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Political Science 102: Introduction to Political Science

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... in society. 1. power and culture: b. Functions of culture. 1. ... V. Political Power & Culture: B. Power in society. 2. power and class: a. Stratification ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Science 102: Introduction to Political Science


1
V. Political Power Culture
A. Power capacity to affect the conduct of
individuals through the real or threatened use of
rewards and punishments
1. elites and masses 2. institutional power 3.
C. Wright Mills The Power Elite a. higher
circles 1. economic 2. political 3.
military
2
V. Political Power Culture
A. Power capacity to affect the conduct of
individuals through the real of threatened use of
rewards and punishments
3. C. Wright Mills The Power Elite b. chief
executives (corporations) 1. BIG Three / Five,
etc. 2. individual industrial identity 3.
corporate interconnections
3
V. Political Power Culture
A. Power capacity to affect the conduct of
individuals through the real of threatened use of
rewards and punishments
3. C. Wright Mills The Power Elite c.
warlords 1. end of WWII 2. destruction of
individual values 3. hierarchy
4
V. Political Power Culture
A. Power capacity to affect the conduct of
individuals through the real of threatened use of
rewards and punishments
3. C. Wright Mills The Power Elite d.
military ascendancy 1. technology as national
security 2. autonomy
5
V. Political Power Culture
B. Power in society
1. power and culture
a. Components of culture 1. symbols 2.
beliefs 3. religion 4. values norms
6
V. Political Power Culture
B. Power in society
1. power and culture
b. Functions of culture 1. functionalism 2.
cultural relativity
7
V. Political Power Culture
B. Power in society
2. power and class
a. Stratification results in
inequality 1. deference 2. lifestyle 3.
wealth 4. power
8
V. Political Power Culture
B. Power in society
2. power and class
b. Self-classification 1. subjective
self-classification 2. reputational
prestige 3. objective classifications 4. race
ethnicity
9
V. Political Power Culture
B. Power in society
2. power and class
c. Why classes? 1. functional theory 2.
conflict theory
10
V. Political Power Culture
C. Power in personal economics
1. class personal economics
a. rising income inequality 1. manufacturing
vs. service 2. double-incomes 3. shift in family
leadership 4. global competition b. inequality
of wealth top 1 own 40 c. equality of
opportunity vs. results
11
V. Political Power Culture
C. Power in personal economics
2. personal economics social mobility
a. white vs. blue collar b. shrinking middle
class (deindustrialization) c. education
12
V. Political Power Culture
C. Power in personal economics
3. personal economic class lifestyle
a. upper b. middle c. working d. lower class
13
V. Political Power Culture
D. Power social problems
1. ideological conflict a. ideology as
justification legitimization b. impacts social
individual behavior
14
V. Political Power Culture
D. Power social problems
2. racial gender inequality a. those in power
hold legal authority b. majority rule vs.
minority rights
15
V. Political Power Culture
D. Power social problems
3. poverty power a. culture of poverty b.
promotes powerlessness a sociological condition
of hopelessness, indifference, distrust
cynicism.
16
V. Political Power Culture
D. Power social problems
4. crime violence a. personal freedoms vs.
social order b. inherent conflict for democratic
systems c. inequality of justice systems
17
V. Political Power Culture
E. Political Culture as an idea
1. culture ideas and customs shard by a given
people in a given period of time 2. political
culture set of widely shared attitudes, beliefs,
and values that permit the polity to understand
and interpret their relationships with political
institutions and processes. 3. civic culture how
citizens combine a commitment to moderate
political participation with a belief in the
legitimacy of officialdom and a tendency to
parochialism.
18
V. Political Power Culture
F. Sub-nationalism
1. definition/description when a group within a
polity feel separated from their compatriots
because of variations in individual identity. 2.
Variables promoting sub-nationalism a.
ethnicity race b. religion c. class d.
gender age e. region f. language
19
V. Political Power Culture
F. Sub-nationalism
3. Sub-nationalism a. highly subjective b.
develop in response to needs c. often
reactionary (fear of loss of standing)
20
V. Political Power Culture
G. Political socialization
1. Means by which we acquire our our political
opinions, beliefs, and values.
a. What is your earliest political memory? b.
Was politics a subject of discussion in your home
when you were a child? Who talked about it?
Directly to you? Interested or apathetic? c.
Did the adults in your family vote? Did they
tell you how they voted? d. Was anyone in your
family actively involved in politics? In what
role? e. Do you know the words to the national
anthem? The pledge? How did you learn them? f.
What were the subject of history politics you
were taught in elementary school? High school?
21
V. Political Power Culture
G. Political socialization
1. Means by which we acquire our our political
opinions, beliefs, and values.
g. When did you get into your first political
discussion? How did you feel about it? Who was
the discussion with? h. Do you watch the news on
television? Was the news on at night when you
were growing up? Did adults in your family
explain events and answer questions? i. Do you
pay attention to political campaigns? What makes
one candidate better than another? How do you
make these assessments?
22
V. Political Power Culture
G. Political socialization
2. Agents of socialization a. Family b.
School c. Peers d. Media e. events
23
V. Political Power Culture
G. Political socialization
3. variation in socialization a. age b.
race c. gender d. income e. region of the
country
24
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