Implementing the Comprehensive NuclearTestBan Treaty - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Implementing the Comprehensive NuclearTestBan Treaty


1
Implementing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban
Treaty
  • What would Entry Into Force entail for States
    Parties
  • Hein Haak

Version with less pictures
2
Introduction
  • Overview CTBT
  • States Signatories role in PrepCom stage
  • States Parties role after EIF

3
CTBT the Holy Grail of Arms Control
  • . not to carry out any nuclear weapon test
    explosion or any other nuclear explosion .
    (Article I. Basic obligations)
  • CTBT the longest-sought, hardest-fought prize in
    arms control (Clinton, 1996)
  • 1996-2006 10 years CTBT in the PrepCom stage

4
CTBT art. II The Organization
  • International Verification of Compliance
  • Treaty with extensive verification facilities
    based on objective information
  • Forum for consultation and cooperation among
    States Parties
  • Organization
  • Conference of States Parties
  • Executive Council
  • Technical Secretariat to assist States Parties in
    the implementation of the Treaty

5
CTBT on the national levelArticle III National
Implementation Measures
  • each State Party shall designate or set up a
    National Authority
  • The National Authority shall serve as the
    national focal point for liaison with the
    Organization and with other States Parties.
  • (Most states have a National Data Center)

6
CTBT basic facts PrepCom phase (October 2006)
  • 176 signatures
  • 135 ratifications
  • 34 article XIV ratifications out of 44 for EIF
    (from the 10 remaining states 3 have not signed)
  • Provisional Technical Secretariat with 270 staff
    members from 69 States Signatories
  • Policy making organs Working Groups A B and
    Advisory Group

7
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
  • The Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO was set
    up for the purpose of carrying out the necessary
    preparations for the implementation of the CTBT
  • The Provisional Technical Secretariat is
    establishing the verification system foreseen
    under the Treaty, prior to its entry into force.
  • International Monitoring System
  • International Data Centre
  • On-Site Inspection provisions
  • Atmospheric Tests
  • Underground Tests
  • Underwater Tests

8
The Global Verification Regime
  • Structure
  • International Monitoring System (IMS)
  • 321 Stations seismic, infrasound, hydroacoustic,
    radio nuclide
  • 16 Radionuclide Laboratories
  • International Data Centre (IDC)
  • Global Communication Infrastructure (GCI)
  • Consultation and Clarifications
  • On-Site Inspections (OSI)
  • Confidence-Building Measures

9
International Monitoring System 321 Stations, 16
Radionuclide Laboratories
10
Status of the IMS Network(to date, by
technology, no labs included)
11
IMS Stations in IDC Operations 31 July 2006 (189
Stations)
12
  • Secure Signatory Accounts as of 31 January 2006

Africa Middle East and South Asia Algeria Madaga
scar South Africa Bangladesh Kuwait Burkina Faso
Malawi Tunisia Iran (Islamic Republic
of) KyrgyzstanEgypt Mali Uganda Israel OmanEthi
opia Morocco Zambia Jordan Tajikistan Kenya Namib
ia Zimbabwe Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Libya Nigeria
Eastern Europe North America and Western
Europe Albania Hungary Austria France SpainArmeni
a Lithuania Belgium Germany Sweden Azerbaijan Pola
nd Canada Greece Switzerland Belarus Romania Cypru
s Iceland Turkey Bulgaria Russian
Federation Denmark Italy UK Czech
Republic Slovakia Finland Netherlands
USA Estonia Slovenia Norway Georgia Ukraine
Latin America and the Caribbean South-East Asia,
the Pacific and the Far East Argentina Honduras Au
stralia New Zealand Thailand Belize
Jamaica China Papua New Guinea Viet
Nam Bolivia Mexico Indonesia Philippines Brazil P
anama Japan Republic of Korea Chile
Paraguay Malaysia Solomon Islands Costa
Rica Peru Ecuador Uruguay El Salvador Venezuela Gu
atemala
TOTAL 91 States with 738 Users (Principal Users
- 461, Regular Users - 201 and Station Operators
- 76)
13
Cooperation with Hosting Countries
  • 1. IMS Station Installation
  • site survey contracts
  • site preparation contracts
  • installation contracts and training
  • station operation contracts
  • 2. Training
  • IMS Technical Training Programme
  • Specialized training operators
  • 3. Spin-off Scientific Benefits
  • modern monitoring stations
  • natural hazard mitigation

14

Data Processing Indian Nuclear Test 11 May 1998
Origin Time 1998/05/11
101344.2 Coordinates 27.09o N 71.69o E
- 13-14 km mb 5.0
MS 3.2
15

Seismic Waveforms and Regional MapPakistani
Nuclear Test 28 May 1998
Origin Time 1998/05/28
101617.6 Coordinates 28.91o N 64.84o E
- 13-15 km mb 4.9
MS 3.5
16

Seismic Waveforms and Regional MapKursk Nuclear
Submarine Accident

12 Aug 2000, 73042 GMT, 69.59N 37.41E ?12-15
km
17

Volcanic Activity, Etna Italy
18

Transporting Data and Products to and from IDC
Global Communications Infrastructure
  • Satellite Coverage
  • Hubs in
  • Griesheim, Germany
  • Fucino, Italy (2)
  • Maryland, USA
  • Sydney, Australia
  • Tokyo, Japan

19

IDC Reviewed Event Bulletin21 February 2000 - 31
October 2005 135,035 Events
20
Infrasound Civil and Scientific Applications
Tangurahua Volcano
Guagua Pichincha Volcano
Detection of volcanic explosions would assist in
aviation safety. Specific ways for the
cooperation between the PTS and the International
Civil Aviation Organization were discussed by
scientific experts in Berlin.
21
Seismology Civil and Scientific Applications
Data on potentially damaging earthquakes and
tsunami-related events worldwide to assist
disaster management and response efforts are
available from the IDC. Australia, Japan,
Malaysia, United States receive real-time data
for tsunami warning-related efforts.
22
Civil and Scientific Applications of CTBT
Verification Technologies
Potential civil and scientific applications were
identified and examined during three scientific
experts discussions held in 2002 (London, UK),
2003 (Sopron, Hungary), 2004 (Berlin, Germany)
and 2006 (Budapest, Hungary)
Seismic - Research on earthquake/volcanic
eruption prediction - Studies on earths
structure Hydroacoustic - Location of
underwater volcanic events - Monitoring of sea
temperature and signs of global warming
Infrasound - Detection of volcanic eruptions
(aviation) - Oceanic swell research -
Atmospheric and meteorological studies -
Detection of meteor impacts in the atmosphere
Radionuclide - Radiation monitoring on
possible radioactive releases - Studies on
natural radioactivity - Atmospheric monitoring
and biological research
23
International Cooperation (1)
  • States-sponsored national seminars for CTBT
    States in Africa (The Kingdom of the
    Netherlands)
  • Zambia on 21 February 2006
  • Malawi on 23 February 2006
  • Mozambique (TBD)
  • Workshops and Expert Meetings
  • Workshop for states from South-East Asia
  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 31 May - 2 June 2006
  • Interregional Workshop for States in Gulf Coast
    and Asia
  • 4th quarter 2006 (TBD)

24
International Cooperation (2)
  • Workshops and Expert Meetings (contd)
  • Expert Meeting for States From West Africa
  • planned for 2nd quarter 2006, but postponed-TBD
  • States-sponsored workshops
  • Regional workshops for States in the Greater
    Caribbean (Canada and Mexico)
  • Mexico City, 11-12 October 2006
  • Expert meeting on Civil and Scientific
    Applications of CTBT Verification Technologies
    (Hungary)
  • Budapest, Hungary, 2-3 September 2006

25
International Cooperation (3)
  • States-sponsored NDC-related training courses
  • Finland Hands-on training course for NDC staff
  • to 4th quarter 2006
  • Japan Global seismological observation training
    course 4th quarter 2006

26
Services to States SignatoriesNDC Software
Models
Option 3 Mini IDC
Option 2 NDC-in-a-Box
Option 1 Browser
  • Option 2
  • IDC-like data acquisition and forwarding
  • IDC-like processing and analysis
  • IDC-like data management system
  • Cost/NDC US 500-10,000K
  • Staff/NDC 10-1000
  • Display data and products
  • Download data and products
  • No analysis
  • Option 1
  • Limited detection and location
  • Could add national data

27
International Data Centre (1) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Provision of IMS data and IDC products
  • Specific presentation will be made
  • Technical assistance
  • services_at_ctbto.org
  • Over 400 questions received and dealt with in
    2006
  • Increased autoDRM request and e-mail message
    limits
  • Provision of software and related documentation
  • INF.785 described software available to Member
    States
  • NDC in a box latest version (V2.0)

28
International Data Centre (2) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Training courses
  • Introductory course, 8 12 May, 20 participants
    from 19 countries
  • Customized regional training courses
  • Egypt, 5 - 9 June, 11 participants from 9
    countries
  • Mexico, 31 July 4 August, 12 participants
    from 7 countries
  • Croatia, 25 29 September
  • Advanced technical course, 4 -8 December
  • Deadline for registration 20 October 2006

29
International Data Centre (3) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Visitors programme
  • Two visitors from China spent 6 weeks at the IDC
    in March-April 2006 (About 160 PTS staff hours
    were dedicated to support them)
  • Development of E-learning capabilities
  • Dedicated presentation
  • Workshop for NDCs and Station Operators
  • Venue 20-24 November, Vienna, Austria
  • Agenda (dedicated presentation)

30
CTBT combined efforts
  • Cooperation among states and the PTS for
    installation of stations, calibration and
    operation and maintenance
  • Cooperation to implement the best analysis
    techniques at the IDC
  • Cooperation to assist states in their own
    verification activities
  • Cooperation to ensure that the best scientific
    methods are used throughout the whole of the
    verification system
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Implementing the Comprehensive NuclearTestBan Treaty

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Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Implementing the Comprehensive NuclearTestBan Treaty


1
Implementing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban
Treaty
  • What would Entry Into Force entail for States
    Parties
  • Hein Haak

Version with less pictures
2
Introduction
  • Overview CTBT
  • States Signatories role in PrepCom stage
  • States Parties role after EIF

3
CTBT the Holy Grail of Arms Control
  • . not to carry out any nuclear weapon test
    explosion or any other nuclear explosion .
    (Article I. Basic obligations)
  • CTBT the longest-sought, hardest-fought prize in
    arms control (Clinton, 1996)
  • 1996-2006 10 years CTBT in the PrepCom stage

4
CTBT art. II The Organization
  • International Verification of Compliance
  • Treaty with extensive verification facilities
    based on objective information
  • Forum for consultation and cooperation among
    States Parties
  • Organization
  • Conference of States Parties
  • Executive Council
  • Technical Secretariat to assist States Parties in
    the implementation of the Treaty

5
CTBT on the national levelArticle III National
Implementation Measures
  • each State Party shall designate or set up a
    National Authority
  • The National Authority shall serve as the
    national focal point for liaison with the
    Organization and with other States Parties.
  • (Most states have a National Data Center)

6
CTBT basic facts PrepCom phase (October 2006)
  • 176 signatures
  • 135 ratifications
  • 34 article XIV ratifications out of 44 for EIF
    (from the 10 remaining states 3 have not signed)
  • Provisional Technical Secretariat with 270 staff
    members from 69 States Signatories
  • Policy making organs Working Groups A B and
    Advisory Group

7
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
  • The Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO was set
    up for the purpose of carrying out the necessary
    preparations for the implementation of the CTBT
  • The Provisional Technical Secretariat is
    establishing the verification system foreseen
    under the Treaty, prior to its entry into force.
  • International Monitoring System
  • International Data Centre
  • On-Site Inspection provisions
  • Atmospheric Tests
  • Underground Tests
  • Underwater Tests

8
The Global Verification Regime
  • Structure
  • International Monitoring System (IMS)
  • 321 Stations seismic, infrasound, hydroacoustic,
    radio nuclide
  • 16 Radionuclide Laboratories
  • International Data Centre (IDC)
  • Global Communication Infrastructure (GCI)
  • Consultation and Clarifications
  • On-Site Inspections (OSI)
  • Confidence-Building Measures

9
International Monitoring System 321 Stations, 16
Radionuclide Laboratories
10
Status of the IMS Network(to date, by
technology, no labs included)
11
IMS Stations in IDC Operations 31 July 2006 (189
Stations)
12
  • Secure Signatory Accounts as of 31 January 2006

Africa Middle East and South Asia Algeria Madaga
scar South Africa Bangladesh Kuwait Burkina Faso
Malawi Tunisia Iran (Islamic Republic
of) KyrgyzstanEgypt Mali Uganda Israel OmanEthi
opia Morocco Zambia Jordan Tajikistan Kenya Namib
ia Zimbabwe Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Libya Nigeria
Eastern Europe North America and Western
Europe Albania Hungary Austria France SpainArmeni
a Lithuania Belgium Germany Sweden Azerbaijan Pola
nd Canada Greece Switzerland Belarus Romania Cypru
s Iceland Turkey Bulgaria Russian
Federation Denmark Italy UK Czech
Republic Slovakia Finland Netherlands
USA Estonia Slovenia Norway Georgia Ukraine
Latin America and the Caribbean South-East Asia,
the Pacific and the Far East Argentina Honduras Au
stralia New Zealand Thailand Belize
Jamaica China Papua New Guinea Viet
Nam Bolivia Mexico Indonesia Philippines Brazil P
anama Japan Republic of Korea Chile
Paraguay Malaysia Solomon Islands Costa
Rica Peru Ecuador Uruguay El Salvador Venezuela Gu
atemala
TOTAL 91 States with 738 Users (Principal Users
- 461, Regular Users - 201 and Station Operators
- 76)
13
Cooperation with Hosting Countries
  • 1. IMS Station Installation
  • site survey contracts
  • site preparation contracts
  • installation contracts and training
  • station operation contracts
  • 2. Training
  • IMS Technical Training Programme
  • Specialized training operators
  • 3. Spin-off Scientific Benefits
  • modern monitoring stations
  • natural hazard mitigation

14

Data Processing Indian Nuclear Test 11 May 1998
Origin Time 1998/05/11
101344.2 Coordinates 27.09o N 71.69o E
- 13-14 km mb 5.0
MS 3.2
15

Seismic Waveforms and Regional MapPakistani
Nuclear Test 28 May 1998
Origin Time 1998/05/28
101617.6 Coordinates 28.91o N 64.84o E
- 13-15 km mb 4.9
MS 3.5
16

Seismic Waveforms and Regional MapKursk Nuclear
Submarine Accident

12 Aug 2000, 73042 GMT, 69.59N 37.41E ?12-15
km
17

Volcanic Activity, Etna Italy
18

Transporting Data and Products to and from IDC
Global Communications Infrastructure
  • Satellite Coverage
  • Hubs in
  • Griesheim, Germany
  • Fucino, Italy (2)
  • Maryland, USA
  • Sydney, Australia
  • Tokyo, Japan

19

IDC Reviewed Event Bulletin21 February 2000 - 31
October 2005 135,035 Events
20
Infrasound Civil and Scientific Applications
Tangurahua Volcano
Guagua Pichincha Volcano
Detection of volcanic explosions would assist in
aviation safety. Specific ways for the
cooperation between the PTS and the International
Civil Aviation Organization were discussed by
scientific experts in Berlin.
21
Seismology Civil and Scientific Applications
Data on potentially damaging earthquakes and
tsunami-related events worldwide to assist
disaster management and response efforts are
available from the IDC. Australia, Japan,
Malaysia, United States receive real-time data
for tsunami warning-related efforts.
22
Civil and Scientific Applications of CTBT
Verification Technologies
Potential civil and scientific applications were
identified and examined during three scientific
experts discussions held in 2002 (London, UK),
2003 (Sopron, Hungary), 2004 (Berlin, Germany)
and 2006 (Budapest, Hungary)
Seismic - Research on earthquake/volcanic
eruption prediction - Studies on earths
structure Hydroacoustic - Location of
underwater volcanic events - Monitoring of sea
temperature and signs of global warming
Infrasound - Detection of volcanic eruptions
(aviation) - Oceanic swell research -
Atmospheric and meteorological studies -
Detection of meteor impacts in the atmosphere
Radionuclide - Radiation monitoring on
possible radioactive releases - Studies on
natural radioactivity - Atmospheric monitoring
and biological research
23
International Cooperation (1)
  • States-sponsored national seminars for CTBT
    States in Africa (The Kingdom of the
    Netherlands)
  • Zambia on 21 February 2006
  • Malawi on 23 February 2006
  • Mozambique (TBD)
  • Workshops and Expert Meetings
  • Workshop for states from South-East Asia
  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 31 May - 2 June 2006
  • Interregional Workshop for States in Gulf Coast
    and Asia
  • 4th quarter 2006 (TBD)

24
International Cooperation (2)
  • Workshops and Expert Meetings (contd)
  • Expert Meeting for States From West Africa
  • planned for 2nd quarter 2006, but postponed-TBD
  • States-sponsored workshops
  • Regional workshops for States in the Greater
    Caribbean (Canada and Mexico)
  • Mexico City, 11-12 October 2006
  • Expert meeting on Civil and Scientific
    Applications of CTBT Verification Technologies
    (Hungary)
  • Budapest, Hungary, 2-3 September 2006

25
International Cooperation (3)
  • States-sponsored NDC-related training courses
  • Finland Hands-on training course for NDC staff
  • to 4th quarter 2006
  • Japan Global seismological observation training
    course 4th quarter 2006

26
Services to States SignatoriesNDC Software
Models
Option 3 Mini IDC
Option 2 NDC-in-a-Box
Option 1 Browser
  • Option 2
  • IDC-like data acquisition and forwarding
  • IDC-like processing and analysis
  • IDC-like data management system
  • Cost/NDC US 500-10,000K
  • Staff/NDC 10-1000
  • Display data and products
  • Download data and products
  • No analysis
  • Option 1
  • Limited detection and location
  • Could add national data

27
International Data Centre (1) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Provision of IMS data and IDC products
  • Specific presentation will be made
  • Technical assistance
  • services_at_ctbto.org
  • Over 400 questions received and dealt with in
    2006
  • Increased autoDRM request and e-mail message
    limits
  • Provision of software and related documentation
  • INF.785 described software available to Member
    States
  • NDC in a box latest version (V2.0)

28
International Data Centre (2) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Training courses
  • Introductory course, 8 12 May, 20 participants
    from 19 countries
  • Customized regional training courses
  • Egypt, 5 - 9 June, 11 participants from 9
    countries
  • Mexico, 31 July 4 August, 12 participants
    from 7 countries
  • Croatia, 25 29 September
  • Advanced technical course, 4 -8 December
  • Deadline for registration 20 October 2006

29
International Data Centre (3) Measures
supporting NDC capacity building
  • Visitors programme
  • Two visitors from China spent 6 weeks at the IDC
    in March-April 2006 (About 160 PTS staff hours
    were dedicated to support them)
  • Development of E-learning capabilities
  • Dedicated presentation
  • Workshop for NDCs and Station Operators
  • Venue 20-24 November, Vienna, Austria
  • Agenda (dedicated presentation)

30
CTBT combined efforts
  • Cooperation among states and the PTS for
    installation of stations, calibration and
    operation and maintenance
  • Cooperation to implement the best analysis
    techniques at the IDC
  • Cooperation to assist states in their own
    verification activities
  • Cooperation to ensure that the best scientific
    methods are used throughout the whole of the
    verification system
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