
  • Mobilization Waves.
  • 1905 WEB Du Bois and Niaga Movement.
  • 1909 NAACP.
  • Legal Defense Fund Critical.
  • 1953 Brown vs. Board of Education.
  • 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • SCLC and SNCC.
  • Continued Mobilization and White Backlash
    (especially in South).

9
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Civil Rights Movement (context).
  • Extensive system of discrimination.
  • Systematic police surveillance and harassment.
  • Workplace discrimination.
  • Occasionally eased during First and Second World
    War.
  • Mobilization Waves.
  • 1905 WEB Du Bois and Niaga Movement.
  • 1909 NAACP.
  • Legal Defense Fund Critical.
  • 1953 Brown vs. Board of Education.
  • 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • SCLC and SNCC.
  • Continued Mobilization and White Backlash
    (especially in South).

10
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
11
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • 1964 Civil Rights Act.
  • No discrimination in public accommodations.
  • Desegregation of all government facilities.
  • School desegregation.
  • Civil Rights Commission.
  • Federal Funds no discrimination.
  • Equal Employment Opportunity.
  • Voting Rights.

12
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Black Power and Racial Violence.
  • Growing crisis in Civil Rights movement.
  • Divisions appear.
  • Parallel with crisis in Anti-War movement.
  • Vietnam War escalating.
  • Casualty differentials undermine legitimacy of
    war effort.
  • Sacrifice abroad continued discrimination and
    repression at home.
  • Internal Colonialism.
  • Black Nationalism/Black Power/Fusion of Black
    Nationalism with Marxism.
  • Malcolm X (Nation of Islam) - assassinated 1965
  • Black Panther Party - 1966.
  • Target of massive surveillance and disruption
    program involving federal state and local law
    enforcement.

13
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Black Panther Party (continued).
  • FBI COINTELPROs.
  • FBI Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading
    Room.
  • Example of growing anger and militancy.
  • Linkages to other ideological allies.
  • Violent interaction between police and BPP.
  • Later in semester case study of Daley and BPP.
  • Shooting of Freddie Hampton.
  • Other cities also have violent interaction with
    BPP and other Black Nationalist Black Power
    organizations.
  • Los Angeles.
  • New York.
  • San Francisco/Oakland area.

14
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
15
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
16
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Urban Riots.
  • Conjunction of Structural Conditions.
  • Catalytic or triggering event.
  • Distinction between demonstrations, skirmishes
    between demonstrators and police, and riot.
  • 1960s Riots in United States.
  • Anti-War demonstrations.
  • Structural Condition.
  • Triggers.
  • Locations University campuses, military bases,
    city cores.
  • Urban Riots.
  • Structural Condition.
  • Triggers.
  • Locations Urban cores, especially
    hyper-segregated ghettos.
  • Riots effect on security apparatus.

17
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
18
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
19
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
20
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
21
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Politics of Advancement.
  • 1970s to present.
  • Broadening of focus of African-American politics.
  • NAACP and Legal Defense Fund still active.
  • CORE, SCLC lose dynamism.
  • Black Panther Party - destroyed - legacy
    continues to be powerful.
  • New Black Panther Party.
  • Changes due to Civil Rights movement, riots, and
    federal, state, and local legal and
    administrative procedures.
  • Lay down foundation for African-American voting
    power.
  • 1965 Voting Rights Act and its enforcement.
  • 1970 1,469 African American elected officials.
  • 1999 8,896 African American elected officials.

22
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Presentation re Voting Rights Act.
  • Key provisions
  • Voting Examiners.
  • Literacy Tests.
  • Prior-Approval Requirement.
  • Enforcement Machinery.
  • Dilution of African American Influence.
  • At Large Elections.
  • Qualitative and quantitative data show at large
    elections produce discriminatory outcomes -
    ward/district better.
  • Annexation.
  • Court enforcement and rulings.
  • Uneven Supreme Court rulings.
  • Redistricting/racial gerrymandering.

23
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • African-American Political Incorporation.
  • Levels of incorporation (Browning, Marshall, and
    Tabb).
  • Weak mobilization and exclusion.
  • Protest and exclusion.
  • Weak mobilization and incorporation.
  • Biracial electoral alliance and incorporation.
  • Incorporation benefits.
  • Public sector employment.
  • Aggressive use of affirmative action.
  • Appointment of African Americans into hiring
    personnel units.
  • Distribution of contracts.
  • Funding distribution changes.
  • Education funding.

24
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Dual strategy of African Mayors.
  • Stimulate economic development.
  • Expand opportunities in public sector.
  • Urban redevelopment projects.
  • Establishes interesting coalitional parameters.
  • Class based politics not embraced.
  • VO Key - segregation in South post-Reconstruction
    to prevent Populist class-based inter-ethnic
    coalition.
  • Must ally with downtown business community.
  • Willie Brown - San Francisco Mayor before Newsom
    an example.
  • Public Sector Opportunities.
  • Key variables size of African American population
    and presence or absence of African American
    mayor.

25
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Limits of Incorporation.
  • Central City Governments can not deal with
    consequence of hyper-segregation on their own.
  • City governments have resource limitations.
  • Federal dollars needed.
  • Not likely under current Bush Administration.
  • Imbroscio.
  • Black leaders could challenge structural and
    resource constraints.
  • Alternative development strategies.
  • Develop local business instead of attracting
    outside business to downtown core.

26
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Fourth Wave Immigrants.
  • Latinos and Urban politics.
  • Mexican Americans.
  • Economic Deprivation.
  • Oppression.
  • Cultural Nationalism.
  • Mexican American Mayors.
  • Cuban Americans.
  • Miami core base of power.
  • Strong Anti-communism.
  • Effect national politics.
  • African American - Cuban relations tense.

27
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Concern of Fourth Wave Immigrants.
  • Immigration.
  • Bilingualism.
  • Jobs.

28
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Rainbow Coalition - Inter-ethnic and other
    configuration of diverse coalitions to govern
    cities.
  • Term coined by Jessie Jackson.
  • Why not earlier emergence in lower class European
    immigrants?
  • Fragmentary pressures ethnic, religious,
    privatism, upward mobility.
  • Multi-Ethnic Coalitions.
  • Difficult due to differences in ethnic group
    voting preferences.
  • Possible alliances.
  • Multi-ethnic and class.
  • Minority and Liberals.
  • African American Latino.
  • Difficult - Tom Bradley as example.

29
LIBS/POS/SOC 245 City and Citizenship03/03/2004
  • Bias and City Politics.
  • Non-middle class portions of ethnic minorities
    face biases.
  • Economic/opportunity disadvantages.
  • Hypersegregation, ghetto as trap.
  • Governmental Reforms (to break power of machines)
    loosen ethnic bloc power.
  • Inability of multi-ethnic lower class coalition
    to materialized.
  • Current ethnic politics not like machine based
    ethnic politics.
  • Patronage not the same as affirmative action
    programs.
About PowerShow.com