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UNITED NATIONS ARMS EMBARGOES ARMS FLOWS TO ARMED NONSTATE ACTORS PAUL HOLTOM SIPRI

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21 of the 27 UN arms embargoes imposed between 1990 and 2007 ... Liberia: Burkina Faso, Guinea, Libya. Rwanda: Zaire. Sierra Leone: Burkina Faso, Liberia, Libya ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNITED NATIONS ARMS EMBARGOES ARMS FLOWS TO ARMED NONSTATE ACTORS PAUL HOLTOM SIPRI


1
UNITED NATIONS ARMS EMBARGOES ARMS FLOWS TO ARMED
NON-STATE ACTORS PAUL HOLTOM SIPRI
  • 18 March 2008

Download the report and background case studies
via http//books.sipri.org
2
Embargoed armed non-state actors
  • 21 of the 27 UN arms embargoes imposed between
    1990 and 2007 targeted armed non-state actors.
  • 14 of these 21 arms embargoes targeted armed
    non-state actors in Africa
  • 9 of these 21 arms embargoes targeted only armed
    non-state actors
  • SALW represented the main types of weapons sought
    and received

3
Demand factors impacting arms flows to embargoed
armed non-state actors
  • The situation on the ground
  • Existing arms and ammunition stocks
  • Sources of funding
  • Access to sources of arms

4
Supply factors impacting arms flows to embargoed
armed non-state actors
  • State capacities to implement and enforce arms
    embargoes
  • The political will of states to implement and
    enforce arms embargoes
  • State and non-state actors willing to violate
    arms embargoes

5
Which states have allegedly covertly facilitated
the supply of arms to embargoed armed non-state
actors?
  • Some examples from Africa
  • Darfur (Sudan) Chad, Eritrea, Libya and Sudan
  • The DRC Rwanda and Uganda
  • Liberia Burkina Faso, Guinea, Libya
  • Rwanda Zaire
  • Sierra Leone Burkina Faso, Liberia, Libya
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