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2 Samuel 22

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'When the waves of death compassed me ' Though ... must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and ... More Rejoicing of Victory ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2 Samuel 22


1
2 Samuel 22
2
2 Samuel 22A Song or a Psalm
3
A Song or a Psalm?
  • (2 Sam 221 NKJV) Then David spoke to the LORD
    the words of this song, on the day when the LORD
    had delivered him from the hand of all his
    enemies, and from the hand of Saul.

4
A Song or a Psalm?
  • This song, which is found with scarcely any
    material variation as Ps. 18, and with the words
    of this first verse for its title, belongs to the
    early part of Davids reign when he was recently
    established upon the throne of all Israel, and
    when his final triumph over the house of Saul,
    and over the pagan nations 2Sa_2244-46,
    Philistines, Moabites, Syrians, Ammonites, and
    Edomites, was still fresh 2 Sam. 21. -- Albert
    Barnes

5
A Song or a Psalm?
  • (2 Sam 221 NKJV) Then David spoke to the LORD
    the words of this song, on the day when the LORD
    had delivered him from the hand of all his
    enemies, and from the hand of Saul.
  • (Psa 181 NKJV) I will love You, O LORD, my
    strength.
  • This verse doesnt match well, but there are many
    similarities. In the chapter

6
They are very smiliar
  • (2 Sam 222 NKJV) And he said "The LORD is my
    rock and my fortress and my deliverer
  • (Psa 182 NKJV) The LORD is my rock and my
    fortress and my deliverer My God, my strength,
    in whom I will trust My shield and the horn of
    my salvation, my stronghold.

7
Verses do not match exactly, but many of the
thoughts do match.
  • (2 Sam 223 NKJV) The God of my strength, in
    whom I will trust My shield and the horn of my
    salvation, My stronghold and my refuge My
    Savior, You save me from violence.
  • (Psa 182 NKJV) The LORD is my rock and my
    fortress and my deliverer My God, my strength,
    in whom I will trust My shield and the horn of
    my salvation, my stronghold.

8
What about the Psalms?
  • Some of them are in books of the Bible, other
    than the Psalms.
  • One thing that makes them special is Davids
    diligence at expressing his profound thankfulness
    to God.
  • He gives so many details of his thanks and his
    feelings.
  • He says things we can identify with

9
The God of my strength
  • (2 Sam 223 NKJV) The God of my strength, in
    whom I will trust My shield and the horn of my
    salvation, My stronghold and my refuge My
    Savior, You save me from violence.

10
Made into a Song we Sing
  • (2 Sam 224 NKJV) I will call upon the LORD, who
    is worthy to be praised So shall I be saved from
    my enemies.

11
The floods of ungodliness
  • (2 Sam 225 NKJV) 'When the waves of death
    surrounded me, The floods of ungodliness made me
    afraid.

12
Comment on 2 Samuel 225
  • When the waves of death compassed me Though
    in a primary sense many of these things belong to
    David, yet generally and fully they belong to the
    Messiah alone. -- Adam Clarke

13
Jesus said the Psalms spoke of Him
  • (Luke 2444 NKJV) Then He said to them, "These
    are the words which I spoke to you while I was
    still with you, that all things must be fulfilled
    which were written in the Law of Moses and the
    Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me."

14
David or Christ?
  • (2 Sam 226 NKJV) The sorrows of Sheol
    surrounded me The snares of death confronted me.

15
To Whom is the Prophet referring?
  • (Acts 834 NKJV) So the eunuch answered Philip
    and said, "I ask you, of whom does the prophet
    say this, of himself or of some other man?"

16
David was delivered from his enemies
  • (2 Sam 227 NKJV) In my distress I called upon
    the LORD, And cried out to my God He heard my
    voice from His temple, And my cry entered His
    ears.

17
Is this Christ or David?
  • (2 Sam 228 NKJV) "Then the earth shook and
    trembled The foundations of heaven quaked and
    were shaken, Because He was angry.

18
Is this about Christ?
  • (Mat 2751-54 NKJV) Then, behold, the veil of
    the temple was torn in two from top to bottom
    and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, .
    . . 54 So when the centurion and those with
    him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake
    and the things that had happened, they feared
    greatly, saying, "Truly this was the Son of God!"

19
Or is it about David?
  • Then the earth shook and trembled - In this
    and the following verses David describes, by the
    sublimest expressions and grandest terms, the
    majesty of God, and the awful manner in which he
    came to his assistance. The representation of the
    storm in these verses must be allowed by all
    skillful and impartial judges to be truly sublime
    and noble, and in the genuine spirit of poetry.
    -- Adam Clarke

20
Gods Anger
  • (2 Sam 229 NKJV) Smoke went up from His
    nostrils, And devouring fire from His mouth
    Coals were kindled by it.

21
Is this Prophecy?
  • (2 Sam 2210 NKJV) He bowed the heavens also,
    and came down With darkness under His feet.
  • (Mat 2745 NKJV) Now from the sixth hour until
    the ninth hour there was darkness over all the
    land.

22
Is the Simply Poetic Beauty
  • (2 Sam 2211 NKJV) He rode upon a cherub, and
    flew And He was seen upon the wings of the wind.

23
Is this from Sinai?
  • (2 Sam 2212 NKJV) He made darkness canopies
    around Him, Dark waters and thick clouds of the
    skies.
  • (Exo 2020-21 NKJV) And Moses said to the
    people, "Do not fear for God has come to test
    you, and that His fear may be before you, so that
    you may not sin." 21 So the people stood afar
    off, but Moses drew near the thick darkness where
    God was.

24
Is this just Poetic Praise?
  • (2 Sam 2213 NKJV) From the brightness before
    Him Coals of fire were kindled.

25
The Thunder
  • (2 Sam 2214 NKJV) "The LORD thundered from
    heaven, And the Most High uttered His voice.
  • (Exo 1916 NKJV) Then it came to pass on the
    third day, in the morning, that there were
    thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on
    the mountain and the sound of the trumpet was
    very loud, so that all the people who were in the
    camp trembled.

26
Figurative Language
  • (2 Sam 2215 NKJV) He sent out arrows and
    scattered them Lightning bolts, and He
    vanquished them.

27
Albert Barnes
  • And discomfited them - literally, to impel, to
    drive then, to put in commotion or
    consternation. The allusion is to an army whose
    order is disturbed, or which is thrown into
    confusion, and which is, therefore, easily
    conquered. The idea is that David achieved a
    victory over all his enemies, as if God had
    scattered them by a storm and tempest.

28
Gods complete Control
  • (2 Sam 2216 NKJV) Then the channels of the sea
    were seen, The foundations of the world were
    uncovered, At the rebuke of the LORD, At the
    blast of the breath of His nostrils.
  • The tempest of the air is attended by appropriate
    results on earth. The language, though not
    expressive of any special physical changes,
    represents the utter subversion of the order of
    nature. Before such a God none can stand.
    Jamieson, Faussett, Brown

29
Do waters trouble?
  • (2 Sam 2217 NKJV) "He sent from above, He took
    me, He drew me out of many waters.
  • The meaning here is, that God had rescued him out
    of the many troubles and dangers that encompassed
    him, as if he had fallen into the sea and was in
    danger of perishing. Albert Barnes

30
Thanks for His Deliverance!
  • (2 Sam 2218 NKJV) He delivered me from my
    strong enemy, From those who hated me For they
    were too strong for me.

31
Reflecting on troubles?
  • (2 Sam 2219 NKJV) They confronted me in the day
    of my calamity, But the LORD was my support.

32
More Appreciation
  • (2 Sam 2220 NKJV) He also brought me out into a
    broad place He delivered me because He delighted
    in me.

33
David started out so well!
  • (2 Sam 2221 NKJV) "The LORD rewarded me
    according to my righteousness According to the
    cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.

34
I stayed true to God
  • (2 Sam 2222 NKJV) For I have kept the ways of
    the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my
    God.

35
He knew Gods Word
  • (2 Sam 2223 NKJV) For all His judgments were
    before me And as for His statutes, I did not
    depart from them.
  • The 119th Psalm is further commentary on his
    appreciation for how important it is to know the
    word of God.

36
I have tried to do right
  • (2 Sam 2224 NKJV) I was also blameless before
    Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
  • Maybe the meaning
  • (2 Sam 2224 NIV) I have been blameless before
    him and have kept myself from sin.

37
God Does Reward Righteousness in some cases.
  • (2 Sam 2225 NKJV) Therefore the LORD has
    recompensed me according to my righteousness,
    According to my cleanness in His eyes.

38
The way we would hope
  • (2 Sam 2226 NKJV) "With the merciful You will
    show Yourself merciful With a blameless man You
    will show Yourself blameless

39
Reflect on This
  • (Exo 346-7 NKJV) And the LORD passed before him
    and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, merciful
    and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in
    goodness and truth, 7 "keeping mercy for
    thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression
    and sin, by no means clearing the guilty,
    visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the
    children and the children's children to the third
    and the fourth generation."

40
Reaping what you sow.
  • (2 Sam 2227 NKJV) With the pure You will show
    Yourself pure And with the devious You will show
    Yourself shrewd.
  • For comparison
  • (Psa 1826 NCV) You are pure to those who are
    pure, but you are against those who are bad.

41
Dont be Proud
  • (2 Sam 2228 NKJV) You will save the humble
    people But Your eyes are on the haughty, that
    You may bring them down.
  • A New Testament concept as well
  • (James 46 NKJV) But He gives more grace.
    Therefore He says "God resists the proud, But
    gives grace to the humble."

42
The Lamp!
  • (2 Sam 2229 NKJV) "For You are my lamp, O LORD
    The LORD shall enlighten my darkness.
  • (Psa 119105 NKJV) Your word is a lamp to my
    feet And a light to my path.

43
God is my strength!
  • (2 Sam 2230 NKJV) For by You I can run against
    a troop By my God I can leap over a wall.

44
Praise for Gods Righteousness!
  • (2 Sam 2231 NKJV) As for God, His way is
    perfect The word of the LORD is proven He is a
    shield to all who trust in Him.

45
Only One God!
  • (2 Sam 2232 NKJV) "For who is God, except the
    LORD? And who is a rock, except our God?

46
I Depend on God
  • (2 Sam 2233 NKJV) God is my strength and power,
    And He makes my way perfect.

47
He makes me what I am
  • (2 Sam 2234 NKJV) He makes my feet like the
    feet of deer, And sets me on my high places.

48
He has given me military victory
  • (2 Sam 2235 NKJV) He teaches my hands to make
    war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

49
Gentleness has made me great.
  • (2 Sam 2236 NKJV) "You have also given me the
    shield of Your salvation Your gentleness has
    made me great.

50
You keep me safe
  • (2 Sam 2237 NKJV) You enlarged my path under
    me So my feet did not slip.

51
Thankful for Victory
  • (2 Sam 2238 NKJV) "I have pursued my enemies
    and destroyed them Neither did I turn back again
    till they were destroyed.
  • He had the nobility not to kill Saul

52
Victory was true victory
  • (2 Sam 2239 NKJV) And I have destroyed them and
    wounded them, So that they could not rise They
    have fallen under my feet.

53
Once again, You helped me
  • (2 Sam 2240 NKJV) For You have armed me with
    strength for the battle You have subdued under
    me those who rose against me.

54
More victories
  • (2 Sam 2241 NKJV) You have also given me the
    necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those
    who hated me.

55
God had favored David
  • (2 Sam 2242 NKJV) They looked, but there was
    none to save Even to the LORD, but He did not
    answer them.

56
More Rejoicing of Victory
  • (2 Sam 2243 NKJV) Then I beat them as fine as
    the dust of the earth I trod them like dirt in
    the streets, And I spread them out.

57
He gave victory over civil war
  • (2 Sam 2244 NKJV) "You have also delivered me
    from the strivings of my people You have kept me
    as the head of the nations. A people I have not
    known shall serve me.

58
Victory over foreigners
  • (2 Sam 2245 NKJV) The foreigners submit to me
    As soon as they hear, they obey me. (46) The
    foreigners fade away, And come frightened from
    their hideouts.

59
Another one for our songs
  • (2 Sam 2247 NKJV) "The LORD lives! Blessed be
    my Rock! Let God be exalted, The Rock of my
    salvation!

60
God takes vengeance!
  • (2 Sam 2248 NKJV) It is God who avenges me, And
    subdues the peoples under me
  • (Heb 1030 NKJV) For we know Him who said,
    "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord.
    And again, "The LORD will judge His people."

61
God takes vengeance!
  • (2 Sam 2249 NKJV) He delivers me from my
    enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise
    against me You have delivered me from the
    violent man.

62
David was thankful
  • (2 Sam 2250 NKJV) Therefore I will give thanks
    to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles, And sing
    praises to Your name.

63
He is the Kings Help
  • (2 Sam 2251 NKJV) He is the tower of salvation
    to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To
    David and his descendants forevermore."

64
What Can we Learn?
65
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist

66
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist
  • David gave God credit for making him the success
    that he was.

67
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist
  • David gave God credit for making him the success
    that he was.
  • David underscored the fact that God wants
    goodness and rewards goodness for all.

68
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist
  • David gave God credit for making him the success
    that he was.
  • David underscored the fact that God wants
    goodness and rewards goodness for all.
  • David was greatest at two things

69
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist
  • David gave God credit for making him the success
    that he was.
  • David underscored the fact that God wants
    goodness and rewards goodness for all.
  • David was greatest at two things
  • Thanking God for His goodness and deeds

70
What Can we Learn?
  • David was the great Psalmist
  • David gave God credit for making him the success
    that he was.
  • David underscored the fact that God wants
    goodness and rewards goodness for all.
  • David was greatest at two things
  • Thanking God for His goodness and deeds
  • And pouring out his heart felt needs to God

71
2 Samuel 22
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