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Theater in the Middle Ages

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Catholic Church banned all theater productions in the 6th century ... Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Nights Dream. Playwrights (cont) Hans Sachs (Germany) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Theater in the Middle Ages


1
Theater in the Middle Ages
2
Early Christianitys Role
  • Roman Empire fell
  • Christian Empire took its place
  • Catholic Church banned all theater productions in
    the 6th century
  • Felt man was immoral and corrupt
  • Allowed religious drama again in the 10th century
  • Most people were illiterate so they could teach
    Christian doctrine through drama

3
Early Christianitys Role (cont)
  • Miracle Pageants
  • The simple plays evolved into elaborate
    productions
  • Performed outdoors on pageant wagons (like
    floats)
  • One such play still exists today
  • Oberamergau Passion Play
  • Performed since 1633

4
Secular Theater
  • Because of the ban there are no official records
    of theater until the late middle ages
  • However there was evidence of underground theater
    in church records condemning it
  • Royal Courts began entertaining guests with
    theatrical performances, then merchants, then
    towns again

5
Renaissance
6
Newsflash!
  • Johannes Gutenberg of Germany invents first
    printing press
  • First form of mass communication
  • Catalyst to the rebirth of learning and art
  • Now everyone can learn to read and write
  • Neoclassical age is born
  • New writers learned from the classical age

7
Playwrights
  • Shakespeare (England
  • Greatest playwright of all time
  • Did borrow plots from other plays
  • Plays are still performed today (400 years after
    his death) than any other playwrights
  • Works
  • Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Nights
    Dream

8
Playwrights (cont)
  • Hans Sachs (Germany)
  • A shoemaker
  • Wrote 198 farcical plays
  • Lope de Vega (Spain)
  • 2000 plays
  • Cervantes Calderon (Spain)

9
Playwrights (cont)
  • Goldoni (Italy)
  • 250 plays
  • The Servant of Two Masters
  • Moliere (France)
  • Ben Johnson , Marlowe (England)

10
Italian Renaissance contributions
  • Opera
  • Emerged from trying to recreate Greek Tragedy
    music
  • Monteverde 1st great composer
  • Commedia del arte
  • drama by professional actors
  • Professional touring theater troupes
  • Used similar stock characters
  • Slapstick originated here
  • The style is still imitated today in characters
    such as
  • Punch Judy
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • 3 Stooges
  • Keystone Cops

11
Italian Renaissance contributions (cont)
  • Proscenium Arch
  • Artists discovered perspective and scenic
    designers began creating beautiful sets
  • Old theater designs didnt allow them to be seen
  • Narrowed seating and framing the picture was born
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