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Religious Diversity

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... cleanliness, as well as religious ritual and observance. ... Farah, Caesar E. Islam: Beliefs and Observances. 2003. Woodburg, NY. Baron's Educational Series. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious Diversity


1
Religious Diversity
  • ByAndrew Johnson andJosh Ischy

2
Major Religions of the World
3
Major Religious Affiliations of the World
4
Diversity Among U.S. Population
  • Christianity
  • 76.5
  • Nonreligious/Secular
  • 13.2
  • Judaism
  • 1.3
  • Islam
  • .5
  • http//www.adherents.com/rel_USA.htmlreligions

5
Christianity
  • Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
  • Relatively young. (LaTourette, 3) Originated in
    Palestine in the 1st century AD
  • Belief in Jesus Christ as redeemer ensures
    everlasting life. (Ferguson, 66)
  • Believe in one God (monotheistic) who created the
    universe and all things in it
  • Christianity originally developed as a part of
    Judaism

6
Christian Way of Life
  • What guides Christian decision-making
  • Fellowship with God
  • Nurture relationships with others
  • Obedience to God's commands
  • Discipline

7
Judaism
  • Is a monotheistic religion
  • Judaism is the oldest and smallest of the world's
    five great religions
  • Being a part of a Jewish community and living
    one's life according to Jewish law and traditions
    is very important.

8
Judaism (continued)
  • -There is a single, all-powerful God, who created
    the universe and everything in it.
  • God has a special relationship with the Jewish
    people due to covenant that God made with Moses
    on Mount Sinai, 3500 years ago

9
More Jewish Facts
  • The Jewish place of worship is called a Synagogue
  • The religious leader of a Jewish community is
    called a Rabbi
  • Unlike leaders in many other faiths, a rabbi is
    not a priest and has no special religious status
  • Sabbath(Shabbat), starts at sunset on Friday and
    continues until sunset on Saturday. (Stuart, 245)
  • During the Sabbath, Jews do not work (drive,
    cook, etc.)

10
What guides Jewish lives
  • The 613 Mitzvots
  • http//www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

11
Islam
  • Islam is the world's second most followed
    religion
  • Began around 1400 years ago in Arabia, but
    swiftly become a world faith, and now has around
    1.2 billion followers.

12
Islam guiding life
  • Islam is more than a system of beliefs. The faith
    provides a social and legal system and governs
    things like family life, law and order, ethics,
    dress, and cleanliness, as well as religious
    ritual and observance.

13
Where is Islam practiced?
  • The countries with the largest Islamic
    populations are in Asia rather than the
    Middle-East
  • These are Indonesia (170 million), Pakistan (136
    million), Bangladesh (105 million), and India
    (103 million)
  • Islam's three holiest places, the cities of
    Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem, all in the Middle
    East

14
Pilgrimage to Mecca
15
  • The Qur'an is the actual word of God, and
    contains the fundamental beliefs of Islam
  • Given to Muhammad the prophet of His people.
    (Farah, 61)
  • According to tradition, the Qur'an was dictated
    to Muhammad
  • Two major sects
  • Sunni-920 million people(everywhere else)
  • Shiite-120 million people(Iran)
  • Comparing the Sunni and Shiite branches of Islam

16
Atheist/Nonsecular
  • 2nd only to Christianity in members of U.S. top
    20 religions
  • Video explaining the agnostic point of view
  • http//youtube.com/watch?vV91IoRH8bAY
  • No evidence that God is a necessity
  • Morality cannot be grounded into religion
    (Nielsen, 129)

17
Religion and Conflict
  • Religious differences lead to prejudice and
    violence
  • Different religious views have lead to global
    conflict
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vdj9dHRqCPw8

18
References
  • Latourette, Kenneth. A History of Christianity
    Volume 1 Beginnings to 1500. 1953 San Francisco,
    Ca Harper San Francisco.
  • Farah, Caesar E. Islam Beliefs and Observances.
    2003. Woodburg, NY. Barons Educational Series.
  • Chapin, Stuart. Rest Days, A Study in Early Law
    and Morality. 1917. Chicago, IL. The University
    of Chicago Press.
  • Nielsen, Kai. (April 1962) Morality and God Some
    Questions for Mr. MacIntyre. The Philosophical
    Quarterly, 12. Retrieved April 1 from
    lthttp//links.jstor.org/sici
  • Ferguson, Everett. The Church of Christ A
    Biblical Ecclesiology for Today. 1996. Grande
    Rapids, MI. Williams B. Eerdmans Publishing
    Company.
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