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Social Science: Implementation and Management of a National Initiative the example of the UK Data Ar

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Social Science: ... This includes strategic social science and economic datasets e.g. unemployment ... ASSDA, Australian Social Science Data Archive, Canberra ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Science: Implementation and Management of a National Initiative the example of the UK Data Ar


1
Social Science Implementation and Management of
a National Initiative- the example of the UK Data
Archive
  • Prof K. Schürer
  • Director, UK Data Archive
  • President, CESSDA
  • Project Co-ordinator, EC FP7/ESFRI PPP
  • 1st African Digital Curation Conference
  • Pretoria, 12-13 February, 2008

2
UKDA history overview
  • Archive established in 1968 (as Data Bank)
  • Funded by (then) SSRC to provide a service to UK
    HE sector
  • Initial focus on government survey data
  • New distributed service established 1 Jan. 2003
  • Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS)
  • Mixed data types and formats
  • Specialist Qualidata unit and History Data
    Service
  • Still predominately funded to provide service for
    HE/FE sectors
  • ESRC, JISC, University of Essex
  • Project funding (EC, JISC, MRC, AHRC, etc.)
  • Since 2005 designated as Place of Deposit by
    TNA
  • C.60 staff mixture of staff expertise/skills

3
UKDA now runs a family of services
  • ESDS
  • Census Programme Registration Service and Portal
  • History Data Service
  • HistPop
  • Rural Environment and Land Use Data Support
    Service
  • Nesstar Support Service
  • Plus RD projects
  • SToRE
  • DeXT
  • CESSDA-PPP …

4
Specialist data services
  • ESDS Government
  • ESDS International
  • ESDS Longitudinal
  • ESDS Qualidata
  • Greater emphasis on
  • value-added data and documentation
  • enhanced resource discovery
  • improved delivery services
  • support and training for the secondary use of
    data for research, learning and teaching
  • outreach and promotion

5
Data RIs can work
  • 5,000 datasets in the collection
  • 250 new datasets are added each year (and new
    versions)
  • C.50,000 orders for data per year
  • C. 115,000 online sessions
  • C. 48,000 registered users
  • C. 17,000,000 page hits and C. 950,000 pdf
    downloads last year
  • Gateway to other collections (CESSDA, ICPSR)

6
Who produces social science data?
  • Government agencies
  • HE/FE sector
  • Private sector
  • Within HE/FE not just ESRC funded
  • MRC, NERC, AHRC, Wellcome, Leverhulme, Rowntree
  • Increasing number of large digitisation projects
  • JISC, NOF
  • Increasing tendency for government agencies to
    contract out survey work to private sector
    (NatCen)
  • University sector tend not to get Government
    contracts
  • Devolution
  • Local Government

7
Types of data
  • Quant and Quali
  • Surveys
  • Censuses
  • Administrative data
  • Also increasing amounts of non-survey type data
  • Images
  • Sound
  • Video
  • Mixed media

8
Selection guided by use users
  • UKDA seeks to identify and acquire material
    within broad areas
  • Discipline coverage at the broadest level, data
    and other electronic resources relating to
    society, in particular data about individuals or
    groups of individuals. This includes strategic
    social science and economic datasets e.g.
    unemployment statistics, major household surveys.
  • Geographic coverage data across a broad
    geographic coverage focusing on the United
    Kingdom and cross-national datasets but including
    material from other countries where appropriate
    and in particular where these provide
    opportunities for comparative research e.g.
    European data.
  • Temporal coverage there are no restrictions on
    temporal coverage, although pre-1945 accessions
    are acquired through History Data Service.
  • Time series and panel data data are sought which
    create or add to a time series and/or panel
    survey.
  • Thematic coverage to create a coherent body of
    materials relating to a particular discipline or
    field of enquiry e.g. health.

9
But do you need to keep everything?
  • Curation needs to be informed by selection and
    appraisal
  • Resource allocation
  • Rights issues / technical issues
  • Short term vs long term
  • Aggregative value
  • Need to estimate what are the costs of NOT
    preserving something

10
ESRC award holders
  • Have been required to offer data for
    access/curation for over 20 years (more recent
    MRC)
  • Some reluctance
  • Need to work with carrots and sticks
  • Move to data management life-cycle approach
  • Move to self-archiving

11
Preservation in outline
  • Standard directory structure for complete dataset
  • Everything in one place
  • Consistent structure makes precisely locating
    information easy
  • Makes caching of specific information types
    simple
  • Allows future migration to other systems and
    formats easier
  • Data and documentation stored in portable format
  • Ability to freely and intelligently read on many
    platforms
  • Easier conversion to required format
  • Easier migration to new portable format

12
  • Study Number

Note and Read files

Data format files (SPSS exp, SAS, SIR)
Original deposited format
mrdoc

Machine readable document files (pdf, word, ascii)
Processing information and control files
13
Media
  • Paper based
  • Punched card, paper tape or manuscripts
  • Magnetic
  • Various reel to reel and cartridge based (QIC)
  • Optical
  • e.g WORM, CDROM
  • Storage environment, age and quality of original
    material
  • Rescue methods and services

14
Multi-copies, multi-formats, multi-media,
multi-places
  • Two copies on separate media in main system
  • Up to 10 different versions of each individual
    file in the shadow area
  • Read only CD-ROM copy with error checking
  • Complete off-site near-line copy of all data with
    a high level security protection
  • Tape monitoring and refresh strategy
  • Front end copy to reduce load on main system

15
Standards Security
  • BS7799 - Information security
  • Machine room conforms to main fire and
    environmental control standards
  • Conforms to BS5588 parts 3 and 9, BS5839 parts 1,
    2 and 3, BS5306 part 4 and BS7083
  • Conformity to BS6266, BS4783 parts 4, 5 and 7
  • BS5454 store room

16
But curation and long-term preservation should
not (cannot?) happen in isolation
17
Challenges
  • Legal issues
  • Move toward greater openness and transparency
  • Freedom of Information Act, 2000
  • Yet greater concerns with confidentiality (Data
    Protection Act, 1994)
  • Statistics Act (approved researcher status)
  • Data issues
  • Confidentiality secure data service
  • Ethical issues (RECs)
  • grey data/publications (research outputs)

18
Challenges 2
  • Technical issues
  • e-Science and data grid
  • Institutional repositories
  • Self-archiving (UKDA-Store)
  • Facebook/google generation
  • Political issues
  • RCUK, OECD statements on research outputs
  • Resource issues
  • Who pays?

19
General Aims of the CESSDA Research
Infrastructure PPP
  • The focus of this project will be a major
    upgrade of the CESSDA RI to ensure that European
    Social Science and Humanities (SSH) researchers
    have access to, and gain support for, data
    resources they require to conduct research of the
    highest quality, irrespective of the location of
    either researcher or data within the European
    Research Area (ERA).
  • The project will also improve the CESSDA RI so
    that member organisations are able to transcend
    the limitations of their national resources
    through the creation of a common platform,
    mission and stronger form of integration in which
    expertise is genuinely pooled, shared and applied
    in a co-ordinated pan-European experience.
  • This project will facilitate the delivery of a
    fully-integrated data archive infrastructure for
    the SSH, allowing seamless, permanent access to
    as many data holdings across Europe as possible.

20
Current Project Partners ADP, Slovenia ADPSS.
Italy CIS, Spain CNRS-RQ, Spain DANS,
Netherlands DDA, Denmark DISC, Sweden EKKE,
Greece FORS, Switzerland FSD, Finland GESIS,
Germany NSD, Norway RODA, Romania SDA, Czech
Republic TARKI, Hungary UK Data Archive, United
Kingdom WISDOM, Austria Other CESSDA
members CEPS/INSTEAD, Luxembourg ESSDA,
Estonia ISSDA, Ireland Belgium Portugal
Map showing countries which are CESSDA members
21
Associated Partners
  • Europe
  • LSZDA (Latvian Databank of Social Sciences)
  • Academy of Sciences, RigaDBSR (Bank of Social
    Data)
  • Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences
    Russian Sociological Data Archive,
  • Social Science Data Archive at REGLO Slovak
    Archive of Social Data
  • Archive of the Institute for Sociology at the
    Slovak Academy of Sciences
  • Archive of Sociological Data, Warsaw
  • Rudjer Boskovic Institute, University of Zagreb
  • University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Institute of Sociology of the National Academy
    of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University,
    Ukraine
  • KIIS (Kiev International Institute of
    Sociology), Databank
  • CPIJM, Centre for Political Studies and Public
    Opinion Research,
  • University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius,
  • North America
  • ICPSR, Inter-university Consortium for
    Political and Social Research, Michigan, USA
  • SSHRC, Canada
  • Australia
  • ASSDA, Australian Social Science Data Archive,
    Canberra

22
Work Package Descriptions and their Beneficiaries
  • WP1 Management and Co-ordination (UKDA)
  • WP2 Dissemination Management (UKDA)
  • WP3 Defining the Strategic, Financial,
    Governance and Legal Framework (UKDA)
  • WP4 Controlled Vocabularies (FSD)

23
Work Package Descriptions and their Beneficiaries
  • WP5 Developing the CESSDA RI one-stop-shop
    Portal (NSD)
  • WP6 Strengthening the CESSDA RI (RODA)
  • WP7 Widening the CESSDA RI (GESIS)
  • WP8 Enhancement of data and metadata
    infrastructures for the CESSDA RI (GESIS)

24
Work Package Descriptions and their Beneficiaries
  • WP9 Deepening the CESSDA RI by building an
    infrastructure for content harmonisation and
    conversion (GESIS)
  • WP10 Data collection, dissemination and access
    issues (CNRS-RQ)
  • WP11 Investigating the potential of grid
    technologies (UKDA)
  • WP12 Technical Support for the Preparatory Phase
    (NSD)

25
(No Transcript)
26
Thank you
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