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Physical activity and inactivity in the Danish population

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best describes your spare time activities? ... during spare time and work, during each day of the. past week? ... Start with yesterday and take one day at a time. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Physical activity and inactivity in the Danish population


1
_______________
  • Physical activity and inactivity in the Danish
    population
  • Marit Eika Jørgensen
  • MD, PhD.
  • National Institute of Public Health

2
www.ipaq.ki.se/
3
Leisure time physical activity
  • If we look back on the past year, what would you
    say
  • best describes your spare time activities?
  • 1. Heavy training and competitive sports
    regularly and several times a week
  • 2. Exercise or heavy gardening at least 4 hours
    a week
  • 3. Walk, bike or other easy exercise at least 4
    hours a week (include Sunday excursions, light
    gardening and biking/walking to work)
  • 4. Read, watch TV or other sedentary occupation

4
Physical activity at work
  • How would you describe the physical strain of
    your chief occupation?
  • 1 Mainly sedentary work which doesnt demand any
    physical effort
  • 2 Work which to a great extent is performed
    standing or walking but apart from that doesnt
    demand any physical effort
  • 3 Standing or walking work with many lifts or
    much carrying
  • 4 Heavy or speedy work which is strenuous

5
The Health and Morbidity Survey (SUSY)
  • SUSY is a nationwide questionnaire survey of
    randomly sampled adult Danes
  • Carried out in 1987, 1994, 2000, and 2003.
  • the purpose is to describe the prevalence and
    distribution of health and morbidity of the
    population including prevalence and distribution
    of illness, morbidity and functional disability,
    prevalence and distribution of factors
    influencing the health conditions, e.g. health
    behaviour and health habits, life style, health
    risks at work and in the environment, together
    with health resources
  • The Health and Morbidity Survey 2000
  • 22,486 individuals
  • response rate of 74.2

Davidsen M, Kjøller M Statistics in transition
20025(6)927-42. 
6
Leisure time physical activity
7
Sedentary leisure activities according to gender
and age

Years
8
Moderate to high physical activity in leisure
time according to gender and age

Years
9
The health and morbidity study also found that
  • Sedentary lifestyle was associated with
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Low education
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Poor self-perceived health
  • Long-standing illness
  • Physical immobility
  • Frequent use of health services
  • 63.8 of the population have a positive attitude
    towards the significance of their own efforts in
    maintaining or improving their health
  • 65.8 reported physical acitivty as a thing they
    do to improve or maintain good health

10
Moderate to high leisure time physical activity
time trends

MEN

Years
11
Moderate to high leisure time physical activity
time trends

WOMEN

Years
12
Sedentary leisure time physical activity time
trends

MEN

Years
13
Sedentary leisure time physical activity time
trends
  • WOMEN


Years
14
Physical activity at work
15
Sedentary work according to gender and age

Years
16
Physically demanding work according to gender
and age

Years
17
Sedentary work time trends

MEN

Years
18
Sedentary work time trends
  • WOMEN


Years
19
Current recommendations
  • Adults should engage in moderate-intensity
    physical activities for at least 30 minutes every
    day

20
Current recommendations
  • How many minutes were you physically active
    during spare
  • time and work, during each day of the past week?
  • Include only physical activity, where you became
    a little or very out of breath.
  • Start with yesterday and take one day at a time.
    (e.g. cycling to and from work,
  • brisk walk, sports, physically strenuous work or
    garden work)
  • a. Monday .......................................
    ...........................min.
  • b. Tuesday ......................................
    ...........................min.
  • c. Wednesday ....................................
    ........................min.
  • d. Thursday .....................................
    ...........................min.
  • e. Friday .......................................
    ..............................min.
  • f. Saturday .....................................
    .............................min.
  • g. Sunday .......................................
    ............................min.

21
Current recommendations
  • How many minutes were you physically active
  • during spare time and work, during each day of
    the
  • past week?
  • Include only physical activity, where you became
    a little or very out of breath. Start with
    yesterday and take one day at a time. (e.g.
    cycling to and from work, brisk walk, sports,
    physically strenuous work or garden work)
    (Question number 42)
  • .your breathing became heavier (Question
    number 42)
  • .you exerted yourself a little or a lot
    (Question number 165)
  • .your breathing became heavier (Question
    number 166)

22
Current recommendations
  • Physical activity questions. Question number
    in questionnaire.

23
Minutes spent on moderate physical activity,
average per day
24
Compliance with the recommendations
25
Compliance with the recommendations
  • MEN

26
Compliance with the recommendations
  • WOMEN

27
Compliance with the recommendations
Days
28
Conclusions
  • 16 of the population have sedentary physically
    active leisure time, especially elderly peole are
    physically inactive
  • Men have higher leisure time activity level than
    women
  • Physical activity level in leisure time has
    increased significantly over time among both men
    and women
  • Sedentary work is the most common way of working
    among both men and women

29
Conclusions
  • There is lack of knowledge about the current
    recommendation about physical activity in the
    Danish population
  • Efforts should be done to develop and validate a
    physical activity questionnaire suitable for
    surveillance purposes
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