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Title: INTERNATIONAL CHALLENGES IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION: Perspectives from the JPOI and the Framework fo


1
  • INTERNATIONAL CHALLENGES IN ENVIRONMENTAL
    EDUCATION Perspectives from the JPOI and the
    Framework for a Draft Implementation Scheme on
    the DESD

2
THE UNITED NATIONS MANDATE
to promote higher standards of living, full
employment and conditions of economic and social
progress and development.
3
WHAT THE UN DOES
  • For Peace
  • Disarmament
  • Peacemaking
  • Peace-building
  • Peacekeeping

4
WHAT THE UN DOES
  • For Justice, Human Rights International Law
  • Human Rights
  • International Law
  • Ending Impunity

5
WHAT THE UN DOES
  • For Humanitarian Assistance
  • Emergency Assistance
  • Humanitarian Response

6
WHAT THE UN DOES
  • For Development
  • Setting the Agenda
  • Assistance for Development
  • Pooling Resources

7
THE UN
plays a crucial role in international consensus
building on actions for development.
8
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Sets priorities and goals for development through
a series of 10-year International Development
Strategies also known as the Development
Decade(s).
9
THE UN
has been responsible for formu-lating new key
development objectives such as sustainable
development, advancement of women, human rights,
environmental protection and good governance and
programmes to achieve them.
10
UN Mandate
UN promotes consensus building
  • GA sets priorities goals thru 10-yr IDS

World Conferences
UN formulates new key devt. objectives
programmes
11
The Millenium Development Goals
  • Halving extreme poverty and hunger
  • Achieving universal primary
  • education
  • Promoting gender equality
  • Reducing under-five mortality by 2/3

12
The Millenium Development Goals
  • Reducing maternal mortality by ¾
  • Reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria
  • TB
  • Ensuring environmental sustainability
  • Developing a global partnership for
  • development, with targets for aid, trade
  • debt relief

13
WORLD CONFERENCES
Meant to identify practical ways of solving
global problems in a range of areas-education
(1990), environment and development (1992), human
rights (1993) population and development (1994),
social development (1995), human settlements
(1996), etc..
14
BASEL CONVENTION1989
  • CONFERENCE ON THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT
  • Stockholm, 1972
  • Framework for Environmental Action
  • Governing Council for Environmental Programs
  • Environment Secretariat
  • Environment Fund

VIENNA CONVENTIONMONTREAL PROTOCOL1987
  • EARTH SUMMIT
  • Rio de Janeiro, 1992
  • Agenda 21
  • UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Convention on Biodiversity
  • Forest principles

ROTTERDAM CONVENTIONSEPT., 1998
POPs CONVENTIONMAY 2001
KYOTO PROTOCOLDEC., 1997
WSSD2002
15
THE EARTH SUMMIT IN RIO IN 1992
  • Produced the Agenda 21 whose Chapter 36 was on
    Promoting Education, Public Awareness and
    Training
  • Programme Areas are on
  • reorienting education towards sustainable
    development
  • increasing public awareness
  • promoting training

16
WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • Produced the Johannesburg Plan of
    Implementation
  • Which is envisioned to build on the UNCED
    outcomes and completely achieve the Earth
    Summits goals
  • Which emphasized the critical role of education
    in sustainable development.

17
Specifically, the JPOI emphasized
  • The need for the bilateral and multilateral
    donors to complement the efforts of national
    governments in
  • meeting the MDG of achieving universal
    primary education by 2015
  • providing financial assistance support to
    education, research,public awarenessprogrammes,etc
  • addressing the impact of HIV/AIDs on the
    educational system of countries seriously
    affected
  • allocating resources for basic education as
    proposed by the Dakar Framework for Action on
    Education for all

18
Specifically, the JPOI emphasized
  • Eliminating gender disparity in primary
    secondary education by 2005
  • Integrating sustainable development into all
    levels of the educational system
  • Developing, monitoring and reviewing
    education action plans and programmes at the
    national,sub-national and local levels reflecting
    the Dakar Framework for Action
  • Providing all community members with a wide
    range of formal non-formal continuing
    educational opportunities, incl. volunteer
    community service programmes

19
  • Supporting the use of education to promote
    sustainable development by a.) integrating
    information communications technology in school
    curriculum development b.) promoting affordable
    increased access to programmes for students ,
    c.) continuing to implement the work programme of
    the Commission on Sustainable Development on
    education for SD and d.) recommending to the UN
    General Assembly that it consider a decade of
    education from sustainable development, starting
    in 2005.

20
UN DECADE FOR SD( 2005-2014)
  • recommended by the WSSD to the UNGA
  • adopted by the UNGA through Resolution 57/254
    in December,2002
  • UNESCO was designated lead agency and was
    requested to develop a draft international
    implementation scheme

21
THE UN DECADE OF EDUCATION FOR SD
  • Aims to
  • promote education as a basis for a more
    sustainable human society integrate sustainable
    development into education systems at all levels.

22
FOUR MAJOR THRUSTS
  • Promotion improvement of basic education
  • Reorienting existing education programmes
  • Developing public awareness and understanding of
    sustainability
  • Training

23
UN Decade of Education for Sustainable
Development Framework for a Draft International
Implementation Scheme
  • CONTENTS
  • Preamble
  • Sect.1 Education for Sustainable Development
  • Sect.II A Partnership Approach to the DESD
  • Sect.III Initiating the DESD

24
PREAMBLE
  • Provides premises like
  • Rationale for the framework, I.e. directive
    from the UNGA to UNESCO as lead agency to develop
    the framework
  • linkages with the other international
    education priorities, e.g. Dakar Framework for
    Action and the UN Literacy Decade

25
SECTION I
  • Elaborates the nature of education for
    sustainable development, clarifying its links to
    other international education processes
    priorities
  • Highlights the synergistic nature of SD
    education the priority areas of poverty
    alleviation,gender equality, health promotion,
    conservation protection of the natural resource
    base, etc

26
SECTION II
  • Describes the partnership approach to the
    development of the draft implementation scheme
    for the DESD
  • Outlines a range of possible strategies for
    enhancing participation, ownership commitment by
    partners in the Decade
  • Emphasizes support for initatives at the local
    level.

27
SECTION III
  • Concludes the framework with a proposed schedule
    of activities which will catalyze world society
    for the DESD, from July,2003-December,2005.
  • Activities are organized into a.) communication
    advocacy and b.) building momentum,
    partnerships and support for the Decade.

28
How do we make education work for sustainable
development?
  • If SD requires a.) recognition of the challenge,
    b.) collective responsibility leadership, c.)
    acting with determination,and d.) indivisibility
    of human dignity
  • Education provides skills for a.) learning to
    know, b.)learning to live together,c.)learning to
    do, and d.) learning to be.

29
Proposed Focus of the Framework in the Four
Domains of Education
  • Basic Education Sharing knowledge,
    skills,values perspectives through a lifetime
    of learning, I.e. encouraging public
    participation community decisionmaking.
  • Re-orienting Existing Education Programs-Review
    of existing curricula to develop
    transdisciplinary understandings of social,
    economic and environmental sustainability Review
    of recommended mandated approaches to teaching,
    learning assessment

30
  • Developing public awareness understanding of
    sustainability-Widespread community education a
    responsible media committed to encouraging an
    informed active citizenry.
  • Training-Vocational professional training for
    the workforce within business industry to
    enable them to make decisions perform their
    work in a sustainable manner.

31
Linking DESD, EFA the UNLD Key Themes
  • Overcoming Poverty
  • Gender Equality
  • Health Promotion
  • Environmental Conservation Protection
  • Rural Transformation
  • Human Rights
  • Inter-cultural Understanding Peace
  • Sustainable Production Consumption
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Information Communication Technologies

32
Developing Partnerships for the DESD
  • Vision-a two-pronged vision first, the overall
    vision of ESD to which all partners subscribe and
    second, the particular vision for ESD within the
    partners own aims, concerns programmes

33
  • Demonstration Activities- development of
    demonstration activities and programmes for
    adaptation in locally relevant culturally
    appropriate ways.
  • Networking- As ESD concerns all kinds of
    educational structures learning situations,
    modelling of these processes would be critical
    for spelling out the whys and hows of building
    partnerships.

34
THE UN SYSTEM IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • Is currently in the process of synchronizing and
    harmonizing programmes and interventions
  • Is in the process of producing a new UNDAF (UN
    Development Framework) based on a Common Country
    Assessment (CCA).
  • Will produce their respective Country Programme
    Documents (CPDs) and Country Action Plans.

35
How the UN Agencies Collaborate Locally the UNDAF
  • The UN Development Assistance Framework is the
    common strategic framework for the operational
    activities of the UN system at the country level.

36
The UNDAF
  • Forges agreement on a rights-based strategic
    results driven support of the UN system to
    country led efforts to achieve national
    priorities goals within the MDG context.
  • Generates greater synergy sharper focus of
    programmes projects supported by the UN
    agencies.

37
  • Ensures greater long term impact of the UN system
    development cooperation in terms of domestic
    capacity development sustainability of results.
  • Integrates crisis/conflict prevention
    peacebuilding into development cooperation.
  • Ensures better mitigation planning disaster
    preparedness to address natural disasters and
    man-made crisis.

38
  • Ensures more efficient use of available UN
    resources mobilization of additional resources
    through strategic partnerships with other
    development partners.
  • Provides a common plan and mechanism to monitor
    evaluate the effectiveness of the UN system
    cooperation.

39
THE FORTHCOMING UNDAF IN THE PHILIPIPPINES
  • Resulted from the Common Country Assessment (CCA)
    process
  • Will work in 5 thematic areas
  • Governance
  • Basic Social Services
  • Environment
  • Peace Development
  • Economic Growth Poverty Reduction

40
THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
  • At the forefront of UN efforts to bring social
    economic progress
  • The UNs largest provider of grants for
    sustainable human development
  • Works in 174 countries and territories to
    facilitate technical cooperation and eradicate
    poverty

41
SUBSTANTIVE FOCUS
  • Democratic Governance
  • Poverty Reduction
  • Crisis Prevention Recovery
  • Energy Environment
  • Information Communications Technology
  • HIV/AIDS

42
THE UNDP IN THE PHILIPPINES WORKS IN THE AREAS
OF.
  • Creating an Enabling Environment Poverty
    Reduction Through Good Governance
  • Empowerment of the Poor
  • Ensuring Environmental Sustainability
  • Establishing the Foundations for Peace
    Development

43
THE SECOND COUNTRY COOPERATION FRAMEWORK FOR THE
PHILIPPINES
  • Outlines the agreement between the UNDP the GoP
    through the NEDA
  • Reflects the results recommendations from the
    review of the previous CCF
  • Builds on existing partnerships
  • Underpinned by crosscutting issues like human
    rights gender
  • Institutionalizes results orientation

44
THE PORTFOLIO ON ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL
SUSTAINABILITY
  • Supports 2 Outcomes
  • Strengthened, rationalized and effectively
    implemented environment natural resources
    policies, frameworks plans
  • Streamlined ENR services and strengthened
    sustainable development planning and
    implementation capacity

45
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • TRAC Funded Programmes
  • ENR Framework Development
  • EPIC (Environmental Programme for Industry
    Competitiveness)
  • MSD (Mainstreaming Sustainable Development)
  • National Coastal Marine Strategy
  • Updating the Forestry Master Plan
  • Updating the Tourism Master Plan

46
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • Global Environment Facility- Climate Change
  • Capacity Building for Renewable Energy
    Development (CBRED)
  • Enabling Activity for Climate Change
  • Palawan New Renewable Energy Livelihood
    Support Program
  • Philippine Efficient Lighting Market
    Transformation Project

47
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • Global Environment Facility- Biodiversity
  • Samar Island Biodiversity Project
  • Bohol Marine Triangle
  • Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park World
    Heritage Site
  • Sustainable Management of Mount Isarog
  • Enabling Activity on Biodiversity
  • Phil. Indigenous Crops Wild Relatives
  • National Capacity Self Assessment

48
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • Global Environment Facility- Other Focal Areas
  • Partnerships in Environmental Management for
    the Seas of East Asia
  • Demonstration of Viability Removal of
    Barriers that Impede Adoption Effective
    Implementation of Available, Non-Combustion
    Technologies for Destroying POPs
  • Enabling Activity on POPs

49
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • Small Grants Programmes
  • GEF-RNE Small Grants Programme
  • SGP for Operations to Promote Tropical
    Forestry in Asia
  • SGP-Community Management of Protected Areas
    Conservation (COMPACT)

50
PROGRAMMES PROJECTS
  • Others
  • Community-Based Ecological Solid Wastes
    Management in MetroManila
  • Public -Private Sector Convergence for Solid
    Wastes Co-Governance in Urban Poor Areas
  • Environmental Protection in Support of the
    Livelihood Programme Component in the Lake Lanao
    Area
  • River Basin Watershed Management Programme
    in Liguasan Marsh
  • Multi-Purpose Pilot Photovoltaic Wind Turbine
    System for Rural Electrification in the
    Philippines

51
  • THE END
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