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The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation

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... of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my ... A. In remembrance (Luke 22: 19). B. With anticipation (I Cor. 11: 26) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation


1
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • The Lords Supper is the greatest memorial ever
    given to man. It is a celebration of the death
    of the sinless Son of God and the declared
    anticipation of His return.

2
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • 26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread,
    and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the
    disciples, and said, Take, eat this is my body.
  • 27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and
    gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it
  • 28 For this is my blood of the new testament,
    which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
  • 29 But I say unto you, I will not drink
    henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that
    day when I drink it new with you in my Father's
    kingdom (Matt. 26).

3
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Brief biblical facts
  • Instituted by Jesus (Matt. 26 26-30).
  • 2. Observance set forth (I Cor. 11 23-26).
  • A. In remembrance (Luke 22 19).
  • B. With anticipation (I Cor. 11 26).
  • C. Self-examination (I Cor. 11 28).
  • D. Worthily (I Cor. 11 27).
  • 3. Place and time (Luke 22 29, 30 Acts 20 7).

4
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Brief biblical facts
  • Purpose
  • A. Declare Jesus death (I Cor. 11 26).
  • B. Keep alive spiritually (I Cor. 11 29, 30).
  • C. Keep Christ in memory.

5
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Division regarding the Lords Supper.
  • It is regrettable that there is division over
    Jesus
  • Memorial.
  • 1. Division over frequency of observance.
  • 2. Division over cup versus cups.
  • 3.Division over open and closed.
  • 4. Division over fermented/unfermented juice.
  • 5. Division regarding transubstantiation and
  • Consubstantiation.

6
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Transubstantiation defined
  • the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole
    substance of the bread and the wine changes into
    the substance of the body and blood of Christ
    when consecrated in the Eucharist.

7
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Jesus did say
  • 26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread,
  • and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the
  • disciples, and said, Take, eat this is my body.
    27
  • And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it
  • to them, saying, Drink ye all of it 28 For this
    is my
  • blood of the new testament, which is shed for
  • many for the remission of sins (Matt. 26).

8
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • A viewed supporting text
  • 53 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I
  • say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son
  • of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in
  • You (John 6, see vs. 27-58).

9
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • The consumption of blood forbidden.
  • 19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we Trouble
  • not them, which from among the Gentiles are
  • turned to God 20 But that we write unto them,
  • that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and
  • from fornication, and from things strangled, and
  • from blood (Acts 15).

10
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Is there a contradiction between Matthew 26
  • 28 and Acts 15 29?
  • Consider
  • 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons,
  • the one by a bondmaid, the other by a
  • freewoman.25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in
  • Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is,
  • and is in bondage with her children (Gal. 4).

11
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Jesus told them to eat of his body and
  • drink of his blood when he was physically
  • standing before them (Matt. 26 26-29).
  • As they partook, he did not physically
  • diminish!
  • Metonymy The use of the name of one
  • object or concept for that of another to
  • which it is related, or of which it is a part
  • (RHCD).

Matt. 26 29
Cp. I Cor. 15 50
12
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • The Metaphor. Webster says of it A short
    similitude
  • a similitude reduced to a single word or a word
  • expressing similitude with the signs of
    comparison. Thus,
  • that man is a fox, is a metaphor but that man is
    like a
  • fox, is a simile, similitude, or comparison
    (Luke 13 32,
  • dm). When the Saviour gave the institution of
    the
  • supper, He did it in the most beautiful of
    metaphorical
  • language (Matt. 26 26-28).Paul presents this
    thought
  • without the use of the metaphor (I Cor. 10
    16).But in
  • 11 23-25 he employs the same figure that the
    Lord did in
  • Instituting it....

13
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • To say this is the communion of the body and
    blood of
  • Christ, is metonymy of the agent to say that
    these are
  • like the body and blood, would be a simile, but
    the
  • beauty and strength would have been removed in
    that
  • way hence the Master chose the form of the
    metaphor
  • as the most expressive (Hermeneutics, pg.
    252-254,
  • by D. R. Dungan).

14
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Agar stood for Mount Sinai in Arabia (Gal.
  • 4 25, see vs. 21-31). After a similar
  • fashion, the unleavened bread and the fruit
  • of the vine stand for Jesus body and blood.
  • The properties of the unleavened bread are
  • indicative of purity and lack of corruption.
  • The blood of the grape is the life of the
  • grape and is pure and also without leaven
  • or fermentation. Hence, perfect
  • representation.

15
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Transubstantiation, its origin
  • The formal belief of transubstantiation (when
  • term used) appeared in the twelfth century and
  • was initially associated with Hildebert.

16
The Lords Supper and Transubstantiation
  • Conclusion
  • The unleavened bread and the fruit of the vine
  • appropriately stand for the body and blood of
  • Jesus. As the Christian partakes of each
  • emblem, he is reminded of Jesus death. To
  • make any more of the elements is to add to the
  • teaching and introduce irreconcilable doctrinal
  • conflicts between such verses as Matthew 26
  • 27, 28 and Acts 15 29.
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