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Energy Efficiency Improvement

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Provide electricity with minimum price and best quality ... High prices of efficient equipment. ... Decrease of price lamp from 1999-2008. Component 2. EEIGGR ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Energy Efficiency Improvement


1
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Energy Efficiency Policy in Egypt and its
perspectives
2
Introduction
The energy sector is playing a vital role in
Egypt's economy. However, the Egyptian government
currently faces a real challenge to make a
strategic choice between satisfying the ever
increasing national primary energy demand
(depending by more than 94 on oil and gas) that
is being offered to end-users with subsidized
prices, and maintaining a certain level of hard
currency revenues from oil and gas exports at
world prices, even with a growing risk of
accelerated depletion rates of national proven
reserves. For the electricity sector, the load
and energy demand grows by more than 10 per
year where the load is expected to reach 39703MW
and the energy 220450 GWh by year 2020.
3
Energy Forecast up to 2030
4
Peak Load Forecast up to 2030
5
Supply and Demand Sides
Meeting the ever increasing demand on electricity
with a high degree of reliability and
sustainability has been one of the main issues
addressed by the strategy developed and
implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and
Energy. The Egyptian Electricity sector has
adopted strong measures in order to improve
energy efficiency at both the supply and demand
sides, this resulted in reducing the overall
average specific fuel consumption from 340 gm to
221 gm of oil equivalent per kWh, reducing losses
from 18 to11.5 in 2004/2005. Comparable
efforts have been conducted on the demand side to
effectively utilize the electrical energy.
6
Electricity Energy Mix
  • Egypt has traditionally been using large amounts
    of renewable energy, especially hydropower, to
    generate electricity. In recent times the use of
    wind, solar and biomass energy has contributed
    to electricity production. However, at present,
    almost 87 of the total generated electricity
    origins from fossil sources with 80 natural gas
    , 12 from Hydro and 0.7 from wind , a rate
    which will increase in future due to continuing
    high rates of demand growth.
  • For renewable energies a share of 20 on the
    energy production by 2020
  • For energy efficiency the objective was defined
    to save 20 of todays consumption by 2020.

7
Electricity Sector Strategy
  • The national strategy for Egypts power sector
    includes among others the following
  • Optimize use of available energy sources and
    minimize environment pollution
  • Provide electricity with minimum price and best
    quality
  • Restructure electricity sector to optimize
    investments and improve electrical services
  • Utilize modern and sophisticated technical
    systems in electricity sector's operation and
    activities
  • Develop the expertise and skills of engineers and
    technicians working in the electricity sector.
  • Energy Efficiency Improvement

8
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
  • As continuation of the electricity sector
    efforts, the Energy Efficiency Improvement
    Greenhouse Gas Reduction (EEIGGR) Project,
    was decided in 1998, fits very well into this
    strategy
  • The Project with the overall objective to reduce
    the long-term growth of greenhouse gas emissions
    from electric power generation and from
    consumption of non-renewable fuel resources is
    mainly based upon higher efficiency of equipment
    in the sector and better know-how of the
    professional staff through capacity building and
    learning.
  • The Projects aims were specifically to assist
    Egypt in loss reduction in the electricity
    transmission system and in load management,
    enhance the end-use efficiency by market
    incentives and provide further information and
    support for co-generated electricity.

9
Quantitative objectives for renewable energies
and energy efficiency
  • This GEF project shall be vital to the
    achievement of such goals.
  • The program presents an integrated effort
    focusing on electricity consumption. Given the
    current shortage of capacity in addition to the
    reduction of electricity consumption and thus C02
    emissions the government of Egypt through the
    Ministry of Electricity and Energy has an
    additional strong interest in these activities as
    an effort to curb the growth in load.
  • The program covers the technologies of
  • Energy efficient lighting (mainly CFL lamps but
    also modern lamps for street lighting)

10
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
  • Project Activities
  • Component 1
  • Loss Reduction load Shifting in the
  • Unified Power System (UPS)
  • Component 2
  • Energy Efficiency Market Support
  • Component 3
  • Cogeneration

11
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 1
EEIGGR
LOSS REDUCTION, LOAD SHIFTING AND LOAD
MANAGEMENT IN THE UPS
12
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 1
EEIGGR
The project target is to reduce the transmission
losses of the UPS from 7 5, reduce energy
consumption by 0.17 MTOE and 0.48 MTons of CO2.
13
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 1
EEIGGR
Improving Network Losses Measurement Capability
  • Calibration and maintenance of measuring devices
    using the high accuracy (0.01) calibrating
    equipment procured by the project.
  • Improve Dynamic Response of all Thermal Stations
  • Assessment of dynamic response of generating
    units (37 units- 10 000MW) based on original
    specifications and take mitigation actions to
    improve their performance.
  • Tuning of 24 units to work under Automatic
    Generation Control (AGC)

14
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 1
EEIGGR
Improve Transmission Losses through Network
Analysis and Control Strategies
  • Maximum use of reactive power of the generating
    units.
  • Improve the power factor through installation of
    capacitor banks at selected locations.
  • Optimization of network planning by using the up
    to date software program Optimum Power Flow
    (OPF).
  • Load re distribution

15
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 1
EEIGGR
Percentage
16
Fuel Saving and CO2 Reductionfrom component 1
  • All these activities lead to a reduction of
    percentage losses to reach 3.68 by year
    2007/2008.
  • Accumulated Fuel Savings from the start of the
    project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007 3.2 MtOE.
  • Accumulated CO2 reduction from the start of the
    project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007 9.59 MTons

17
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Efficiency Market Support
18
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Audits
  • Total of 200 energy audits using 10 different
    technologies have been accomplished in industrial
    and commercial facilities.
  • Training of 60 engineers in the field of energy
    audits.
  • 20 audits only have been implemented.
  • Under capitalized ESCO (problems to access to
    finance).
  • Unfavorable lending terms.
  • High prices of efficient equipment.
  • Exchange rates of the currency led to reduction
    of the economical attractiveness of the E.E.
    projects.

19
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Loan Guarantee Program
  • EEIGGR project has developed a new scheme for
    the loan guarantee mechanism to provide the
    necessary finance for the energy service
    companies (ESCOs) through providing guarantee to
    these companies to get loans from the banks.
  • An agreement has been signed between the Egyptian
    Electricity Holding Company and the Credit
    Guarantee Company and an approved list of
    projects are expected to benefit from this
    mechanism.

20
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Loan Guarantee Program
  • 7 ESCOs have been selected and energy efficiency
    technologies have been adopted which can payback
    in less than 3 years.
  • It is required to leverage additional funds to
    facilitate implementation of large size projects.

21
Loan Guarantee Mechanism
22
Efficient Lighting Initiative
  • In Egypt, the share of lighting accounts for
    nearly 23 of the total energy sold in the
    country
  • The residential and commercial sectors consumes
    nearly 25 of their energy -estimated at 44 of
    the total energy for lighting purposes, the
    lighting consumed by the industrial sector
    accounts for10, while the public lighting and
    government buildings lighting accounts for
    nearly 7 .

23
Share of lighting out of the total consumption
for the most consuming sectors
24
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Project Initiatives to face these obstacles
  • Study for the reduction of custom duties of two
    selected equipments CFL from 30 to 5 and
    efficient motors from 30 to 10, ( not yet
    approved).
  • Undertake a program for the diffusion of CFL by
    the DCs through replication of the leasing
    program.
  • Encourage the Local manufacturers to manufacture
    CFL locally (6 factories were established).
  • Public awareness program for the diffusion of
    efficient lamps which led to the increase of the
    market size of CFL from 434 million/2001 to 4.4
    million/2007
  • Encourage NGOs to implement energy efficiency
    projects.

25

Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Development of Egyptian Market for CFLs 2000 To
2007
No. of CFLs
4.4 Million
Year
26

Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Decrease of price lamp from 1999-2008
27
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Cooperation with NGOs
  • Cooperation with GEF Small Grants Program (SGP)
    to assist 7 NGOs in financing energy efficiency
    lighting programs.
  • Promoting the use of efficient lighting equip.
    many demonstration application have been executed
    at different locations
  • Some street lighting, in Cairo and Alexandria
  • Headquarter offices,
  • garage and some offices
  • in EEHC building
  • (total of 620 lamps)
  • Electricity compounds
  • and power plants in Cairo.

28
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
  • Within the cooperation with NGOs training of 60
    electric technicians and lending them money for
    buying and mounting CFL and electronic ballasts
    to customers thus their increasing awareness
  • Application of leasing program for CFL (revolving
    fund) in Cairo, Alexandria and Beheira DCs

29
Fuel Saving and CO2 Reductionfrom efficient
lighting applications
  • Accumulated Fuel Savings from the start of the
    project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007 0.77MTOE.
  • Accumulated CO2 reduction from the start of the
    project in 1999 up to year 2006/2007 2.274
    MTons

30
Public Lighting and Governmental Buildings
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
  • Public lighting and governmental buildings
    consumes 7and 5.5 respectively.
  • Two important studies were carried out
  • Energy efficiency opportunities in governmental
    buildings,
  • Public lighting energy efficiency through the use
    of efficient lighting systems.

31
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Governmental
Buildings
  • Study recommendations
  • Short term recommendations
  • Appointment of an energy manager for each
    governmental building in addition to awareness
    programs
  • Medium term recommendations
  • Implementing retrofits of the current
    governmental building facilities especially for
    the lighting system, in addition of improving
    power factor for these buildings.
  • Long term recommendations
  • Developing governmental procurement guidelines
    to take into consideration energy efficiency
    concept. This stage will rely on the results and
    experience gained from the medium term
    recommendations.

32
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Governmental
Buildings
  • The Ministry of Electricity and Energy has taken
    the initiative of starting by its own buildings.
  • The electricity distribution companies started
    already implementing energy efficiency measures
    in their administrative buildings where real
    savings have been achieved

33
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Efficiency Labels and Standards
  • A ministerial decree of the Minister of Industry
    was issued for applying the specifications and
    the energy efficiency labels for three selected
    appliances (Refrigerators, air conditioners and
    washing machines).

Accredited Energy Efficiency Testing Laboratories
have been erected at New and Renewable Energy
Authority premises for the
  • (Refrigerators, air conditioners and washing
    machines).
  • Efficient lighting equipment CFLs and electronic
    ballasts

34
(No Transcript)
35
Refrigerators and Washing Machines and efficient
lighting Energy Efficiency Testing Labs. At NREA
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Energy Efficiency Labels and Standards
36
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 2
EEIGGR
Residential Energy Efficiency Building Code
  • A ministerial decree (482/2005) by the Ministry
    of Housing Utilities Urban communities has been
    issued on 20/12/2005 for enforcement of E.E. code
    for residential buildings.
  • The Ministerial decree for the commercial
    buildings will be issued within the next few
    months.
  • Work is undergoing for developing an energy
    efficiency code for the administrative buildings.
  • Legislation is needed for ensure enforcement
    mechanisms for adoption of energy efficiency
    building codes where the expected savings could
    reach 20 to 25 of the consumption.

37
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 3
EEIGGR
Cogeneration
38
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
Component 3
EEIGGR
Maximize the utilization of the existing
cogeneration capacity
  • An Agreement with Arab Contractors Co. has been
    signed to develop the cogeneration unit at Alu
    Misr for its parallel operation with the grid.
  • A feasibility study for the parallel operation
    has been carried out for testing the unit under
    loading conditions and identify ways to improve
    its current load factor of 57 to an increased
    targeted load factor of 80 after maintenance.

39
Future Energy Efficiency Projects
Energy Efficiency Improvement Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Project
EEIGGR
  • National Efficient Lighting Initiative (NELI) in
    Egypt
  • Develop Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels
    for More Electrical Appliances.
  • Increase the capacity of the loan guarantee
    mechanism for financing more energy efficiency
    projects.
  • (Part A) National Efficient Lighting Initiative
    in Residential Sector
  • PART (B) Energy Efficiency Improvement in
    Governmental Buildings.

40
Thanks for your attention
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