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Operator Maintenance Requirements Seminar

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and how they will affect Operators. Presented by. The CAA Airworthiness Team. 1 ... Additional Airworthiness Requirements. 21. Certification of Products and Parts. 66 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Operator Maintenance Requirements Seminar


1
Operator Maintenance Requirements Seminar
  • A look at the changes
  • and how they will affect Operators

Presented by The CAA Airworthiness Team
2
Seminar Ground Rules
  • We ask that you think about the following
  • CELL-PHONE MANAGEMENT
  • CONSIDERATION OF DIFFERENCES
  • QUESTIONS / COMMENTS
  • Please feel free to ask any questions that you
    might have at any time
  • Ask that you keep all comments or questions
    relevant to the subject matter and of a general
    interest to all.

3
Introduction
  • There are fundamental changes to maintenance
    requirements
  • They will affect almost every aircraft, owner or
    operator, and maintainer
  • Also changes to format, drafting style and
    terminology

4
Introduction
  • Here to give an overview of the significant
    changes
  • What you have been handed out?
  • Handout follows the PowerPoint presentation,
  • yours to keep and take notes on
  • DRAFT ACs
  • We will discuss later in presentation
  • The CD has a workbook that show the changes,
    comparing old to new Rule and copies of the DRAFT
    ACs
  • This will also be on the CAA web site

5
Introduction
  • Please note that these Rule Changes are not up
    for any further Consultation
  • These are the New Rules
  • Effective 1 March 2007
  • Let start with
  • a review of the rules structure...

6
Linkage of Civil Aviation Maintenance Related
Rules
7
Major Changes
  • Maintenance Programs
  • Escalations
  • ARAs / Maintenance Reviews
  • App. A Maintenance (Pilot Maint.)
  • Required Inspections
  • Maintenance Certification
  • Other requirements

8
Major ChangesFor 119/135 Operators
  • Maintenance program requirements
  • Exposition transition
  • Seating and restraints
  • Options for maintenance
  • Reliability reporting
  • Maintenance reviews

9
Maintenance Programs
  • App C is gone.
  • All aircraft will have a maintenance program
  • The default program for Part 91 Ops is the
    Manufacturers Schedules
  • The program for Air Transport Operators is still
    approved under 119
  • We will discuss these in more detail later

10
Escalations
  • On Condition has gone
  • To operate beyond manufacturers TBOs an
    Escalation Program will have to be in place
  • We will discuss this in more detail later

11
ARAs
  • Fundamental changes to ARA requirements
  • Can no longer be certified with defects (new
    definition)
  • Latitude of 36 days
  • Can fly for the purpose of getting ARA

12
ARAs
  • Now like the Warrant of Fitness on your car
  • If you have a defect this must be fixed prior to
    flying and the getting the ARA certified
  • If longer than 30 days to fix defects a complete
    new ARA required
  • All ARA returns to go to CAA
  • There are additional requirements
  • E.g. Min Instrument Equipment check

13
  • Latitude requires tech log entry
  • Scheduled inspections (including any latitude)
    must remain current.

14
Appendix A Maintenance
  • What was called pilot maintenance
  • Split in privileges between certificated
    operators and Part 91
  • Expanded to include unrated LAMEs

15
Appendix A Maintenance
  • Now called A1 and A2
  • A1 base privileges for all
  • A2 additional privileges for non- certificated
    operators
  • Additions include oil changes, spark plug
    changes

16
Appendix A Maintenance
  • Requires training by LAME and documentation to
    support this.
  • Written authorisation of owner/operator

17
Required Inspections
  • Now require reweigh 10 years
  • Type certificated to 4 seats or more
  • Inspections such as compass swing etc now moved
    to rules
  • Microlights with transponders require same check
    as other aircraft

18
Maintenance Certification
  • New RTS wording statement
  • New duplicate inspection requirements and
    certification
  • New operational flight check requirements
  • Inoperative equipment

19
Dual Controls Change
20
Release to Service (RTS)
  • New RTS worded statement
  • Refer 43.105
  • RTS needs to be made for all maintenance -
    including all App A maintenance (in tech log)
  • E.g. role equipment, inoperative or MEL equipment

21
Duplicate Inspections
  • New requirements for who can perform second
    inspection
  • Must be a document holder
  • E.g. LAME, current rated pilot
  • Have appropriate training, knowledge and
    experience
  • Certification and terminology changed

22
Operational Flight Checks
  • Maintainer to determine the need
  • Requires specific RTS prior to flight check
  • Post flight check defects to be recorded in tech
    log

23
Inoperative Equipment
  • New requirement to certify RTS for all inop
    equipment, either MEL or by rule
  • To be entered in tech log and placarded

24
Other stuff
  • CO detectors to be fitted and current
  • Radio station (2129) and weight balance (2173)
    documents to be in flight manual
  • Cannot carry maintenance logbooks in the aircraft
  • Duty times for engineers for all maintenance

25
Part 119 Changes
  • New requirements
  • Must establish a maintenance program
  • Include aircraft type and serial number
  • Program equivalence to Part 91 Subpart G
  • Aircraft induction procedure

26
Part 119 Changes
  • New requirement to have procedures for varying a
    program due to service experience.
  • Changed reference to maintenance records
  • Procedures for foreign operations
  • Transition 12 months

27
Part 135 Changes
  • Seating and restraints
  • Now includes helicopters
  • Options for maintenance
  • Program must identify ARA or maintenance review
  • Restriction on who can have maintenance reviews

28
Part 135 Changes
  • Maintenance requirements associated with
    maintenance review
  • Maintenance of heavy helicopters
  • Has come across from Part 43
  • Condition monitored maintenance programmes
  • Must provide reliability reporting

29
Part 135 Maintenance Review changes
  • New requirements for maintenance review to align
    with ARA
  • Conform to TCDS
  • Time-in-service recorder
  • Modifications and repairs conformity check
  • Clarifies who authorises person to perform
    maintenance review
  • Change to certification statement

30
Major Changes - Summary
  • Maintenance Programs
  • Escalations
  • ARAs / Maintenance Reviews
  • App. A Maintenance (Pilot Maint.)
  • Required Inspections
  • Maintenance Certification
  • Other Requirements

31
Maintenance Programs -Remember
  • App C is gone.
  • All aircraft will have a maintenance program
  • The default program for Part 91 ops is the
    manufacturers schedules
  • The program for Air Transport Operators is still
    approved under 119

32
Maintenance Programs
  • Four options for maintenance
  • For all but air transport
  • Manufacturers schedule
  • CAA approved program (91.607)
  • Acceptable program (AC91-YY)
  • For air transport
  • an approved program within their 119

33
Manufacturers Schedules
  • Default program for Part 91 ops
  • All the requirements of the schedules
  • Specials hoses, engine mounts, control cables,
    trim jacks etc
  • Aging aircraft programs e.g. Cessna SIDS and CAPS
  • Calendar inspections

34
Approved Program (91.607)
  • For non-air transport that wish to develop own
    program
  • All the requirements equivalent to the
    manufacturers schedules need to be considered,
    as previous
  • Additionally must include procedures for
  • Maintenance control
  • Escalation programs

35
Acceptable Program - AC91-YY
  • For non hire or reward (Part 91 Ops)
  • Aeroplane operators only- piston engine below
    2730 kgs
  • Currently in DRAFT refer copy
  • All the requirements of the manufacturers
    special/supplementary inspections need to be
    meet.
  • Special hoses, engine mounts, control cables,
    trim jacks etc
  • Aging aircraft programs
  • Calendar inspections

36
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37
Escalations - Remember
  • On condition has gone
  • To operate beyond manufacturers TBOs an
    escalation program will have to be in place

38
Escalations (beyond TBO)
  • Default is the manufacturers TBO
  • Part 91 ops piston engines (non hire or reward)
    will be able to use AC91-XX
  • For all other operations escalation must be
    included in either
  • 91.607 approved program
  • 119 approved program

39
Escalations Part 91 ops (non hire or reward)
  • Can use AC91-XX as acceptable method for engine
    to remain in service
  • Existing on condition engines using AC43-5A
    will need to transition per requirements in
    AC91-XX when published

40
Escalations Part 91 ops (hire or reward)
  • Will need to incorporate into approved program
  • Will be to fixed TBO period
  • AC91-XX will provide guidance material
  • Transition is to March 2009

41
Propellers fixed and variable
  • Default is the manufacturers TBO
  • Non air transport aircraft
  • Must still be overhauled at manufacturers TBO
    hours
  • May elect to have calendar inspection per AC43-XX
    every five years
  • If go past the five years then must be overhauled
    at manufacturers calendar (and hours) TBO

42
Things to consider - Hire or Reward e.g. Ag
parachute operators, flight trainers, etc
  • Part 141 maintenance program requirements
  • 91.607 approved program covering
  • Engine escalation procedures
  • Maintenance of role equipment
  • Manufacturers requirements
  • SIDs, CAPs, etc

43
Things to consider - Part 91 Operators (non
Hire or Reward)
  • Manufacturers Schedule
  • Talk with your maintainer about all the
    requirements of the schedules
  • Specials e.g. hoses, engine mounts, control
    cables, trim jacks etc
  • Aging aircraft programs
  • Escalation for piston engined aeroplanes
  • Meet requirements of AC91-XX

44
Things to consider - Part 119/135 operators
  • Review maintenance programmes
  • Aircraft type and serial number
  • Induction procedure
  • Options for maintenance
  • Condition monitored maintenance
  • Maintenance review

45
Wrap up
  • Any questions????
  • If you go away from here and think of something
    later please contact one of us
  • Any useful feedback on improving these seminars
    appreciated
  • Thanks for coming
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