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Functions of geographical names

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Pronunciation. Links to other documents/files. And: see next page. 9/7/09 ... Pronunciation guides. phonetic alphabet. 9/7/09. 8th UN Conf Stand Geographical Names ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Functions of geographical names


1
Functions of geographical names
  • Ormeling Ferjan

2
amsterdam
3
amsterdam
4
amsterdam
5
Amsterdam
6
Role of geographical names serve as labels that
can be used for
  • Orientation, Navigation, reference points
  • Names link us to the landscape
  • Pronunciation
  • Links to other documents/files
  • And see next page

7
Role of names
8
Names are links in non-oral communication
9
Names are links in non-oral communication
200
200
500
500
100
200
200
10
Names are links in non-oral communication
11
Names as link in Michelin tourist information
system
12
Systems of spatial links
  • Geographical names
  • Geographical coordinates, UTM coordinates
  • Local grids
  • Map grids
  • Street addresses

13
Geographical coordinates or numbers
  • Go to 50092 North, 8662 East (Frankfurt, Villa
    Mumm (BKG))
  • Cadastral map with numbered lots

14
Utrecht city centre wards
15
But is we use names as links, they should be
standardised
16
Role of names
17
Names are links in oral communication
  • Pronunciation guides
  • phonetic alphabet

18
Tourist map of Greece with bi-scriptual rendering
of place names
19
Names are links in oral communication
  • Pronunciation guides
  • phonetic alphabet

20
Role of names
21
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
22
Anthropo-nyms given names in the
Netherlands 1983-1998
23
Spanish and Italian
Long American/ English top 1990)
Short American/ English (top 1980)
Long pre-mod Internat (top before 1983)
Old testament
Very short modern internat
Naturenames
Names from history and culture
Short-premo- dern internat. (top before 83)
Scandi- navian
Pre-modern Dutch (top Before 1983)
Short modern Dutch
Traditional Dutch names in full or shortened
versions (top before 1950)
Frisian
Short Traditional Dutch
24
Etymology of ocean names
25
Use of geographical names for non-cartographic
purposes
  • Etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names
  • Use of names as symbols
  • Use of names for educational purposes
  • Use of names for traffic/transportation
  • Use of names as a symbol for sovereignty

26
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • Etymology (explanation of meaning)
  • Netherlands Lowlands Nederland
  • In the Netherlands lived two tribes in Roman
    times (50 AD), the Batavi and the Belgae. Around
    1600 the federation of northern provinces were
    called in Latin Belgium Foederatum. Around 1800
    AD the Northern part of the Netherlands was
    called Batavian Republic, its main headquarter
    overseas was called Batavia when the Southern
    part of the Netherlands became independent in
    1830 it called itself after the other tribe,
    Belgium.

27
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • Etymology
  • Descriptive
  • names

28
Use of names for non-carto- graphic purposes
  • etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names

Brie
Montelimar
29
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names
  • Use of names as symbols Rome
  • - Bonn, Pankow - Stalingrad, Vietnam
  • - Trianon, Saint Germain
  • - Bali
  • - Paris
  • - Venice
  • - Siberia

30
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names
  • Use of names as symbols
  • Use of names for educational purposes

31
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • Etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names
  • Use of names as symbols
  • Use of names for educational purposes
  • Use of names for traffic/transportation

Dictionnaire des bureaux de poste
32
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
Dictionnaire des bureaux de poste
33
Use of names for non-cartographic purposes
  • Etymology
  • Descriptive names
  • Use of geographical names as brand names
  • Use of names as symbols
  • Use of names for educational purposes
  • Use of names for traffic/transportation
  • Use of names as a symbol for sovereignty

34
Map with capitals with new post-colonial names
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