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Zephaniah

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Twelfth year of his reign Josiah begins to purge Judah and Jerusalem of idols ... Be patient for the day when He would 'rise up for plunder' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Zephaniah


1
Zephaniah
  • Introduction
  • Ninth book in the list of Minor Prophets

2
Zephaniah
  • Introduction
  • Ninth book in the list of Minor Prophets
  • ProphetZephaniah means - He whom Jehovah has
    hidden

3
Zephaniah
  • Introduction
  • Ninth book in the list of Minor Prophets
  • ProphetZephaniah means - He whom Jehovah has
    hidden
  • Lineage goes back 4 generations to Hezekiah King
    of Judah

4
Zephaniah
  • Introduction
  • Ninth book in the list of Minor Prophets
  • ProphetZephaniah means - He whom Jehovah has
    hidden
  • Lineage goes back 4 generations to Hezekiah King
    of Judah
  • Detailed descriptions of Jerusalem and its
    situation indicate that he lived there 110-13,
    31-4 (this place 14)

5
Zephaniah
  • Introduction
  • Ninth book in the list of Minor Prophets
  • ProphetZephaniah means - He whom Jehovah has
    hidden
  • Lineage goes back 4 generations to Hezekiah King
    of Judah
  • Detailed descriptions of Jerusalem and its
    situation indicate that he lived there 110-13,
    31-4 (this place 14)
  • Prophecy is identified as the word of the Lord
    11

6
Zephaniah
  • Date of Book
  • In the days of Josiah, son of Amon, king of
    Judah who reigned from 640-609 B.C.
  • His prophecy is before the destruction of Ninevah
    in 612 since the event is seen as in the future
    (213-15)
  • Zephaniah refers to widespread Baal worship in
    14-5 which describes the situation before
    Josiah's reforms in 628 (2 Chron. 343-5)
  • Time range would be 635-626

7
Zephaniah
  • Contemporary Prophets
  • Nahum, Habakkuk, Jeremiah

8
Zephaniah
  • Historical Background
  • Josiah is king of Judah 640-609 B.C.
  • Good king
  • Sought God while he was still young (2
    Chron343)

9
Zephaniah
  • Historical Background
  • Josiah is king of Judah 640-609 B.C.
  • Good king
  • Sought God while he was still young (2
    Chron343)
  • Inherited moral and doctrinal decadence from the
    years of his grandfather (Manasseh), and his
    father (Amon) (2 Chron. 331-25 2 Kings 211-26)

10
Zephaniah
  • Historical Background
  • Josiah is king of Judah 640-609 B.C.
  • Good king
  • Sought God while he was still young (2
    Chron343)
  • Inherited moral and doctrinal decadence from the
    years of his grandfather (Manasseh), and his
    father (Amon) (2 Chron. 331-25 2 Kings 211-26)
  • During this time the Babylonians were becoming
    the world power

11
Zephaniah
  • Historical Background
  • Josiah is king of Judah 640-609 B.C.
  • Good king
  • Sought God while he was still young (2
    Chron343)
  • Inherited moral and doctrinal decadence from the
    years of his grandfather (Manasseh), and his
    father (Amon) (2 Chron. 331-25 2 Kings 211-26)
  • During this time the Babylonians were becoming
    the world power
  • Twelfth year of his reign Josiah begins to purge
    Judah and Jerusalem of idols and idol worship (2
    Chron. 343-7)

12
Zephaniah
  • Historical Background
  • Josiah is king of Judah 640-609 B.C.
  • Good king
  • Sought God while he was still young (2
    Chron343)
  • Inherited moral and doctrinal decadence from the
    years of his grandfather (Manasseh), and his
    father (Amon) (2 Chron. 331-25 2 Kings 211-26)
  • During this time the Babylonians were becoming
    the world power
  • Twelfth year of his reign Josiah begins to purge
    Judah and Jerusalem of idols and idol worship (2
    Chron. 343-7)
  • Discovers book of Law and re-establishes true
    worship and the keeping of the Passover (2 Chron.
    34 35)

13
Zephaniah
  • Theme of the Book of Zephaniah
  • The approaching day of the Lord 17, 14 22

14
Zephaniah
  • Theme of the Book of Zephaniah
  • The approaching day of the Lord 17, 14 22
  • Day of impending judgment upon Judah 12-23
  • Complete judgment is about to come

15
Zephaniah
  • Theme of the Book of Zephaniah
  • The approaching day of the Lord 17, 14 22
  • Day of impending judgment upon Judah 12-23
  • Complete judgment is about to come
  • Also involves divine judgment on other nations,
    along with Jerusalem 24-37

16
Zephaniah
  • Theme of the Book of Zephaniah
  • The approaching day of the Lord 17, 14 22
  • Day of impending judgment upon Judah 12-23
  • Complete judgment is about to come
  • Also involves divine judgment on other nations,
    along with Jerusalem 24-37
  • This same day will also be a day of hope for
    those who repent and are a faithful remnant 38-20

17
Zephaniah
  • Comprised of Three Chapters
  • Can be divided into two sections

18
Zephaniah
  • Comprised of Three Chapters
  • Can be divided into two sections
  • Judgment (11 - 39)

19
Zephaniah
  • Comprised of Three Chapters
  • Can be divided into two sections
  • Judgment (11 - 39)
  • Salvation (39 - 320)

20
Zephaniah
  • Judgment - The Great Day of the Lord
  • 12 I will utterly consume all things from the
    face of the land
  • 14-5 Cut Off (annihilated) Baal, idolatrous
    priests, worshipers of false gods
  • 16 Cut Off the apostates (those who turned
    back from following Him
  • 17-9 Punish the royal house
  • 110-11 mourning and wailing from all sections
    (Fish Gate, Second Quarter, Maktesh
  • 113 Their goods and houses will be taken and
    destroyed
  • 114 Time is near and will be a bitter time for
    the wicked

21
Zephaniah
  • Judgment - The Great Day of the Lord
  • 12 I will utterly consume all things from the
    face of the land
  • 115-16 Described as day of wrath, trouble,
    distress, devastation, desolation, darkness,
    gloominess, clouds, thick darkness, and trumpet
    and alarm against fortified cities and hightowers
  • 117 Reason for this destruction
  • Because they have sinned against the Lord

22
Zephaniah
  • Judgment - The Great Day of the Lord
  • 12 I will utterly consume all things from the
    face of the land
  • 115-16 Described as day of wrath, trouble,
    distress, devastation, desolation, darkness,
    gloominess, clouds, thick darkness, and trumpet
    and alarm against fortified cities and hightowers
  • 117 Reason for this destruction
  • Because they have sinned against the Lord
  • 118 Wealth and Power will not protect the Lord
    will devour the land and its inhabitants by the
    fire of His jealousy

23
Zephaniah
  • 21-3 Repent Before the coming day of the Lord
  • 21-2 Gather Together - the Lord's fierce anger
  • Seek the Lord, seek righteousness and humility
  • 23 Hope that they will be hidden in the day of
    God's anger and be spared the punishment of the
    wicked

24
Zephaniah
  • 24-15 Judgment on the nations that surround
    Judah
  • 24-5 Philistia (West)
  • Gath, Ashkelon, Ashdod, and Ekron
  • 28-9 Moab and Ammon (East)
  • will be destroyed, like Sodom and Gomorah 28-9
  • 212 Ethiopians (South)
  • slain by the sword
  • 213 Assyria and it's capital Ninevah (North)
  • will be destroyed (612 BC)

25
Zephaniah
  • 31-7 Woe to her (Jerusalem)
  • 31 A polluted, and oppressive city
  • 32 - 4 nots of Jerusalem
  • Did not obey the Lord's voice
  • Did not receive correction
  • Did not trust in the Lord
  • Did not draw near to God
  • 33-4 Princes, judges, prophets and priests are
    wicked
  • Consume the people
  • Act arrogantly
  • Show disregard for the temple and God's law
  • 36-7 Rose early (were eager) and corrupted all
    their deeds

26
Zephaniah
  • 38-13 God to His people Wait for Me
  • Be patient for the day when He would rise up for
    plunder
  • 39 He will restore a pure language
  • 310-11 God will gather His worshipers
  • 312 What will be left will be meek and humble
    who trust in the name of the Lord
  • 313 This remnant of Israel will not practice
    sin, but be faithful and find comfort, safety and
    peace.
  • Promise first fulfilled in the return of the
    faithful from Babylonian captivity (Jer 2910-14
    303 18-22 317-9)

27
Zephaniah
  • Ultimate fulfillment in Christ, who will
    establish Spiritual Israel the church, a
    remnant according the election of grace (Rom
    115 Gal. 616)
  • Final remnant will include Jew and Gentile
  • 314-20 Rejoice in the Lord
  • 315 He has cast out evil and His people will see
    disaster no more
  • 318-19 God will gather those who sorrow while He
    punishes the afflicters.
  • God makes these promises certain when He finishes
    the chapter with Says the Lord

28
Zephaniah
  • These blessings and salvation ultimately point
    forward to the blessings we have in Christ the
    King of Israel (Matt. 123, John 149)
  • The blessings which were promised to Israel are
    multiplied under the new covenant for Christ's
    Spiritual Israel called out of the captivity
    of sin into the salvation of God and the hope of
    eternal life.

29
Zephaniah
  • Extras
  • This outline (God's people indicted with sin, and
    called to repent, judgment on the Nations and
    vision of future glory) is similar to the
    outlines of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel
  • The reference to the Lord's jealousy indicates
    His anger at Judah's idolatry (14-5) He warns
    Israel He is a jealous God and to have no other
    gods before him (Exodus 204-5 Nahum 12)
  • Woe is a recurring theme throughout the Minor
    Prophets, usually to declare the coming
    destruction of God's judgment upon a nation or
    city (Hos713 Amos 518 Mic. 21 Nah 31, Hab.
    26-19)

30
Zephaniah
  • Extras
  • Wait on the Lord is a common theme in the
    prophets (Psalms 3320 Isa. 817 3018 4031
    4923 Lam. 325-26 Hos 126 Mic 77 Hab 23)
  • The Lord being in the midst is a theme here in
    Zephaniah and Zechariah
  • In the New Testament, God dwells among His people
    in the church (I Cor. 316-17) and in Heaven God
    will dwell with His saved ones for eternity (Rev.
    213)

31
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 1. What does the name Zephaniah mean?

32
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 1. What does the name Zephaniah mean?
  • He whom Jehovah has hidden

33
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 2. During what kings reign does Zephaniah
    prophecy?

34
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 2. During what kings reign does Zephaniah
    prophecy?
  • Josiah

35
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 3. What is the approximate time period of this
    prophecy?

36
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 3. What is the approximate time period of this
    prophecy?
  • 635-626

37
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 4. What is the theme of Zephaniah?

38
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 4. What is the theme of Zephaniah?
  • The approaching day of the Lord

39
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 5. What does the book immediately begin to
    describe?

40
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 5. What does the book immediately begin to
    describe?
  • Complete destruction that is about to come.

41
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 6. What are the inhabitants to do before it is
    too late?

42
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 6. What are the inhabitants to do before it is
    too late?
  • Repent

43
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 7. What four reasons are given for Jerusalem's
    sinfulness?

44
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 7. What four reasons are given for Jerusalem's
    sinfulness?
  • Did not obey the Lord's voice

45
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 7. What four reasons are given for Jerusalem's
    sinfulness?
  • Did not obey the Lord's voice
  • Did not receive correction

46
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 7. What four reasons are given for Jerusalem's
    sinfulness?
  • Did not obey the Lord's voice
  • Did not receive correction
  • Did not trust in the Lord

47
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 7. What four reasons are given for Jerusalem's
    sinfulness?
  • Did not obey the Lord's voice
  • Did not receive correction
  • Did not trust in the Lord
  • Did not draw near to God

48
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 8. Who will God keep safe as he destroys evil?

49
Zephaniah
  • Questions
  • 8. Who will God keep safe as he destroys evil?
  • Meek and humble people, who trust in the Lord A
    remnant

50
Zephaniah
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