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EQUIP BIBLE STUDY

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Jewish tradition contained in the Talmud attributes Judges to Samuel. ... Author Unknown (Jewish Talmudic Traditions says that it was written by Samuel) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EQUIP BIBLE STUDY


1
EQUIP BIBLE STUDY
  • SECTION 2

2
THE HISTORICAL BOOKS (Joshua to
Esther)
3
Historical Books
4
What is Historical Books all about?
  • The 12 Historical Books pick up the story of
    Israel where it left off at the end of
    Deuteronomy. These books describe the occupation
    and settlement of Israel in the Promised Land,
    the transition from Judges to the Monarchy, the
    division and decline of the Kingdom, the
    captivities of the Northern and southern kingdom,
    and the return of the remnant.

5
JOSHUA
  • Theme Conquest
  • Date Written 1405 1385 B.C.
  • Author Joshua
  • Setting Canaan, the Promised Land

6
Joshua
  • Joshuas original name was Hoshea (Salvation) but
    Moses changed it to Yehoshua (Yahweh is
    Salvation). He is also called Yeshua, a
    shortened form of Yehoshua. This is the Hebrew
    equivalent of the Greek name Iesous (Jesus).
  • His name is a symbolic of the fact that although
    he is the leader of Israelite nation during the
    conquest, the Lord is the Conqueror.

7
Joshua ... Continues
  • When Moses passed the baton of Leadership on to
    Joshua (Deuteronomy 34), Israel was at the end of
    its 40 years of wilderness wanderings. Joshua
    had been Moses faithful apprentice for most of
    that 40 years and was approaching 90 years of age
    when Moses calls him to become Israels new
    Leader. Joshuas task is to lead Israel into the
    land of Canaan, drive out the inhabitants, and
    divide the land among the 12 tribes.

8
Joshua ... Continues
  • The Book of Joshua teaches that when it comes to
    fighting the battles of life and gaining
    spiritual victory, blessing comes through
    obedience to Gods commands.
  • Active Faith does not require that you understand
    all or any of what God is doing in your life.
    You dont need to understand. You need only to
    obey and then reap the blessings of that
    obedience.

9
SURVEY OF JOSHUA
  • Chapters 1-5 Preparation for Conquering the Land
    (Spiritual, Moral, physical, and Military).
  • Chapters 6-12 Conquering the Land.
  • Chapters 13 22 Allocation of the Land.
  • Chapters 23 24 Last Words of Joshua.

10
Life Lessons from Joshua
  • Faithfulness is a requirement for service.
  • Serving others prepares you to lead others.
  • Victory occurs when you let God fight your
    battles.
  • Guidance from God for daily living comes from His
    Word, the Bible.
  • At times you must make a stand for your beliefs.
  • Living for God requires ongoing obedience.

11
JUDGES
  • Theme Deliverance
  • Date Written about 1043 B.C.
  • Author Samuel
  • Setting Canaan

12
Author
  • The author of Judges is anonymous, but Samuel or
    one of his prophetic students may have written
    it. Jewish tradition contained in the Talmud
    attributes Judges to Samuel.
  • Talmud is a record of rabbinic discussions
    pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and
    history.

13
Judges ... Continues
  • In seven distinct cycles of sin to salvation,
    Judges shows how Israel had set aside Gods law
    and in its place substituted what was right in
    his own eyes (2125).
  • The cycles of apostasy and deliverance cover the
    whole land
  • Southern (3 7-31) Northern (41 531)
    Central (61 105) Eastern (106 1215)
  • Western (131 1631).

14
Series of Cycles in Judges
  • 1. Israel Departs from God.
  • 2. God Chastises Israel by permitting military
    defeat and oppression.
  • 3. Israel prays for deliverance.
  • 4. God raises up Judges, either civil or military
    champions, who lead in the defeat of oppressors
  • 5. Peace.... Then .... (Repeating the Cycle)

15
Judges .... Continues
16
Life Lessons from Judges
  • Dont compromise with the world it leads to
    defeat.
  • Dont sin it results in suffering.
  • Dont wait until you are without hope to cry out
    to God.
  • Dont do what is right in your own eyesdo whats
    right in Gods eyes.

17
Survey of Judges
  • Deterioration (11 - 34).
  • Deliverances (35 1631).
  • Depravity (171 2125).

18
RUTH
  • Theme Redemption
  • Date Written 1050 B.C.
  • Author Unknown/possibly Samuel
  • Setting Moab and Bethlehem

19
Introduction...
  • The book of Ruth takes place during the
    spiritually dark days of the Judges. Ruth is the
    story of a woman (named Ruth) who lives during
    this evil period in Israels history but does not
    succumb to its moral decay. Ruths story is one
    of integrity, righteousness and faithfulness.
    Ruth and Esther are the only women who have books
    of the Bible named after them.

20
Contribution to the Bible
21
A Brief Comparison of Ruth and Esther.
22
Spiritual meaning of Ruths Story...
  • In this story, Boaz became a kinsman-redeemer, or
    a close relative who in essence redeems the
    Gentile Ruth and gives her a home.
  • The book of Ruth gives us an important analogy of
    the work of Christ. Like Boaz, Jesus is related
    to us by His physical birth, able to pay the
    price of redemption, willing to redeem, and able
    to redeem. And like Ruth, you must choose to
    accept redemption and leave the transaction to
    Jesus, who makes the redemption a reality.

23
Life Lessons from Ruth
  • What you think to be a tragedy is Gods
    opportunity to show Himself faithful.
  • Your abundance is an opportunity to help the less
    fortunate.
  • God honours faithfulness.
  • Character is a noble quality that God honours.
  • Adverse circumstances give you the opportunity to
    exhibit godly character.

24
Survey of Ruth
  • Ruths love is Demonstrated (Chapters 1-2)
  • Ruths Love is Rewarded (Chapters 3-4)

25
FIRST SAMUEL
  • Theme Transition (Judges to Kings).
  • Date written 931 722BC
  • Author Unknown (Jewish Talmudic Traditions says
    that it was written by Samuel). 1 Samuel 251
    states his death. It could be compiled by one
    person. Samuel could have written the first
    part of the book.
  • 1 Chronicle 2929 Samuel, Nathan, and Gad could
    have contributed to write this book.
  • Setting The struggling nation of Israel.

26
An Explanation of the date
  • The Books of Samuel ends in the last days of
    David so they must have been complied after 971
    BC. The reference in 1Samuel 276 to the Divided
    monarchy in which Judah is separate from Israel
    indicates a compilation date after Solomons
    death in 931 B.C. However, the silence regarding
    the Assyrian captivity of Israel in 722 B.C.
    Probably means that First Samuel was written
    before this key event.

27
1 Samuel ... Continues
  • Originally 1 and 2 Samuel were one book in the
    Hebrew Bible, but later translations separate
    them into our present two books. First Samuel
    is named for the first of three prominent
    personalitiesSamuel, Saul and David interwoven
    throughout its contents.
  • Historically, First Samuel provides the crucial
    link from the Judges to the Monarchy.

28
Life Lessons from 1 Samuel
  • A Close walk with God will help you better handle
    lifes transitions.
  • Your faithful service will be rewarded, at least
    in Gods eyes.
  • God wants your inward commitment, not just an
    outward observance.
  • Its not how you start thats important, but how
    you finish.

29
Survey of First Samuel
  • The Book is built around three Key Men
  • Samuel (Chapters 1 to 7)
  • Saul (Chapters 8 to 15)
  • Saul And David (Chapters 16 to 31)

30
SECOND SAMUEL
  • Theme Unification
  • Date written 931 722 BC
  • Author Unknown (see notes of 1 Samuel).
  • Setting United Kingdom of Israel.

31
2 Samuel ... Continues
  • Second Samuel picks up where 1Samuel leaves off.
    Saul is now gone so the people of Judah, Davids
    ancestral tribe, declare David as their king,
    while the northern tribe acknowledge Sauls
    youngest son as their king. David rules in Hebron
    for 7 ½ years before all Israel finally
    acknowledge David as their King. He then reigns
    in Jerusalem for 33 years. Second Samuel reviews
    the key events in Davids 40 year reign.

32
Life lessons from 2 Samuel
  • Blessings comes to you and those around you when
    you are obedient to Gods commands.
  • Conversely, there are always consequences to your
    sinful actions.
  • Your role as a parent is a full-time job and must
    not be neglected or delegated to others.
  • Repentance restores your relationship with God.

33
Survey of 2 Samuel
  • Davids Success (Chapters 110).
  • Davids Sin (Chapters 11).
  • Davids Struggles (Chapter 12 to 24).
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