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Child Abuse


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Title: Child Abuse

An Important Piece of Child Protective Services
Training Objectives
  • Learn CPS History, Mission and Purpose
  • Understand CPS Board Roles and Requirements
  • Understand Roles of Regional and State Councils
    of Child Welfare Boards
  • Understand Recognize the Dynamics of Child
  • Learn Reporting Laws Requirements

What Makes A Board Successful
  • Must be well-informed about issues decisions
  • Communication system
    (how how often members receive
  • Personal Characteristics to Consider
    Ability to listen, analyze, think clearly,
    work well with people

    Willing to prepare for/attend meetings ask
    questions Possess honesty, sensitivity to
    tolerance of differing views,
    community-building skills, personal integrity,
    developed sense of values, concern for
    non-profits development a sense of humor

Board Member Responsibilities
  • Attend all board committee meetings functions
    (including special events)
  • Be informed about the organizations mission,
    services, policies, programs
  • Review agenda and supporting materials prior to
    board committee meetings
  • Serve on committees or task forces
  • Inform others about the Child Welfare Board
  • Suggest possible nominees to the board who can
    make significant contributions to the work of the
  • Stay current on child abuse neglect issues
  • Follow conflict of interest confidentiality
  • Refrain from making special requests of staff
  • Assist the board in carrying out its fiduciary

A Close Encounter of the Board Information System
  • Focus on decision-making
  • Stimulate participation
  • Be clear, concise, meaningful,
    timely, and relevant
  • Board decides when information is needed
  • Information may include Agenda, Discussion
    Information, Committee Reports, Financial
    Information, Annual Budgets, Minutes, Notice of
    Next Meeting, Strategic Planning, Memo from Board
    President, Newsletters, websites, etc.

Mission and Purpose
  • Texas Department of Family Protective Services
  • mission is to
  • Disclaimer Caseworkers do not possess
    superhuman powers, although at times appearances
    may be deceiving

Protective Services purpose is to protect
children from abuse and/or neglect and to
act in each childs best interest
  • March 20, 1848 law was enacted providing for
    apprenticeship (a form of guardianship)
  • 1907 Texas Juvenile (Dependency Neglect) Act
    (defined dependent or neglected children
    provided for first reporting requirements home
  • 1931 Enacted law that created Division of Child
    Welfare Services and was placed under State Board
    of Control (allowed county commissioners to
    appoint county boards of 7-15 to coordinate
    community services)
  • 1939 State assumed child welfare services when
    State Department of Public Welfare was created
  • 1965 DPW was authorized to cooperate with
    federal government in administering the
    anti-poverty program
  • 1974 Texas Family Code created (gave more
    responsibility to DPW and made failure to report
    a misdemeanor initial statewide child abuse
    awareness campaign started)

  • 1974 1985 Department administering Child
    Protective Services underwent 2 name changes
    (Department of Human Resources then Department
    of Human Services)
  • 1987 - Legislature enacted legal definitions for
    abuse and neglect, as well as definition for
    person responsible for the childs care, custody
    or welfare, and who could be identified as an
    alleged perpetrator in civil abuse/neglect cases
    (this narrowed the emphasis from child welfare to
    child protection)
  • 1992 Legislature transferred CPS, APS and CCL
    divisions out of DHS and established TDPRS
  • 2003 78th Texas Legislature created Texas
    Department of Family Protective Services (DFPS)
    with the passage of House Bill 2292.

Heres the Game Plan Child Protective Services
  • Investigates reports of abuse neglect of
  • Provides services to children families in their
    own homes
  • Contracts with other agencies to provide clients
    with specialized services
  • Places children in foster care
  • Provides services to help youth in foster care
    transition to adulthood
  • Places children in adoptive homes

INTAKE FLOW CHARTInvestigators have 24 hours
to respond to a Priority 1 Report and 72 hours
to respond to a Priority 2 Report
  • Federal funding from titles of Social Security
    Act (e.g. Title IVE funds purchased services
    Title XX funds staff, etc.)
  • County funding can also be used to match federal
  • Costs divided among staff, substitute care
    payments, and purchased services.
  • Staff costs include salaries, travel, training,
    office space, supplies, etc.
  • Substitute care payments include reimbursement
    for residential child-care.
  • Purchased services include counseling, in-home
    case management, protective child-care, etc.

Child Welfare BoardsWhat They Are What They
DoThe Legal Base
  • Comprised of citizens appointed by the county
    commissioners court
  • Established through a contract between a county
    commissioners court DFPS (Boards are an entity
    of DFPS for coordinating the use of federal,
    state, and local funds. They are also an
    extension of the county.)
  • Legal base is defined in the Texas Family Code
    and the countys contract with DFPS

The Contract between the County DFPSPoints
Addressed in the DFPS/County contract includes
  • The needs of children in need of protective
    services are to be met through an established
    child welfare board, which administers a county
    wide, jointly financed, state administered and
    regionally operated child welfare program
  • The board
  • is established maintained as cited in
    Section 264.005, Texas Family Code
  • is comprised of no less than 7 and no more
    than 15 members
  • members serve at the commissioners
    pleasure without compensation
  • members are removed or suspended when
    alleged to have committed
  • abuse, neglect, exploitation or a
    specified crime involving an offense
  • against the family, public indecency or
    the Texas Controlled Substance Act
  • A child welfare board has the authority, duties
    responsibilities conferred upon it by statue,
    DFPS and the county

The Contract between the County DFPS, cont.
  • The boards responsibilities are
  • assisting DFPS in identifying meeting the
    needs of the countys
  • children covered under the contract
  • explaining to the community the child
    welfare program its needs
  • and to DFPS the communitys conditions
    attitudes on policy,
  • services priorities
  • being an advisory to the county in
    developing the local policy for meeting
  • the needs of children served under the
    contract, including acting as
  • financial negotiator liaison between CPS
    unit the county commissioners
  • court
  • ensuring confidentiality of information
    concerning the children families according
  • to applicable federal state rules, laws
  • prescribing bylaws (approved by the
    commissioners court) that do not conflict with
  • the terms of the contract between the
    county DFPS and applicable state laws
  • The county provides funds, at its discretion for
  • the care of any child needing protective
    placement that is in DFPS conservatorship
  • ineligible for Title IV-E foster care
    or state paid foster care and/or Medicaid
  • medical care not covered by Title XIX
    (Medicaid) for children ineligible for
  • Medicaid

The Contract between the County DFPS, cont.
  • DFPS seeks Title XIX Medicaid coverage for any
    Medicaid eligible foster child with TANF
  • DFPS receives expends a foster childs personal
    funds (SSI, SSA, child support, etc.) according
    to the childs needs applicable federal and
    state laws regulations
  • In addition to the duties outlined above, the
    Child Welfare Board should report at least
    annually to the county commissioners court the
    status of the countys children, the status of
    the boards activities/achievements budgetary
    needs. The report keeps the county commissioners
    informed helps pave the way for county funded

(No Transcript)
ALL information regarding applicants, clients,
and families involved with CPS is CONFIDENTIAL
under state and federal law
  • These laws help protect people from
  • exploitation, discrimination
  • embarrassment

Client/childs full name is
not to be used in CWB
documents as they are subject to
the open meetings act. Confidential
information shared by DFPS staff must be done in
the boards closed session. Reports ledgers
are to use the first name last initial
(if more than one child has the same first name
last initial, then inclusion of the middle
initial is used.
  • As a registered volunteer, you must sign a form
    acknowledging your understanding of this
    confidentiality requirement

Child Welfare Boards should have
  • A mission statement
  • A yearly goal setting meeting
  • Bylaws
  • An annual budget
  • A current roster of its members
  • Job descriptions for its officers, members
  • Timely orientation for new board members

Executive Boards Committees
  • Each Child Welfare Board has a presiding officer,
    as cited in the Texas Family Code.
  • A boards executive officers standing
    committees are designated in the boards bylaws
  • Child Welfare Board executive officers and their
    duties may be written as shown on page 26 of the
    resource manual.
  • Standing committees address ongoing aspects of
    the boards business activities and are
    specified in the bylaws
  • It is good practice to review your boards bylaws
    on a regular basis and update as necessary

  • Most boards have fixed meeting dates, usually
    meeting monthly.
  • Board members should receive adequate notice for
    all meetings.
  • Agendas basic background material are usually
    sent out to the full board at least a week before
    the meeting.
  • Notice of the meeting must be posted in
    accordance with the Texas Open Meetings Act.
  • To encourage participation to share workload,
    several people are usually responsible for
    handling individual items on the agenda.
  • Texas Family Code 264.005(g) allows for closed
    meetings for certain purposes however separate
    minutes should be kept for the closed sessions
    and no official action may be taken during that

  • Copy of this CWB Resource Manual
  • Review signing of Confidentiality Statement
  • Minutes from the past few meetings
  • Volunteer registration forms to be returned to
    CPS (250 250b)
  • Local Child Welfare Board bylaws
  • Updated board membership list
  • Child Welfare Board contract with the county
  • List of staff members working with the board
    their telephone numbers
  • Two hours of Open Government Training within 90
    days of appointment to the board

Form 0260 Monthly Volunteer Activity Report or
E-mail to the Community Initiative Specialist
Boards can track volunteer hours at My Volunteer On any internet-accessible computer Ask
your Community Initiatives Specialist how
Regional Child Welfare Board Advisory Councils
  • Each region has a regional child welfare board
    advisory council that is comprised of appointed
    delegates from the regions local child welfare
  • The mission of the regional councils is to
    advocate for the welfare of children to assist
    local boards in achieving their goals. Regional
    councils provide training information on
    regional and statewide issues.
  • Each regional council elects 2-3 members to
    represent their council at the Texas Council of
    Child Welfare Boards.

Duties of regional delegates are
  • To serve as liaison between the regional council
    the local board by reporting the local boards
    activities concerns, as well as relaying
    information obtained at the regional meetings
    back to the local board.
  • To educate oneself ones local board on child
    abuse neglect, resources available for
    prevention, intervention, treatment.
  • To attend regional meetings regularly to
    actively participate in the regional councils
    committees activities.

Texas Council of Child Welfare Boards
MISSION To support a statewide network of
volunteers concerned with the welfare of
children, especially those who are abused
neglected. VISION To lead a cohesive network
of child welfare boards supporting services to
vulnerable children families promoting
prevention of child abuse and neglect so that ALL
children live in a loving, nurturing safe
TCCWB COMMITTEES Education - Keep members
informed on ways to educate their community on
child abuse and neglect, conduct training
sessions for new members, and stay alert for
media items to share with membership.   Advocacy
- Study issues and advocate for adequate
resources and policies for abused and neglected
children, research and analyze problems and
questions, and inform members and community at
large on these issues. This committee has two
subcommittees Urban Issues that explores
problems specific to major metropolitan areas and
Rural Issues that explores problems specific to
rural areas across the state.   Awards - Plan the
annual awards event that spotlights the
volunteers, legislators, staff, foster parents,
and media personnel who have championed issues
for abused and neglected children.   Resource
Development - Research special projects, pursue
grants and other funding sources, and oversees
the specialty plate initiative.
  • Identified in 2008-2012 Strategic Planning
  • To normalize the experience of children in the
    foster care system and to connect them to
  • To assist in connecting with relatives in order
    to create a support network for children in care.
  • To assist youth transitioning out of foster care
    with the support and skills necessary to become
    self-sufficient adults.
  • To educate regional and county boards to more
    effectively carry out their mission and statutory
  • To continue to advocate for the adequate
    resources and policies to provide services for
    abused and neglected children.
  • To increase and diversify funding through grants,
    donations, and other community resources.

Physical Neglect
Medical Neglect
Emotional Abuse
  • Neglectful
  • Supervision

Physical Abuse
Physical injury that results in substantial harm
to the child, or genuine threat of substantial
harm from physical injury to the child
  • Includes but not limited to
  • Pushing Shoving Holding
    Choking Slapping Kicking
    Hitting Hair Pulling Confinement
  • Burning Beating Biting

Emotional Abuse
Mental or emotional injury to a child that
results in an observable and material impairment
in the childs growth, development, or
psychological functioning.
  • Includes but not limited to
  • Name Calling Yelling
  • Insults Threats
  • Isolation Ignoring
  • Constant Criticism Scapegoating
  • Treating in a degrading manner

Failure to provide for a childs basic needs
necessary to sustain the life or health of a
child, excluding failure caused primarily by
financial inability unless relief services have
been offered refused.
Withholding daily needs (food, personal care,
medication, medical attention) Unsanitary
living conditions Abandonment Lack of proper
supervision Lack of clothing Lack of personal
hygiene Lack of heat, running water, electricity
Sexual Abuse
Sexual conduct harmful to a child's mental,
emotional, or physical welfare.
  • Can Include
  • Touching Rape
  • Photographing Videotaping
  • Showing Pornography
  • Calling someone sexual names
  • Making remarks with sexual undertones

The Reality of Sex Offenders
  • Sexual abuse is usually thought out and carefully
    planned by the offender.
  • Most sexual assaults occur in the home of either
    the victim or offender.
  • Most sex offenders are heterosexual men who
    appear to have normal relationships with
  • Most sex offenders are of average intelligence
    and usually not mentally ill.
  • Most offenders look normal and can be of any
    race, social class, physical appearance, or work
    in any occupation.
  • 88 of children are abused by someone they know,
    or to whom they are related.
  • Child abuse occurs in all families. Race and
    socioeconomic status are not factors.

Symptoms of Child Sexual Abuse
  • PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
  • Sexualized Behaviors
  • Behavior Problems
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Fears
  • Nightmares
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Behaviors To Expect
  • Clinging
  • Manipulation
  • Crying
  • Angry
  • Quiet
  • Talkative

CPS Permanency Goals
For overview of 12-month court process
for child abuse and neglect cases see
page 68 of your Resource Manual
Who Must Report?
Any person who suspects that a child has been
abused or neglected by any person must report the
suspected abuse or neglect. Professionals must
report within 48 hours of first suspecting abuse
or neglect.
Pursuant to Chapter 261.101 (a) and 261.103 of
the Texas Family Code
Legal Protection
Reports of child abuse or neglect made in "good
faith" and "without malice" are confidential and
immune from civil liability. The law provides for
immunity from civil or criminal liability for
innocent persons who report even unfounded
suspicions, as long as your report is made in
good faith.

Information Needed in Reporting
  • Each childs name, description, address or some
  • other way to locate
  • Nature of the harm or risk
  • Other persons involved and how to locate them
  • Other family members that may be able to care for
  • child/children

To Report Abuse in Texas, call the STATEWIDE
  • 1-800-252-5400

Questions or Concerns
Contact Your local Community Initiatives
Specialists http//
local.asp Or Texas Council of Child Welfare
Boards http//