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POS 316416 Latin American Politics 09202004

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Broken Silence re: Guatemalan Mayan Human Rights Activist Rigoberta Mehch (1993). News story re: EZLN 1996. Lecture/discussion. Written assignment. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POS 316416 Latin American Politics 09202004


1
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Course website.
  • http//faculty.roosevelt.edu/erickson/courses/pos3
    16-416/
  • Presentation assignment distributed.
  • Paper topic description assignment distributed.
  • Conquest and Post-Conquest historical overview.
  • Indigenous rights.
  • Videos (approx. 29 minutes).
  • Broken Silence re Guatemalan Mayan Human Rights
    Activist Rigoberta Mehchú (1993).
  • News story re EZLN 1996.
  • Lecture/discussion.
  • Written assignment.
  • Examples of mobilization/Prospects for indigenous
    rights.

2
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Readings for the Week.
  • Vanden and Prevost, Chapter 4 The Other
    Americans.
  • Foweraker, et. al, Chapter 9 Minority and
    Indigenous Rights.
  • Overview of Latin American History.
  • Preconquest to 21st century.
  • Comparing Latin America and the United States.
  • US born classically liberal.
  • Latin America born feudal.
  • Feudal legacy very profound in Latin America.
  • Pre-conquest Civilizations Major - Incas, Maya,
    Aztec.
  • Little contact with peoples from other hemisphere
    from initial migration 40,000-8,000bce - until
    1490s/1500s.
  • Scattered pockets of settlement until
    centralization into large scale
    civilizations/empires.
  • Incan Empire.

3
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • The Conquest
  • Conquest and extension of the reconquest of
    Iberian Peninsula
  • Moors/Islam vs. Christianized Western Europe.
  • Moors driven out of Spain and Colombus.
  • Consequence of protracted military struggle,
    Spanish and Portuguese institutions authoritarian
    and top down.
  • Little or no separation of powers/checks and
    balances.
  • Autocratic legacy carried to Latin America.
  • At time of Columbuss landing 3 million
    indigenous in North America.
  • 30 million indigenous in Latin America.
  • North American indigenous groups smaller tribal.
  • Latin America - Major Civilizations subordinated
    through military conquest and complex play of
    alliances.

4
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Factors contributing to relative ease of
    conquest.
  • Spaniards and Portuguese home fighting in context
    of reconquest.
  • Spaniards have advantages of armaments (guns,
    cannons, horses, cavalries, attack dogs.
  • Differences in war-fighting styles. Euro. swift
    sure victory Amero-Indian armies ritualistic
    warfare, warning, not as heavy an emphasis on
    seizing and holding territory for exploitation.
  • Disease weakens morale and population base for
    Amero-Indian armies.
  • Indians peoples cosmology and eschatology
    initially misinterpreted conquest.
  • Sedentary agricultural civilizations highly tied
    to land.
  • Spaniards and Portuguese inherited political
    culture used to violent conflict, conquest,
    rebellion not first reaction to conquest by
    another hierarchical force.

5
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Spanish Colonial Conquests
  • Hispanola.
  • Cuba and Puerto Rico
  • Mexico - Cortez
  • Central America.
  • South America - Pizarro.
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
  • Chile.
  • Portuguese
  • Brazil 1500.

6
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas. Carved up Spanish and
    Portuguese Spheres of Influence.
  • Colonial Society.
  • Established Mirrors of Original Feudal Order at
    Home.
  • Reflected and Reinforced medieval system in home
    countries.
  • Economy Feudal and Exploitative.
  • King.
  • Viceroy.
  • Captain General or hacendado.

7
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Developmental Trajectories of Latin and North
    America.
  • Dimensions of Comparison.
  • Variations in Impact of Conquest on Indigenous
    Population.
  • Colonial Origins and Political Legacy.
  • Land Holdings.
  • Geographic Features.
  • Patterns of Urbanization and Population Density.
  • Class Structure and Mode of Production.
  • Preconquest.
  • Colonial.
  • Independence.
  • Industrial.
  • Post-Industrial.

8
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics - 09/20/2004
  • Vanden and Prevost and Foweraker, et. al re
    indigenous rights.
  • Indigenous mobilization.
  • Context.
  • Minorities at Risk Dataset.
  • LANIC Indigenous Rights Index.
  • Cold War.
  • Globalization.
  • Videos. Videos (approx. 29 minutes).
  • Broken Silence re Guatemalan Mayan Human Rights
    Activist Rigoberta Mehchú (1993).
  • News story re EZLN 1996.
  • Lecture/discussion.
  • Written assignment in light of videos.
  • Contrasting examples of mobilization/Prospects
    for indigenous rights.
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